Reassessing mental illness stigma in mental health care: Competing stigmas and risk containment
This study, calling on 28 interviews with providers treating a wide range of mental problems in varied settings, addresses these issues. Findings reveal that stigma is associated with treatment across settings and severity, although dynamics vary based on the intensity of setting. Mental illness stigma competes with other stigmas in presenting for treatment. Once in treatment, mental health care acts as a stigma-mitigating “stamp” of risk containment for other societal systems and institutions, signifying that risks posed by clients' problems are being officially contained. (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - February 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Media guidelines and suicide: A critical review
This article addresses larger issues on media guidelines and suicide prevention. First, studies on the effects of providing HSR provide little support for a reduction in suicide. Second, research on the effects of other media guidelines often does not report the anticipated reductions in suicide. Third, although research does tend to support an increase in suicide after publicized suicides of celebrities, it does not necessarily happen for all categories of celebrity suicides. Fourth, there has been a lack of integration of (a) research on imitative effects of publicized suicides and (b) content analysis of stories' adhere...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - February 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Exploring the geography of suicide threats and suicide attempts: An application of Risk Terrain Modeling
Publication date: Available online 14 February 2020Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Kim M. LerschAbstractThe purpose of this research is twofold: first, the spatial distribution of 911 emergency calls for service to the police for suicides in progress and threats of suicide in the City of Detroit, Michigan will be explored to determine whether these events exhibit different patterns of spatial clustering. Second, this research will explore the utility of Risk Terrain Modeling (RTM) to assist in our understanding of the locations of calls for service to the police related to suicide threats and suicides in pr...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - February 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Applications & critical reflections on the VANMaN taxonomy
Publication date: Available online 14 February 2020Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Matt MottaAbstractThe VANMaN model provides social scientists with a parsimonious framework for understanding and addressing a wide range of fraudulent health claims, and their behavioral consequences. In this commentary, I demonstrate VANMaN's ability to generate testable corrective health communication messages by applying it to an emerging conspiracy theory; the idea that tick-borne illnesses are the result of failed military bio-terrorism research. I then offer critical reflections on VANMaN that social scientists ought t...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - February 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Building an interdisciplinary framework to advance conceptual and technical aspects of population-environment research focused on women's and children's health
Publication date: Available online 14 February 2020Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Kathryn Grace, Sunnee Billingsley, David Van RiperAbstractGreat gains have been made in providing researchers geo-spatial data that can be combined with population health data. This development is crucial given concerns over the human health outcomes associated with a changing climate. Merging population and environmental data remains both conceptually and technically challenging because of a large range of temporal and spatial scales. Here we propose a framework that addresses and advances both conceptual and technical aspec...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - February 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Mediating effects of self-esteem in the relationship between childhood maltreatment and non-suicidal self-injury among adolescents: The roles of sex and only-child status
ConclusionsChildhood maltreatment is positively correlated with the frequency of NSSI and may be mediated by self-esteem. Interventions aimed at reducing NSSI associated with childhood maltreatment may be enhanced by efforts to strengthen self-esteem, especially in boys and only children. (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - February 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

U.S. county “food swamp” severity and hospitalization rates among adults with diabetes: A nonlinear relationship
This study examines the extent to which “food swamps” are associated with greater rates of hospitalizations for complications among adults with diabetes over time as well as the linearity of this relationship. We conduct a longitudinal county-level analysis of 832 counties across 16 U.S. states in 2010, 2012, and 2014 using data from the USDA Food Environment Atlas and the AHRQ Health Care Cost and Utilization Project State Inpatient Databases. Food swamp severity is measured as the percentage of food outlets in a county that sell primarily unhealthy foods. Hierarchical linear mixed models with county random in...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - February 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effects of objective and subjective environmental pollution on well-being in urban China: A structural equation model approach
