Social network analysis of group position, popularity, and sleep behaviors among U.S. adolescents
ConclusionPopularity may have hidden costs for girls' sleep, while social isolation seems to be detrimental for boys' sleep. These results suggest that a social network perspective is valuable for studying sleep health and might inform targeted interventions to improve adolescents' sleep outcomes. (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

China's dusty lung crisis: Rural-urban health inequity as social and spatial injustice
Publication date: Available online 23 May 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Lee LiuAbstractThis paper examines the rural-urban inequities in pneumoconiosis (dusty lung) deaths in China from 2002 to 2016 and possible causes for such inequities in the framework of social and spatial justice. The research reveals alarming results that have not been reported before. Pneumoconiosis death rates for rural men increased twice as fast as those among urban men. The rural rates were particularly higher among middle-aged men, but lower in older age groups, as compared to urban rates. There were dramatic increases in ...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Goals for living with a chronic condition: The relevance of temporalities, dispositions, and resources
ConclusionsThe way goals were constructed was structured over time by present experiences superimposed on past experiences and access to resources. These findings help broaden understandings of the tensions between patient and professionals’ goals for living well with chronic conditions and draw attention to the need for structural change to support people to live well with their chronic conditions. (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The impact of the Ethiopian health extension program and health development army on maternal mortality: A synthetic control approach
Publication date: Available online 22 May 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Matthias Rieger, Natascha Wagner, Anagaw Mebratie, Getnet Alemu, Arjun BediAbstractThe Ethiopian government has implemented nationwide strategies to improve access to basic health services and enhance health outcomes. The Health Extension Program (HEP) launched in 2003, expanded basic health infrastructure and local human resources. In 2011, the government introduced the Health Development Army (HDA). HDA is a women-centered community movement inspired by military structures and discipline. Its special objective is to improve mate...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Educational expansion and health disparities in Ethiopia, 2005–2015
Publication date: Available online 23 May 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Jeong Hyun OhAbstractResearch shows that basic education improves population health, yet it remains unclear whether the expansion of primary education decreases health disparities. In this paper, I assess whether disparities in healthcare utilization decreased in conjunction with educational expansion among women of reproductive age in Ethiopia. Healthcare utilization rates in low-resource countries are often confounded with simultaneous developments in education and access to basic healthcare. Using decomposition of rates, I firs...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Community mobilization for rural suicide prevention: Process, learning and behavioral outcomes from Promoting Community Conversations About Research to End Suicide (PC CARES) in Northwest Alaska
Conclusion.PC CARES offers a practical, scalable method for community-based translation of research evidence into selfdetermined, culturally-responsive suicide prevention practice. (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Does pooling health & social care budgets reduce hospital use and lower costs?
Publication date: Available online 23 May 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Jonathan Stokes, Yiu-Shing Lau, Søren Rud Kristensen, Matt SuttonAbstractAn increasing burden of chronic disease and multimorbidity has prompted experimentation with new models of care delivery that aim to improve integration across sectors and reduce overall costs through decreased use of secondary care. One approach to stimulate this change is to pool health and social care budgets to incentivise care delivery in the most efficient location. The Better Care Fund is a large pooled funding initiative gradually taken up by l...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Erratum to “Don't look at it as a miracle cure: Contested notions of success and failure in family narratives of pediatric cochlear implantation” [Soc. Sci. Med. (2019) 117–125]
Publication date: Available online 21 May 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Laura Mauldin (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The social network context of HIV stigma: Population-based, sociocentric network study in rural Uganda
