Verbal memory and sentence comprehension in aphasia: A case series.

Verbal memory and sentence comprehension in aphasia: A case series. Neurocase. 2019 Jul 04;:1-8 Authors: Varkanitsa M, Kasselimis D, Boulouis G, Fugard AJB, Evdokimidis I, Druks J, Potagas C, Van de Koot H Abstract This case series explores the relationship between verbal memory capacity and sentence comprehension in four patients with aphasia. Two sentence comprehension tasks showed that two patients, P1 and P2, had impaired syntactic comprehension, whereas P3 and P4's sentence comprehension was intact. The memory assessment tasks showed that P1 and P2 had severely impaired short-term memory, whereas P3 and P4 performed within the normal range in the short-term memory tasks. This finding suggests an association between short-term memory deficit and sentence comprehension difficulties. P1 and P3 exhibited impaired comparable working memory deficits, suggesting a dissociation between working memory and sentence comprehension. PMID: 31272279 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Neurocase - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neurocase Source Type: research

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Source: Aphasiology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Aphasiology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Aphasiology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 January 2020Source: Journal of Clinical NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Seung Hwan Kim, Hyungon Lee, Hye-Jin Kim, Byeong-Sam Choi, Sung-Chul JinAbstractSuperficial temporal artery (STA)-middle cerebral artery (MCA) bypass surgery is considered not the primary but the last treatment option for acute atherosclerotic occlusions refractory to medical treatment. We retrospectively evaluated patients who underwent STA-MCA bypass surgery for acute atherosclerotic occlusion intractable to other treatments. From June 2010 to May 2014, 10 patients underwent STA-MCA bypass surgery for acute atheroscleroti...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Goals of care discussions are frequently indicated after acute stroke. Many of these conversations happen without direct patient participation secondary to aphasia or encephalopathy.
Source: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management - Category: Palliative Care Authors: Source Type: research
The thalamus is related to language function, and some thalamic stroke cases can cause aphasia [1]. However, most previous cases reporting thalamic damage-induced ipsilateral subcortical diaschisis and aphasia were hemorrhagic stroke [1,2]. Only a few left thalamus infarction cases showed cortical hypoperfusion concerned with the aphasia, but no single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) or thalamic nucleus data were available [3]. Thus, aphasia pathology due to cortical hypoperfusion following thalamus infarction, especially with respect to thalamic nuclei, is still unknown.
Source: Journal of the Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of the ReviewAlthough visual and somatosensory disturbances are the most common migraine aura (MA) symptoms, patients can also experience other symptoms during their MA. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of studies that report symptoms of dysphasia and other higher cortical dysfunctions (HCDs) during MA, as well as to determine the frequency of HCDs.Recent FindingsFive studies met the inclusion criteria, corresponding to 697 patients overall. The most frequently reported HCDs were those of the language group (range 10 –53%). The occurrence of visual HCDs was noted in 12–40 patient...
Source: Current Pain and Headache Reports - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: We speculated that damages to the basal ganglia disrupted the cortico-subcortical circuits that facilitated the transhemispheric communications of language functions, resulting in decreased interhemispheric FC. Consequently, the intrahemispheric FC increased as a possible compensatory mechanism to restore the language functions. PMID: 31955634 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Brain Injury - Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research
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