Catastrophic health expenditure and impoverishment in households of persons with depression: a cross-sectional, comparative study in rural Ethiopia - Hailemichael Y, Hanlon C, Tirfessa K, Docrat S, Alem A, Medhin G, Lund C, Chisholm D, Fekadu A, Hailemariam D.

BACKGROUND: The extent of catastrophic health expenditure and impoverishment associated with depression in low-and middle-income countries is not known. The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence and intensity of catastrophic out-of-pocket (OOP) h...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

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OBJECTIVE: There has been increasing concern about the high risk of suicide among US veterans, especially those with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Among those at greatest risk are veterans recently discharged from inpatient or specialized intensive...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Background: Approximately half of all patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) also suffer from major depressive disorder (MDD). This co-occurrence might lead to an impairment of cognitive functions, worse response to antidepressant medica...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Background: Individuals with traumatic limb amputation (TLA) may be at risk of depression, but evidence of increased depression after TLA from longitudinal studies has been limited. It is also unknown whether physical function, cognitive function, a...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
We examined main, direct, and indirect effects for mindfulness and combat experiences on veterans ’ PTSD and depressive symptoms and investigated the explanatory value of mindfulness on outcome variance in these models.MethodsA total of 485 post-9/11 era military veterans with previous combat deployments residing in four major US cities completed online surveys asking about their combat experiences, mindfulness, and mental health. Two multivariable ordinary least squares regression models were specified to investigate main effects of mindfulness and combat experiences on veterans ’ PTSD and depressive symptoms....
Source: Mindfulness - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Authors: Stefanovics EA, Rosenheck RA Abstract OBJECTIVE: There has been increasing concern about the high risk of suicide among US veterans, especially those with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Among those at greatest risk are veterans recently discharged from inpatient or specialized intensive treatment programs, but little is known about clinical correlates of suicide attempts among such veterans and this information that might facilitate prevention efforts. METHODS: National program evaluation data were obtained at program entry and 4 months after discharge from 30,384 veterans from 57 sites (fiscal ...
Source: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Clin Psychiatry Source Type: research
Using a community-based participatory research approach, we surveyed 134 undocumented Central American immigrant mothers to examine correlates of maternal mental health. Drawing upon an ecosystemic framework, predictors of depression included structural an...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
AbstractObjectiveTo quantify the correlation between patients ’ psychopathological predisposition, disability and health-related quality of life (QOL) after surgery for degenerative lumbar spine disease.MethodsWe prospectively included patients undergoing decompression for degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis, spondylolisthesis or disc herniation with additional fusion of up to two segments. Patients completed a structured psychological assessment including the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (ADS-K), Post-Traumatic Stress Scale –10 (PTSS-10), State Trait Anxiety Inventory–State Anxiety...
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Results indicate that females show higher levels of PTSS in adolescence but not during childhood. The emergence of this sex difference does not seem to be explained by overlap with depressive symptoms, while the influence of pubertal status requires further investigation. PMID: 31409434 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Psychological Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research
People are known to be susceptible to psychological essentialism when reasoning about organ transplantation, believing that the mental characteristics of the donor will transfer to the recipient. Because psychological essentialism is exacerbated in negativ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 10 August 2019Source: Neurobiology of StressAuthor(s): Zhiying Jiang, Shivakumar Rajamanickam, Nicholas J. JusticeAbstractThe importance of a precisely coordinated neuroendocrine, autonomic, and behavioral stress response was a primary theme at the Stress Neurobiology Workshop 2018, held in the beautiful setting of Banff Provincial Park in Alberta, Canada. Much of the research featured at this meeting reinforced the importance of appropriately responding to stress in order to avoid various neuropsychiatric pathologies, including Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), depression, and addic...
Source: Neurobiology of Stress - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
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