Publication date: Available online 15 February 2020Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Fan Li, Tao ZhouAbstractEnvironmental pollution has become an increasingly severe problem in recent years and has aroused extensive concern. However, the influences of environmental factors on human well-being, especially their internal paths and causality, have received little research. Using cross-sectional data from the China Family Panel Studies (CFPS) for 2016, together with data on air, water, and solid waste pollution, this study explored the critical paths and causality of the influences of objective (actual) and subj...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - February 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Reducing mental illness in healthcare settings: Proof of concept for a social contact intervention to address what matters most for primary care providers
Publication date: Available online 15 February 2020Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Brandon A. Kohrt, Elizabeth L. Turner, Sauharda Rai, Anvita Bhardwaj, Kathleen J. Sikkema, Adesewa Adelekun, Manoj Dhakal, Nagendra P. Luitel, Crick Lund, Vikram Patel, Mark J.D. Jordans (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - February 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Race, death of a child, and mortality risk among aging parents in the United States
In this study, we focus on the racial context of the United States to suggest that black parents already face higher mortality rates compared to white parents, and the unequal burden of child death adds to their mortality risk. Using discrete-time event history models, we consider whether the death of a child by midlife is associated with increased mortality risk for black parents and for white parents in mid-to later-life using longitudinal data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS; 1996–2016). Descriptive results show that by midlife, black parents, especially black mothers, experience substantially higher chi...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - February 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Distressed or not distressed? A mixed methods examination of reactions to weight stigma and implications for emotional wellbeing and internalized weight bias
Publication date: Available online 14 February 2020Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Ellen V. Pudney, Mary S. Himmelstein, Rebecca M. Puhl, Gary D. FosterAbstractPeople react to, and are affected by, stigmatizing experiences in different ways. The current study examined different reactions to weight stigma to identify who may be vulnerable to lasting distress from these experiences. Using a mixed methods approach, this study compared qualitative descriptions of reactions to experiences of weight stigma in conjunction with quantitative measures of weight bias internalization (WBI) and other health indices. Dat...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - February 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Immigrant apprehensions and birth outcomes: Evidence from California birth records 2008–2015
This study examines birth outcomes among Latinas following local immigrant apprehensions―48-h holds on suspected undocumented immigrants by local law enforcement―over an 8-year period. County-level apprehensions, scaled to 1000 of the population, were averaged across the third trimester. We analyzed the association between county-level apprehensions and low birth weight (LBW) and preterm birth (PTB) between 2008 and 2015 in California using spline logistic regression models with knots at the quartiles of apprehensions and included covariates, county fixed-effects, and a time propensity variable to account for trend and...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - February 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Social causation or social selection? The longitudinal interrelationship between poverty and depressive symptoms in China
ConclusionsThis study suggested that social causation and social selection may operate concurrently. Proactive interventions, especially ones focusing on modifiable protective factors that our findings identified as mediators in the link between poverty and depression, are urgently needed to break the vicious cycle of poverty and depression and create a virtuous cycle of increasing returns. (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - February 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A disconnected policy network: The UK's response to the Sierra Leone Ebola epidemic
Publication date: Available online 13 February 2020Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): James GeorgalakisAbstractThis paper investigates whether the inclusion of social scientists in the UK policy network that responded to the Ebola crisis in Sierra Leone (2013–16) was a transformational moment in the use of interdisciplinary research. In contrast to the existing literature, that relies heavily on qualitative accounts of the epidemic and ethnography, this study tests the dynamics of the connections between critical actors with quantitative network analysis. This novel approach explores how individuals are ...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - February 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Medical technologies and abortion care in Eastern Uganda
Publication date: February 2020Source: Social Science & Medicine, Volume 247Author(s): Alexander Kagaha, Lenore MandersonAbstractManual Vacuum Aspirators (MVA), Dilation and Curettage (D&C), and medical abortifacients (Misoprostol, Mifepristone and Divabo) are available in clinical settings that offer abortion and post-abortion care in Uganda. While these technologies imply appropriate and safe abortion care, legal and policy ambiguities impact health outcomes. In this article, we draw on an ethnography of abortion care delivery practice conducted in one district in Eastern Uganda between August 2018 and March 2019...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - February 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Pathways to well-being: Untangling the causal relationships among biopsychosocial variables
ConclusionsThe BPS-Pathways model presents a framework that can have important implications for clinical practice, as well as research, and can be useful for tailoring personalized medicine. (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - February 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Credibility work and moral evaluation at the ED
