Workplace violence in Bangladesh's garment industry

Publication date: Available online 22 June 2019Source: Social Science &MedicineAuthor(s): Andrew Gibbs, Rachel Jewkes, Samantha Willan, Mahfuz Al Mamun, Kausar Parvin, Marat Yu, Ruchira NavedAbstractWorkplace violence (WPV) is widely reported in the Bangladeshi garment industry, impacting women workers' health and wellbeing. We explore factors associated with female workers experience or witnessing of WPV and perpetration by managers, in eight Bangladeshi garment factories. We hypothesise workers' experience of WPV is associated with i) individual factors, potentially impacting productivity (age, depression, length of work, and disability/functional limitations), ii) experience of intimate partner violence (IPV), and iii) factory culture (management styles, and adherence to laws around workers' rights). We hypothesise that managers' perpetration of emotional WPV is associated with their perceptions of female workers (indicated by their patriarchal gender attitudes and hierarchal attitudes), and whether they experience work related stress and burnout. Cross-sectional data were collected from eight self-selecting garment factories in Bangladesh, between September and December 2016 (800 female workers, 395 managers). Data were analysed with multivariable linear regression modelling. In the past four weeks, 73.5% of workers reported experiencing or witnessing physical or emotional WPV, while 63.5% of managers reported perpetrating emotional WPV. Workers' experience or witness...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

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