Considering social processes when examining mediators of the effects of discrimination on health
Publication date: Available online 17 August 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Elizabeth Brondolo (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - August 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Compulsory Schooling Laws as quasi-experiments for the health effects of education: Revisiting theory to understand mixed results
Publication date: Available online 16 August 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): M. Maria Glymour, JenniferJ. Manly (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - August 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Changing labour market conditions during the ‘great recession’ and mental health in Scotland 2007–2011: An example using the Scottish Longitudinal Study and data for local areas in Scotland
This study also contributes to the renewed research focus on the links between labour market trends and population health, prompted by the recent global economic recession. We report research using the Scottish Longitudinal Study (SLS), a 5.3% representative sample of the Scottish population, derived from census data (https://sls.lscs.ac.uk/). In Scotland (2011) census data include self-reported mental health. SLS data were combined with non-disclosive information from other sources, including spatio-temporal trends in labour market conditions (calculated using trajectory modelling) in the 32 local authority areas in Scotl...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - August 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Risk attitudes of people with ‘manageable’ chronic disease: An analysis under prospect theory
Publication date: Available online 13 August 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Thomas Rouyard, Arthur Attema, Richard Baskerville, Jose Leal, Alastair GrayAbstractHealth promotion interventions can be improved using methods from behavioural economics to identify and target specific decision-making biases at the individual level. In this context, prospect theory provides a suitable framework within which decision-making processes can be operationalised. Focusing on a trade-off between health outcomes and behaviour change incurred by chronic disease management (lifestyle change, or ‘self-management&rs...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - August 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The effect of unstable housing on HIV treatment biomarkers: An instrumental variables approach
Publication date: Available online 13 August 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Omar Galárraga, Aadia Rana, Momotazur Rahman, Mardge Cohen, Adaora A. Adimora, Mirjam-Colette Kempf, Kemi Sosanya, Susan Holman, Seble Kassaye, Joel Milam, Jennifer Cohen, Elizabeth T. Golub, Lisa MetschAbstractUnstable housing, including homelessness, is a public policy concern for all populations, and more critically for people with a serious health condition such as HIV. We measure the effect of unstable housing on HIV treatment biomarkers: viral suppression (viral load 350 cells per μl). We use panel data (199...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - August 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Current and past depressive symptoms and contraceptive effectiveness method selected among women seeking reproductive health services
This study examined how the association between both current and past depressive symptoms and effectiveness level of contraceptive method selected at a clinic visit varies by type of reproductive health visit.MethodsCurrent and past depressive symptoms and contraceptive method selected were assessed among 1215 women aged 18–25 years seeking general reproductive health or abortion services at 40 community clinics throughout the United States. Using standard categories of effectiveness based on pregnancy rates during typical use, women's contraceptive method selected was coded as a low (e.g., no method, withdrawal, con...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - August 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Ageing, loneliness, and the geographic distribution of New Zealand's interRAI-HC cohort
Publication date: Available online 11 August 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Paul Beere, Sally Keeling, Hamish JamiesonAbstractLoneliness is a significant negative predictor of ageing well and a contra-indicator for resilience against requiring long-term residential care. Health geographers can contribute to the loneliness and ageing literature through examining how exposures in the physical and social landscape can affect positive and negative health outcomes. As well as improving individual experiences of ageing, spatial analysis may help to contribute to better understandings of loneliness and help r...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - August 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The impact of different types of informal caregiving on cognitive functioning of older caregivers: Evidence from a longitudinal, population-based study in Germany
This study's aim was to investigate the influence of different caregiving types on cognitive functioning of caregivers aged 65 years and older longitudinally and to look at potential gender differences in this association.MethodData from the German Ageing Survey, a longitudinal population-based study assessing community-dwelling people in Germany, was used. Our sample consisted of participants 65 years and older (waves 2008, 2011 and 2014; N = 6560). Informal caregiving was assessed in terms of three caregiving types (help around the house, looking after someone, performing nursing care services). An adaption of the wi...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - August 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

“Anywhere but here": Querying spatial stigma as a social determinant of health among youth of color accessing LGBTQ services in Chicago's Boystown
Publication date: Available online 4 August 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Jennifer K. Felner, Terry T. Dudley, Jesus Ramirez-VallesAbstractThe link between stigma and negative health outcomes is established, yet available research infrequently considers the complex intersection of place, race, and class-based stigma and how this stigma shapes opportunities and health among marginalized groups. Furthermore, scholarship on the relationship between stigma and health often fails to include the voices of the stigmatized themselves. This exclusion renders their lived-experiences hidden and their insight dev...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - August 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: September 2018Source: Social Science & Medicine, Volume 212Author(s): (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - August 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Community participation in general health initiatives in high and upper-middle income countries: A systematic review exploring the nature of participation, use of theories, contextual drivers and power relations in community participation
Publication date: September 2018Source: Social Science & Medicine, Volume 213Author(s): Fiona Leh Hoon Chuah, Aastha Srivastava, Shweta Rajkumar Singh, Victoria Haldane, Gerald Choon Huat Koh, Chia Kee Seng, David McCoy, Helena Legido-QuigleyAbstractCommunity participation is commonly regarded as pivotal in enabling the success of many health initiatives. However, the theoretical constructs, and evidence about the contextual drivers and relational issues that shape participation is lacking. The aim of this systematic review was to examine the evidence for published academic literature on community participation in rela...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - August 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Why smokers avoid cigarette pack risk messages: Two randomized clinical trials in the United States