Publication date: Available online 7 February 2020Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Marius WamsiedelAbstractThis paper contributes to the understanding of triage decision making by analyzing the credibility work jointly performed by patients and staff and its contribution to the non-clinical evaluation of clientele. I argue that the assessment of credibility occurs at the intersection between staff-devised typifications and patients' interactional performance, and is mediated by staff's experiential knowledge. In ordinary circumstances, patients can achieve credibility through three interactional strategies: ...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - February 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Health for all? A qualitative study of NGO support to migrants affected by structural violence in northern France
This study used a structural violence lens to explore the provision of health services to migrants in Calais and La Linière in northern France, to contribute to discourse on the effects of structural violence on non-state service providers and migrants in precarious conditions and inform service provision policies.Our qualitative study design used semi-structured key-informant interviews, conducted in summer 2017 with 20 non-governmental service-providers, 13 who had worked in Calais and 7 in La Linière migrant camp. We analysed interviews thematically, using inductive coding.Themes from analysis were: (i) po...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - February 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A methodological rejoinder to “does income relate to health due to psychosocial or material factors?”
Publication date: Available online 8 February 2020Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Oded Stark, Marcin JakubekAbstractThere is a presumption that when an individual's comparison of his income with the incomes of others in his comparison group yields an unfavorable outcome, the individual is dismayed and experiences stress that impinges negatively on his health. In a recent study, Hounkpatin et al. (2016) conduct an inquiry aimed at deciphering which measure of low relative income reflects better the adverse psychosocial effect of low relative income on health. Hounkpatin et al. pit against each other two indi...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - February 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Education and adult health: Is there a causal effect?
Publication date: Available online 7 February 2020Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Pedro Albarrán, Marisa Hidalgo-Hidalgo, Iñigo Iturbe-OrmaetxeAbstractMany studies find a strong positive correlation between education and adult health. A subtler question is whether this correlation can be interpreted as a causal relationship. We combine multi-country data from two cross-sections of the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) survey and use exogenous variation in compulsory years of schooling across countries and cohorts induced by compulsory schooling laws. We find n...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - February 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: February 2020Source: Social Science & Medicine, Volume 246Author(s): (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - February 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Investigating Google's suicide-prevention efforts in celebrity suicides using agent-based testing: A cross-national study in four European countries
ConclusionHigher SPR display rates could support global suicide-prevention efforts at virtually no cost by providing preventive information to vulnerable users precisely at the moment when it is apparently needed. (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - February 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

“Media guidelines and suicide: A critical review.”
This article addresses larger issues on media guidelines and suicide prevention. First, studies on the effects of providing HSR provide little support for a reduction in suicide. Second, research on the effects of other media guidelines often does not report the anticipated reductions in suicide. Third, although research does tend to support an increase in suicide after publicized suicides of celebrities, it does not necessarily happen for all categories of celebrity suicides. Fourth, there has been a lack of integration of (a) research on imitative effects of publicized suicides and (b) content analysis of stories' adhere...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Physician-leaders and hospital performance revisited
Publication date: Available online 5 February 2020Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Florian Kaiser, Andreas Schmid, Jörg SchlüchtermannAbstractReflecting the increasing relevance of quality outcomes for hospital payments, some hospital boards have promoted physicians into top-management positions. So far, however, the literature regarding the impact of physician leadership on care quality or cost is limited. The aim of this study is to examine the link between the educational background of a hospital's CEO and its performance in terms of medical quality and financial success. Examining data of 370 G...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Diversity of adverse childhood experiences among adolescent mothers and the intergenerational transmission of risk to Children's behavior problems
ConclusionUnderstanding the differences in how certain types of childhood adversity are associated with mothers' and their children's later health and well-being will bolster the use of only a sum score of ACEs for both how we research risk and in supporting clinicians to provide targeted care. (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - February 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The jigsaw puzzle of fraudulent health claims: Missing psychological pieces