Publication date: Available online 20 May 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Sae Takada, Viola Nyakato, Akihiro Nishi, A. James O'Malley, Bernard Kakuhikire, Jessica M. Perkins, David R. Bangsberg, Nicholas A. Christakis, Alexander C. Tsai (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Investigating the relative value of health and social care related quality of life using a discrete choice experiment
Publication date: Available online 21 May 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Brendan Mulhern, Richard Norman, Richard De Abreu Lourenco, Juliette Malley, Deborah Street, Rosalie VineyAbstractA key outcome in the evaluation of health technologies is the quality adjusted life year (QALY) which is often estimated using health measures such as the EuroQol instruments (EQ-5D-3L and EQ-5D-5L). The impacts of many interventions extend beyond a narrow definition of health to include non-health impacts such as social care related dimensions of quality of life (QoL). This means that there are circumstances where the...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Multi-polar scripts: Techno-regulatory environments and the rise of precision oncology diagnostic tests
Publication date: Available online 21 May 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Alberto Cambrosio, Jonah Campbell, Peter Keating, Pascale BourretAbstractThe paper examines the development and marketing of five multi-gene tests, a.k.a. as tumor signatures, designed to aid clinicians and cancer patients in therapeutic decision-making, and, in particular, to avoid overtreatment. We build on a 2011 paper that investigated the emergence of this new domain by opening the ‘black box’ of two pioneering tests and analyzing the hybrid, scientific-regulatory 'scripts' that were built into them. In subsequent...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Boundary spanning practices of community connectors for engaging ‘hardly reached’ people in health services
We present an approach to this challenge by exploring how health services can tap into the existing boundary spanning activities of community members we term as ‘community connectors’ who undertake valuable boundary work within the community to include people who are hardly reached. We address the research questions: what are the behaviours and characteristics of community connectors?; to what extent are they motivated to help out with health?; and how can health service personnel identify community connectors? We conducted an instrumental case study during 2017 in Victoria, Australia in the catchment area of a...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Plastic diagnostics: The remaking of disease and evidence in personalized medicine
Publication date: Available online 18 May 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Sara Green, Annamaria Carusi, Klaus HoeyerAbstractPolitically authorized reports on personalized and precision medicine stress an urgent need for finer-grained disease categories and faster taxonomic revision, through integration of genomic and phenotypic data. Developing a data-driven taxonomy is, however, not as simple as it sounds. It is often assumed that an integrated data infrastructure is relatively easy to implement in countries that already have highly centralized and digitalized health care systems. Our analysis of initi...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Intervention stigma: How medication-assisted treatment marginalizes patients and providers
This study uses the case of MAT to propose a new category of stigma: “intervention stigma.” Unlike “condition stigmas” that mark individuals due to diagnosis, intervention stigma marks patients and health professionals due to involvement with a medical treatment or other form of intervention. In-depth interviews with 47 addiction treatment professionals explore how individuals working in MAT experience discrimination and prejudice from other healthcare professionals, especially abstinent treatment professionals who disagree with the use of medications to treat opioid use disorders. This discriminati...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of incentives as a tool for prevention of non-communicable diseases: A systematic review
Publication date: Available online 17 May 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Eric A. Finkelstein, Marcel Bilger, Drishti BaidAbstractThe rising epidemic of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) poses substantial health and economic challenges to both individuals and society. Application of incentive-based strategies based on traditional and behavioural economic theory has emerged as a potential strategy to address rising rates of NCDs. Yet, whether or not incentives truly represent a promising strategy for addressing NCDs has not been systematically addressed nor is it clear whether certain behavioural economic...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

When and how do surgeons initiate noticings of additional concerns?
