Science of sleep and sports performance – a scoping review

ConclusionSleep quality and intensity shall be borne in mind in coaching athletes before, during and after the competitions. The sleep education should be part of coaches, psychologist and team manager's training for behavior modification and fruitful team performance.RésuméObjectifLe sommeil est une activité biologique fondamentale de l’homme. Le sommeil est vital pour la récupération, permettant de reconstituer les réserves d’énergie utilisées au cours des activités fonctionnelles quotidiennes. Le sport détermine une dépense en énergie supérieure à celle des activités quotidiennes. On pourrait donc supposer qu’un sommeil plus long est nécessaire pour reconstituer l’énergie dépensée lors d’activités sportives. En réalité, cependant, l’observation montre que les athlètes dorment moins que ce qui est normalement nécessaire, ce qui met en porte à faux l’homéostasie physiologique et peut prédisposer aux blessures à répétition compromettant ainsi les performances sportives.MéthodologieLa recherche documentaire a été effectuée sur PubMed Central, CINAHL, Proquest et Cochrane Central avec les mots-clés « Performance sportive ET sommeil », « Durée du sommeil OU ...
Source: Science and Sports - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Related Links:

Publication date: July–September 2019Source: Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, Volume 64Author(s): Catherine Cimon-Paquet, Émilie Tétreault, Annie BernierAbstractFew studies have investigated the associations between parent–child relationships and child sleep across distinct developmental stages using objective measures of sleep and while considering both parents. The current study aimed to investigate the longitudinal associations between the quality of parent–child interactions in toddlerhood and sleep duration and quality at early school age. The sample consisted of 88 families...
Source: Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology - Category: Child Development Source Type: research
Publication date: 24 August 2019Source: New Scientist, Volume 243, Issue 3244Author(s):
Source: New Scientist - Category: Science Source Type: research
ConclusionsThese studies demonstrate child sleep problems are associated with poorer parent mental health and higher parenting stress.ImplicationsFuture longitudinal research including multiple measurements of child sleep problems and family functioning is required to clarify the directionality of associations. Such knowledge is key in adapting sleep interventions to better meet the needs of children with ADHD or ASD and their families.
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
We describe the time course of bone formation marker (P1NP) decline in men exposed to ~  3 weeks of sleep restriction with concurrent circadian disruption. P1NP declined within 10 days and remained lower with ongoing exposure. These data suggest even brief exposure to sleep and circadian disruptions may disrupt bone metabolism.IntroductionA serum bone formation marker (procollagen type 1 N-terminal, P1NP) was lower after ~  3 weeks of sleep restriction combined with circadian disruption. We now describe the time course of decline.MethodsThe ~  3-week protocol included two segments: &ldqu...
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
ConclusionIn consequence of this case we are convinced that an untreated obstructive sleep apnea can lead to retropharyngeal hematoma.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Health related quality of life (HRQOL) is a relatively new concept in pediatrics, but it has shown to be extremely important in terms of clinical care, treatment planning, and compliance with medical and behavioral recommendations. Two groups of children who are at risk for impairments in HRQOL are those who have bedwetting and those who snore or have sleep apnea. However, the current study sought to determine whether the combination of monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (MNE) and sleep disordered breathing (SDB) results in diminished HRQOL in a pediatric sample.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Source Type: research
a Richter In western societies, about one in six employees works in shifts. Shiftwork is associated with a number of poor somatic and psychological health outcomes, especially sleep issues. Higher rates of absenteeism and accidents in the workplace are possible consequences. Still, prevention programs and treatment options that are specifically tailored to shift-workers’ needs are rare. We devised a 4-week online cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) intervention (n = 21) and compared sleep outcomes to a face-to-face outpatient treatment for shift-workers (n = 12) using a sleep diary and the Epwor...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
SummaryAccelerometry is a low ‐cost and noninvasive method that has been used to discriminate sleep from wake, however, its utility to detect sleep stages is unclear. We detail the development and comparison of methods which utilise raw, triaxial accelerometry data to classify varying stages of sleep, ranging from sleep/wake d etection to discriminating rapid eye movement sleep, stage one sleep, stage two sleep, deep sleep and wake. First‐ and second‐order hidden Markov models (HMMs) with time‐homogeneous and time‐varying transition probability matrices, along with continuous acceleration observations in the form...
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Statistics - Category: Statistics Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
(Reuters Health) - Family caregivers for dementia patients don't sleep as long or as well as other adults of the same age, a new study suggests.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: This first randomized resistance training trial in pancreatic cancer patients indicated clinically relevant improve- ments in QoL after 3 but not after 6 months. Given the severity of pancreatic cancer, exercise recommendations may already commence at surgery. PMID: 31431236 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research
More News: Cardiology | Education | Heart | History of Medicine | Psychology | Science | Sleep Disorders | Sleep Medicine | Sports Medicine | Training | Universities & Medical Training