Publication date: Available online 1 February 2020Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Scott O. Lilienfeld, Candice BasterfieldAbstractFraudulent health claims have become an inescapable fixture of the contemporary information (or misinformation) landscape. MacFarlane, Hurlstone, and Ecker (2020) provided a five-fold framework for conceptualizing susceptibility to fraudulent health claims, and propose potential remedies for each driver of these claims. We build on their analysis by arguing that a complete account of fraudulent health claim susceptibility additionally requires a thoroughgoing consideration of (a)...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - February 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Strife of Interests: Constraints on integrated and co-ordinated comprehensive PHC in Australia
Publication date: Available online 31 January 2020Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Fran Baum, Anna Ziersch, Toby Freeman, Sara Javanparast, Julie Henderson, Tamara MackeanAbstractThe 1978 World Health Organisation Alma Ata Declaration on Primary Health Care (PHC) emphasised a comprehensive view which stressed the importance of cure, prevention, promotion and rehabilitation delivered in a way that involved local communities and considered a social, economic and political perspective on health. Despite this, selective approaches have dominated. This paper asks why this has been the case in Australia through a ...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - February 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The mask of autism: Social camouflaging and impression management as coping/normalization from the perspectives of autistic adults
We present views on the difference between camouflaging and impression management; impression management as a social asset; the ambivalence of camouflaging; the limits of impression management; and autistic forms of social communication that provide an alternative to impression management and camouflaging. These perspectives are discussed as leading from prioritizing social integration to prioritizing autistic empowerment. We further explore how the stigma of autism is turned, through camouflaging, into the mask of autism, offering to deconstruct the neurotypical premises of academically-approved concepts of socialization ...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - February 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Is healthy eating too expensive?: How low-income parents evaluate the cost of food
Publication date: Available online 31 January 2020Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Caitlin DanielAbstractDebates about whether a healthy diet is affordable often overlook how low-income consumers themselves evaluate food cost. This question is relevant to explaining food choices and measuring food prices. Drawing on interviews with 49 low-income primary caregivers and grocery-shopping observations with 34 of these interviewees, I find that respondents judge food cost in two ways: 1) absolute judgments, or assessments of whether a food covers a family's needs with scarce resources and 2) relative judgments, o...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - February 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Seeking health below the radar: Undocumented People's access to healthcare in two Dutch cities
Publication date: Available online 31 January 2020Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Helen M. Hintjens, Karin A. Siegmann, H.J.M. Richard (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - February 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

How organizations shape medical technology allocation: Insulin pumps and pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes
Publication date: Available online 1 February 2020Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Cassidy Puckett, Jenise C. Wong, Tanicia C. Daley, Kristina CossenAbstractAlthough guidelines for prescribing insulin pumps to patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) focus on patient assessment, sociological research shows decision-making is influenced by the organizations within which actors are embedded. However, how organizational context shapes unequal resource allocation by race and class is less well understood. To investigate this, we compare two pediatric endocrinology centers differing in racial and socio-economic equity...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - February 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

About face: Relationalities of ageing and dying in Chinese migrant families
Publication date: Available online 30 January 2020Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Tanya ZivkovicAbstractAdvance care planning is premised on concepts of individual autonomy and self-determination. The standardisation of this individualist approach to decision-making erases the diverse cultural sensibilities and vocabularies that shape trajectories of care. In attempting to redress this exclusion, this paper foregrounds previously overlooked vernaculars and practices for understanding how care for the aged and those approaching the end of life is understood and enacted in Australia's culturally diverse socie...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - January 31, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A novel low-cost method for assessing intra-urban variation in night time light and applications to public health
In conclusion, ISS-based measures of NTL, particularly of blue NTL, are valid indicators of intra-urban variation in NTL for applications in public health. Limitations of, and future directions for, the method are discussed. (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - January 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Annual transition probabilities of overweight and obesity in older adults: Evidence from World Health Organization Study on global AGEing and adult health