Publication date: Available online 17 May 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Anne Elizabeth Clark WhiteAbstractObjectivePhysicians are trained on how to best solicit additional concerns from patients. What has not yet been studied is when and how physicians initiate additional concerns. This analysis focuses on when and how general surgeons share their noticings of medical problems unrelated to the upcoming (or recent) procedures that patients are being seen for.Methods281 video-recorded medical encounters with 95 patients from a rural Texas (USA) general surgery private practice were reviewed for surgeon ...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

It's MY health care program: Enhancing patient adherence through psychological ownership
ConclusionsOur study underlines the key role played by psychological ownership among patients and provides empirical evidence that a sense of ownership enhances patient adherence (in medical, physical, and dietary terms). The findings are discussed with reference to existing literature on health care management and psychological ownership. (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Last and least: Findings on intrahousehold undernutrition from participatory research in South Asia
Publication date: Available online 17 May 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Erin C. Lentz, Sudha Narayanan, Anuradha DeAbstractWe analyze intrahousehold mechanisms that rural South Asian women themselves identify as contributing to their inabilities to achieve adequate nutrition. The majority of our female respondents explain that, within their families, they are most likely to eat least and last and to seek lower quality healthcare later, both of which can lead to undernutrition. We analyze the explanations that women provide for why they do so. In addition to norm abidance, we highlight two social facto...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

What does it mean to be exposed to suicide?: Suicide exposure, suicide risk and the importance of meaning-making
In this study, we address this gap by examining the role of meaning-making after a suicide death in moderating individual's vulnerability to suicide. We draw on interview data with suicide bereaved individuals in the USA (N = 48), the majority of whom engaged in intense meaning-making processes after their loss. Many reported an increased awareness of suicide as a ‘something that actually happens,’ a realization that impacted their lives and relationships with others (N = 37). For 7 participants, all women, their loss appeared to trigger increased suicidality, as they not only felt overwhelmed by grief,...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Does corruption kill? Evidence from half a century infant mortality data
Publication date: Available online 16 May 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Oguzhan Dincer, Ozgur TeomanAbstractWe investigate the relationship between corruption and infant mortality in Turkey. Our study contributes to the literature in a couple of ways in terms of data and estimation method. First, we construct a novel index of corruption in Turkey based on the stories covered in a major newspaper between the years 1960 and 2010. Second, because we now annual data on corruption covering a period long enough, we investigate the integration properties of the data and estimate the cointegrating relationshi...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Is women's empowerment a pathway to improving child nutrition outcomes in a nutrition-sensitive agriculture program?: Evidence from a randomized controlled trial in Burkina Faso
Publication date: Available online 16 May 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Jessica Heckert, Deanna Olney, Marie RuelAbstractNutrition-sensitive programs in low- and middle-income countries often aim to improve child nutrition outcomes in part by empowering women. Though previous studies have found cross-sectional associations linking women's empowerment and child nutritional status, there is limited empirical evidence supporting the hypothesis that empowering women as part of an intervention will, in turn, improve child nutritional outcomes. We tested this hypothesis using two waves of data from a cluste...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Matters of fact and politics: Generating expectations of cancer screening
Publication date: Available online 17 May 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Kiran Pienaar, Alan Petersen, Diana M. BowmanAbstractMany countries, including Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States have established national screening programs in the effort to advance the early diagnosis of cancers. Australia has population screening programs for breast, bowel and cervical cancers, and this article focuses on breast and cervical cancer screening as the two longest running programs in Australia. While these screening programs are well-established and report relatively high participation rates, the ...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Using the critical incident technique for qualitative process evaluation of interventions: The example of the “Let's move it” trial
ConclusionThe CIT seems a promising approach for directing analysis towards potentially crucial intervention elements as described by the participants themselves, helping in focusing and limiting the text corpus to accounts relevant to change. Qualitative evaluations in trials may add valuable understanding to complement quantitative assessments. (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Women who break the rules: Social exclusion and inequities in pregnancy and childbirth experiences in Zambia