Publication date: Available online 28 January 2020Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Stella T. Lartey, Lei Si, Petr Otahal, Barbara de Graaff, Godfred O. Boateng, Richard Berko Biritwum, Nadia Minicuci, Paul Kowal, Costan G. Magnussen, Andrew J. PalmerAbstractOverweight/obesity is becoming increasingly prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa including Ghana. However, transition probabilities, an essential component to develop cost-effective measures for weight management is lacking in this population. We estimated annual transition probabilities between three body mass index (BMI) categories: normal weight (BMI ≥18.5 and 
Source: Social Science and Medicine - January 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The effects of household's climate-related displacement on delivery and postnatal care service utilization in rural Bangladesh
Publication date: Available online 28 January 2020Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Md Rabiul Haque, Nick Parr, Salut MuhidinAbstractExposure to extreme climate events causes population displacement and adversely affects the health of mothers and children in multiple ways. This paper investigates the effects of displacement on whether a child is delivered at a health center, as opposed to at home, and on postnatal care service utilization in Bangladesh. Using cross-sectional survey data from 599 mothers who gave birth in the three years prior to the date of interview, including 278 from households which had p...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - January 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The impact of a syndemic theory-based intervention on HIV transmission risk behaviour among men who have sex with men in India: Findings from a pretest-posttest non-equivalent comparison group trial
Publication date: Available online 27 January 2020Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Venkatesan Chakrapani, Manmeet Kaur, Alexander C. Tsai, Peter A. Newman, Rajesh Kumar (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - January 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Is there evidence of weathering among women seeking fertility treatments?: Evidence and insights
Publication date: Available online 25 January 2020Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Katherine TierneyAbstractRacial disparities in outcomes of assisted reproductive technologies (ART) are well-documented, and evidence of racial disparities in other forms of fertility treatments has also been observed. To date, much of the research on these disparities has focused on individual-level causes. This paper contextualizes these disparities using the weathering hypothesis. Using the National Survey of Family Growth and exploratory analyses of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, this study evaluates...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - January 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Longitudinal associations of psychological resilience with mental health and functioning among military personnel: A meta-analysis of prospective studies
ConclusionsThe current review found no indications that different conceptualizations of psychological resilience across a variety of research designs, are strongly predictive of mental health and functioning among military personnel. Future directions (moderator/mediator models, stressor type specifications, and directionality) for prospective studies are discussed. Our results question the usefulness of interventions to enhance the resilience of soldiers to improve their mental health and functioning. (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - January 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cash transfer programs have differential effects on health: A review of the literature from low and middle-income countries
ConclusionsAccounting for the heterogeneous impacts of cash transfers during program design and evaluation is necessary to better target cash transfer programs and generate more precise data on their effects. (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - January 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Relative deprivation and suicide risk in South Korea
Publication date: Available online 22 January 2020Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Tae-Young Pak, Youngjoo ChoungAbstractPsychosocial stress and the related biochemical response have been hypothesized as a potential mechanism underlying the link between relative deprivation and mortality. While suicide is known as the likely manifestation of severe mental illness, less is known about the effect that relative deprivation has on suicide risk. Using the 2012 to 2018 waves of the Korean Welfare Panel Study, we examined the association between relative deprivation in income and suicide risk among South Koreans ag...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - January 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The collaborative management of antipsychotic medication and its obstacles: A qualitative study
This study is the first GAM initiative in Europe. (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - January 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Medical technologies and abortion Caren in Eastern Uganda
Publication date: Available online 21 January 2020Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Alexander Kagaha, Lenore MandersonAbstractManual Vacuum Aspirators (MVA), Dilation and Curettage (D&C), and medical abortifacients (Misoprostol, Mifepristone and Divabo) are available in clinical settings that offer abortion and post-abortion care in Uganda. While these technologies imply appropriate and safe abortion care, legal and policy ambiguities impact health outcomes. In this article, we draw on an ethnography of abortion care delivery practice conducted in one district in Eastern Uganda between August 2018 and Mar...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - January 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Has the long-term care insurance resolved disparities in mortality for older Koreans? examination of service type and income level