This study is based on 42 semi-structured interviews conducted in June 2018 with women who gave birth in the previous year, across rural and urban clinic sites in Mansa district, Zambia. Findings show that health facility rules regulating women's behaviour during pregnancy and childbirth create inequities in women's maternity experiences. The rules and their application can be understood as a form of social exclusion, discriminating against women with fewer financial and social resources. This study extends existing frameworks of social exclusion by demonstrating that the rules do not only originate in, but also reinforce,...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A gender-focused analysis of structural and social precipitators to child institutionalization in Azerbaijan: A qualitative study
Publication date: Available online 13 May 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Emily Claypool, Leyla IsmayilovaAbstractDeinstitutionalization reforms in the post-Soviet region—the region with the highest rate of institutional care worldwide—are aimed at reducing the number of children in institutions. To develop context-specific gatekeeping strategies and prevent new cohorts of children from entering institutions, it is crucial to understand the local factors that contribute to institutional placement. Using a phenomenological approach, this qualitative study explores the contexts of institutiona...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Measuring perceived mistreatment across diverse social groups: An evaluation of the Everyday Discrimination Scale
ConclusionsOur results urge caution when drawing comparisons of perceived discrimination across diverse social groups based on the EDS and point to avenues for future scale development. (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Occupational variation in burnout among medical staff: Evidence for the stress of higher status
Publication date: Available online 11 May 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Matthew K. Grace, Jane S. VanHeuvelenAbstractContemporary research highlights the serious mental health issues facing physicians and allied health professionals. Yet to date, much of this research has focused on these occupational groups in isolation. Drawing upon data collected from medical staff in a neonatal intensive care unit (N = 222), we address this gap by contrasting the mental health and workplace experiences of four groups of healthcare workers: physicians, nurse practitioners, registered nurses, and respiratory the...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Doing evidence-based medicine? How NHS managers ration high-cost drugs
Publication date: Available online 10 May 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): David Hughes, Shane Doheny (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Declined care and discrimination during the childbirth hospitalization
Publication date: Available online 10 May 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Laura B. Attanasio, Rachel R. HardemanAbstractMany studies have documented poorer patient-provider interactions among people of color compared to Whites, including lower-quality patient-provider communication, less involvement in decision making, and higher chances of perceived discrimination in healthcare encounters. In maternity care, where overuse of medical interventions such as cesarean delivery is a concern, women may try to exert agency by declining procedures. However, declining procedures may brand these women as uncooper...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A reproductive justice approach to understanding women's experiences with HPV and cervical cancer prevention
Publication date: Available online 10 May 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Beth Sundstrom, Ellie Smith, Cara Delay, John Luque, Caroline Davila, Bailey Feder, Vincenza Paddock, Jessie Poudrier, Jennifer Young Pierce, Heather M. BrandtAbstractCervical cancer is a preventable disease. HPV infection has been linked to more than 90% of cervical cancers. A vaccine to prevent the acquisition of HPV has been available since 2006. The purpose of this study was to investigate women's perceptions of cervical cancer prevention, including HPV vaccination. A reproductive justice framework guided data collection and a...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Family structure trajectories and early child health in the UK: Pathways to health
Publication date: Available online 11 May 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Lidia Panico, Melanie Bartley, Yvonne Kelly, Anne McMunn, Amanda SackerAbstractA large body of literature has shown marked differences in the average levels of resources and child well-being across different family structures. Studies have examined cognitive, educational and behavioural outcomes; less is known about differentials in physical health, and about dynamics in early childhood.Furthermore, up to the present time, less emphasis has been placed on describing the underlying mechanisms relating childhood experience of family...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A systematic review of the association between the childhood sexual abuse experiences of mothers and the abuse status of their children: Protection Strategies, Intergenerational transmission, and reactions to the abuse of their children
Publication date: Available online 9 May 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Brittany C.L. Lange, Eileen M. Condon, Frances GardnerAbstractChild sexual abuse (CSA) represents a significant public health concern. Research shows an association between the CSA status of mothers and the abuse status of their children, how they react to the abuse of their children, and behaviors they engage in to protect their children from abuse. However, a systematic review of this literature has yet to be conducted, and this review aimed to fill that gap. Seven databases and search engines were searched for relevant studies f...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: June 2019Source: Social Science & Medicine, Volume 230Author(s): (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Tool of economic development, metric of global health: Promoting planned families and economized life in Nepal
Publication date: Available online 8 May 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Jan BrunsonAbstractIn contemporary global health and development discourses, contraception is cast in multiple roles: an antipoverty tool at the household level, a tool of economic development at the national level, a smart investment with net gains, a means of empowering women, a way of lowering maternal mortality ratios. In order to examine such discursive uses of contraception – and their implications for women – in a concrete way, I use a compelling case of the history of the promotion of planned families in Nepal a...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The impact of employment protection on health: Evidence from fixed-term contract workers in South Korea
Publication date: Available online 4 May 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): WooRam Park, Jisun BaekAbstractIn this paper, we examine the impact of increased employment protection on the self-rated health of workers. We utilize the recent labor reform in South Korea which sharply increased the employment protection level of fixed-term contract workers meeting certain criteria. By applying a difference-in-differences framework to longitudinal data, we explore the causal impact of employment protection. We find that subjective health and perceived job security improved with increased statutory employment prot...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Life expectancy and parental education
This study analyses the relationship between life expectancy and parental education. Based on data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study and survival analysis models, we show that maternal education is related to children's life expectancy – even after controlling for children's own level of education. This applies equally to daughters and sons as well as to children's further life expectancies examined at age 35 to age 65. This pattern is more pronounced for younger cohorts. In most cases, the education of the father is not significantly related to children's life expectancy. Neither the vocational training nor...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Adapting stigma mechanism frameworks to explore complex pathways between intersectional stigma and HIV-related health outcomes among women living with HIV in Canada
Publication date: Available online 2 May 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Carmen H. Logie, Charmaine C. Williams, Ying Wang, Natania Marcus, Mina Kazemi, Lynne Cioppa, Angela Kaida, Kath Webster, Kerrigan Beaver, Alexandra De Pokomandy, Mona Loutfy (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Understanding demand for higher quality sanitation in peri-urban Lusaka, Zambia through stated and revealed preference analysis
Publication date: Available online 2 May 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): James B. Tidwell, Fern Terris-Prestholt, Matthew Quaife, Robert AungerAbstractPoor peri-urban sanitation is a significant public health problem, likely to become more important as the world rapidly urbanizes. However, little is known about the role of consumer demand in increasing peri-urban sanitation quality, especially for tenants using shared sanitation as only their rental choices can be observed in the market. We analyzed data on existing housing markets collected between 9 Jun and 6 Jul 2017 using the Hedonic Pricing Method ...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Job satisfaction and guideline adherence among physicians: Moderating effects of perceived autonomy support and job control
Publication date: Available online 2 May 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Anthony C. Waddimba, David C. Mohr, Howard B. Beckman, Thomas L. Mahoney, Gary J. YoungAbstractValue-based purchasing of physician services aims to incentivize greater adherence to clinical practice guidelines. By increasing job demands, new reimbursement models could adversely affect job satisfaction and, indirectly, clinical performance. Studies of satisfaction-performance associations among healthcare practitioners have yielded inconsistent findings. We investigated whether physicians' perceptions of autonomy support and job con...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Liveable for whom? Prospects of urban liveability to address health inequities
Publication date: Available online 2 May 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Hannah Badland, Jamie PearceAbstractThe aspiration of liveable cities, underpinned by the New Urban Agenda, is gaining popularity as a mechanism to enhance population health and wellbeing. However, less attention has been given to understanding how urban liveability may provide an opportunity to redress health inequities. Using an environmental justice lens, this paper investigates whether urban liveability poses an opportunity or threat to reducing health inequities and outlines a future research agenda. Selected urban liveability...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Putting ‘place’ in its place: Comparing place-based factors in interurban analyses of life expectancy in the United States
Publication date: Available online 1 May 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Chad Frederick, Anna Hammersmith, John Hans GilderbloomAbstractExtant interurban research in life expectancy greatly suffers from an underestimation of the role of place. Place is often conceptualized as a level of geography; this view ignores categorical differences between types of places. In addition, despite advances in theory and research that support their use, many important place-based factors remain under-utilized as control variables. We use multivariate analyses of life expectancy for the top and bottom quartiles of hous...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Appropriated racial oppression: Implications for mental health in Whites and Blacks