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of LTCI on mortality of elders in South Korea. The data used from the national representative Elderly Cohort Database for 2009 to 2013. We analyzed longitudinal panel data from 61,235 persons aged 65 years and older. We generated Kaplan-Meier survival curves and Cox proportional hazard models by use and type of long-term care services (LTCSs) (e.g., non-user, facility, and in-home benefits) and income level. The covariate-adjusted approximate mortality rates by LTCS type for facility and in-home benefits group compared to non-LTCS users were 0.761 and 0.803, respectively. The approx...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - January 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The management of unequal patient status in fertility medicine: Donors' and intended parents’ experiences of participatory and imposed enrollment
Publication date: Available online 20 January 2020Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Meghna MukherjeeAbstractThis paper explores the micro-dynamics of medicalization and unequal patient statuses across donors and intended parents in assisted fertility practices. Based on twelve months of fieldwork in a fertility clinic, including direct observations of 108 patient-medical expert consultations and interviews with donors, I develop an “epistemic orientation (EO) continuum” to examine the emergence and differing consequences of unequal patient status. Patients who experience practices closer to the &l...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - January 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Epidemiological rage: Population, biography, and state responsibility in trans- health activism
This article examines how social movements reconceptualized trans-health in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Looking ethnographically to medical and activist practice, the article analyzes “epidemiological biographies”, or activist-produced community-based studies blending quantitative and narrative data. It draws on population health, feminist science studies, transgender studies, and social theory to discuss the circulation and implications of these publications. Specifically, it describes how epidemiological biographies disputed health behavioral models by defining state violence and criminalization as primary condi...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - January 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Enhancing implementation of smoke-free places: A comparative qualitative study across seven European cities
ConclusionsThis study found four SF implementation types two mechanisms of progressive expansion and defensive closure. Development and enhancement of smoking bans requires a suitable national policy environment and indirect national-level support of self-governed local initiatives. Future SF policies can be enhanced by laws pertaining to places frequented by minors. (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - January 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Is there scope for mixed markets in the provision of hospital care?
Publication date: Available online 21 January 2020Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Laura Levaggi, Rosella LevaggiAbstractMarket oriented reforms in hospital care have produced a variety of quasi markets that differ for the type of providers that are allowed to compete. Mixed markets, where public hospitals compete alongside private ones, are increasingly common, but the literature does not agree on their performances and their desirability. We review the contributions in this field by proposing a common framework which allows to account for the different approaches proposed to model public hospitals. In this...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - January 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Trust, happiness and mortality: Findings from a prospective US population-based survey
This study, therefore, aims to investigate the effects of generalised trust and happiness on all-cause and cause-specific mortality. The distinction between different causes of death (i.e. cardiovascular vs. cancer-related mortality) allowed us to assess if psychosocial mechanisms could account for associations between generalised trust, happiness and mortality. The study sample was derived from US General Social Survey data from 1978 to 2010 (response rates ranged from 70 to 82 per cent), and combined with death records from the National Death Index. The analytical sample comprised 23,933 individuals with 5382 validated d...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - January 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Suicide prevention is everyone's business: Challenges and opportunities for Google
Publication date: Available online 18 January 2020Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Olivia J. Kirtley, Rory C. O'ConnorAbstractThe internet has become a key frontier for large-scale, public health efforts in suicide prevention. Market-leading technology companies, such as Google, are developing interventions to deliver support information to those experiencing suicidal distress, but the precise technology, i.e. algorithms, behind this are proprietary. This raises important ethical questions regarding whether such large-scale public health interventions for suicide prevention should be happening behind closed ...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - January 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Guidance for behavioural interventions aiming to support family support providers of people with spinal cord injury: A scoping review
ConclusionThe results of this review show that there are many viable behavioural targets for intervention. Therefore, intervention efforts may need to be tailored to individuals' needs. A promising intervention approach may be to use a theory which promotes change in the ecological context of family support providers while encouraging behavioural strategies to overcome individual barriers. Future research should further examine the factors that influence specific behaviours to more comprehensively understand the context of the behaviour as well as effective intervention strategies to promote change. (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - January 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research