Publication date: June 2019Source: Social Science & Medicine, Volume 230Author(s): H. Shellae Versey, Courtney C. Cogburn, Clara L. Wilkins, Nakita JosephAbstractRacism has been examined in its many forms. Scholarship regarding how individuals personally experience, cope with, and manage racial oppression is still developing. The term “appropriated racial oppression” reframes the construct “internalized racism” as a process whereby members of a group appropriate a dominant group's ideology, adapt their behavior, and perceive a subordinate status as deserved, natural, and inevitable. The expressi...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Conceptual analysis of health systems resilience: A scoping review
Publication date: Available online 30 April 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): C. Pailliard Turenne, L. Gautier, S. Degroote, E. Guillard, F. Chabrol, V. RiddeAbstractSystem resilience has long been an area of study, and the term has become increasingly used across different sectors. Studies on resilience in health systems are more recent, multiplying particularly since the 2014 Ebola epidemic in West Africa. World Health Organization (WHO) is calling for national governments to increase the resilience of their health systems. Concepts help define research objects and guide the analysis. Yet to be useful, ...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

“The fear of being Black plus the fear of being gay”: The effects of intersectional stigma on PrEP use among young Black gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men
Publication date: Available online 30 April 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Katherine Quinn, Lisa Bowleg, Julia Dickson-Gomez (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - May 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The roles of non-cognitive and cognitive skills in the life course development of adult health inequalities
Publication date: Available online 30 April 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Jennifer L. Carter, Marcus Richards, Matthew Hotopf, Stephani L. HatchAbstractPrevious research has suggested that greater cognitive skill is protective against the development of socioeconomic health inequalities across the life course, but the relative role of non-cognitive skills has been less investigated in this context. Using the prospective UK 1958 National Child Development Study (N = 18,558), higher factor scores for adolescent non-cognitive skills (NCS; i.e. a combination of work habits and pro-social behaviours) a...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - April 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Income inequality is detrimental to long-term well-being: A large-scale longitudinal investigation in China
ConclusionFindings suggest that income inequality may have long-term adverse effects on well-being in non-Western developing countries, with effects of income inequality on wellbeing moderated by financial wealth. (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - April 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Pursuing dignified food security through novel collaborative governance initiatives: Perceived benefits, tensions and lessons learned
Publication date: Available online 29 April 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Sara Edge, Samantha B. MeyerAbstractFood security governance is broadening and diversifying, resulting in organizations coming together in novel collaborative actions, despite little history of working together. Alternative food initiatives coexist alongside traditional charitable, emergency-based approaches. Tensions can arise between approaches and collaborating organizations due to differences in philosophy, priorities, constraints and practices. There is limited knowledge on how converging interests are interacting with one ...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - April 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Mental health of children held at a United States immigration detention center
Publication date: Available online 29 April 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Sarah A. MacLean, Priscilla O. Agyeman, Joshua Walther, Elizabeth K. Singer, Kim A. Baranowski, Craig L. KatzAbstractRationale; Children held in immigration detention may be at risk for mental health disorders due to the impacts of pre-migration factors, including exposure to violence, their displacement from their home countries, their journey between countries, and the conditions of their detention. Limited research has demonstrated high rates of clinical depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and anxiety disorders...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - April 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

HIV-related care for transgender people: A systematic review of studies from around the world
ConclusionsThe present study is the first systematic review evaluating HIV-related care for transgender people. Data collection is still scarce regarding transgender men and gender diverse people. Worldwide, testing for HIV infection does not necessarily enable access to the HIV continuum of care for transgender populations or even guarantee awareness of HIV seropositivity. (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - April 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Systematic review of the methods used in economic evaluations of targeted physical activity and sedentary behaviour interventions
Publication date: Available online 27 April 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): M. Cochrane, P.,M. Watson, H. Timpson, A. Haycox, B. Collins, L. Jones, A. Martin, L.E.F. GravesAbstractThe burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCD) on health systems worldwide is substantial. Physical inactivity and sedentary behaviour are major risk factors for NCD. Previous attempts to understand the value for money of preventative interventions targeting physically inactive individuals have proved to be challenging due to key methodological challenges associated with the conduct of economic evaluations in public health. A sy...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - April 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research