Publication date: Available online 31 July 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Marissa G. Hall, Jennifer R. Mendel, Seth M. Noar, Noel T. BrewerAbstractBackgroundMessage avoidance (e.g., trying not to look at the message) may be motivated by reactance, a maladaptive rejection of the message. An alternative view is that avoidance indicates that a message is eliciting fear and other negative affect, thereby increasing the likelihood of behavioral change. We sought to identify which psychological mechanism—reactance or fear and other negative affect—explains message avoidance. We also examined whet...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - August 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Personal subjectivity in clinician recommendations about retirement from sports post-concussion
Publication date: Available online 31 July 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Emily Kroshus, Christine M. Baugh, William P. Meehan, Kasisomayajula ViswanathAbstractBackgroundThere is increasing discussion about the number of concussions after which an athlete should discontinue participating in contact or collision sports, which is a clinically subjective and, in some cases, a preference-sensitive decision.PurposeOur goal was to assess whether there is personal subjectivity in when athletic trainers (ATs) discuss the possibility of sport retirement post-concussion with athletes.MethodsA national sample of ...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 31, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Positive mental health and supportive school environments: A population-level longitudinal study of dispositional optimism and school relationships in early adolescence
ConclusionsThe findings suggest that positive relationship experiences in school are key contributors to positive mental health, over and above the absence of negative relationship experiences (i.e., victimization). These findings also suggest that being embedded in a school with a positive social relational climate contributes to students' current and future positive mental health, over and above individual relationships with peers and adults. The present research extends previous research by identifying contextual assets that are linked to dispositional optimism and can be applied in the context of school-based intervent...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 30, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Inequality in access to health care, health insurance and the role of supply factors
Publication date: Available online 29 July 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Meliyanni Johar, Prastuti Soewondo, Retno Pujisubekti, Harsa Kunthara Satrio, Ardi AdjiAbstractWhile disparities in access to health services by different economic groups have been well documented, much less is known about the factors that are contributing to these disparities. In this paper, we take the case of Indonesia, which has the six-worst wealth inequality in the world. The data is derived from the national socio-economic survey from 2011 to 2016, giving a total sample of over 5.5 million individuals. We find that only ac...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The developmental origins of health and disease in international perspective
Publication date: Available online 29 July 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Steven A. Haas, Katsuya OiAbstractThe developmental origins of health and disease and the comparative international approach are two important strands of research exploring population health. Despite the potential insights to be gained from integrating the two approaches, their nexus remains an underexplored frontier. The current study investigates international variation in the early life origins of health among aging cohorts in 13 countries. We examine cross-national differences in exposure to poor childhood health and socioeco...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Using path analysis to investigate the relationships between standardized instruments that measure health-related quality of life, capability wellbeing and subjective wellbeing: An application in the context of spinal cord injury
This study highlights the different impacts of secondary health conditions on HRQoL, capability and SWB in the context of SCI. While the greatest impact was observed on individuals' HRQoL, our results provide further evidence that capability wellbeing (here, the ICECAP-A) adds complementary information about outcomes that could be used in economic evaluation. (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Policing the profession? Regulatory reform, restratification and the emergence of Responsible Officers as a new locus of power in UK medicine
Publication date: Available online 27 July 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): M. Bryce, K. Luscombe, A. Boyd, A. Tazzyman, J. Tredinnick-Rowe, K. Walshe, J. ArcherAbstractDoctors' work and the changing, contested meanings of medical professionalism have long been a focus for sociological research. Much recent attention has focused on those doctors working at the interface between healthcare management and medical practice, with such ‘hybrid’ doctor-managers providing valuable analytical material for exploring changes in how medical professionalism is understood. In the United Kingdom, significa...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 28, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A mixed methods systematic review of studies examining the relationship between housing and health for people from refugee and asylum seeking backgrounds
Publication date: Available online 27 July 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Anna Ziersch, Clemence DueAbstractHousing is an important social determinant of health and a key element of refugee integration into countries of resettlement. However, the way in which housing may affect mental and physical health for refugees and asylum seekers has not been systematically examined. This systematic review aimed to explore the effects of housing on health and wellbeing for this population, in order to identify key pathways for public health interventions. The review was undertaken following the Preferred Reportin...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 28, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The use of video vignettes to measure health worker knowledge. Evidence from Burkina Faso
Publication date: Available online 27 July 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Sheheryar Banuri, Damien de Walque, Philip Keefer, Haidara Ousmane Diadie, Paul Jacob Robyn, Maurice YeAbstractThe quality of care is a crucial determinant of good health outcomes, but is difficult to measure. Survey vignettes are a standard approach to measuring medical knowledge among health care providers. Given that written vignettes or knowledge tests may be too removed from clinical practice, particularly where “learning by doing” may be an important form of training, we developed a new type of provider vignette...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Between empowerment and self-discipline: Governing patients' conduct through technological self-care
Publication date: Available online 26 July 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Dimitra Petrakaki, Eva Hilberg, Justin WaringAbstractRecent health policy renders patients increasingly responsible for managing their health via digital technology such as health apps and online patient platforms. This paper discusses underlying tensions between empowerment and self-discipline embodied in discourses of technological self-care. It presents findings from documentary analysis and interviews with key players in the English digital health context including policy makers, health designers and patient organisations. We...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Six dimensions of research trial acceptability: How much, what, when, in what circumstances, to whom and why?
We describe these variations in relation to six dimensions of acceptability: how acceptable the trial is, what aspects are acceptable, changes over time, circumstances affecting acceptability, variations between people, and reasons for participation or non-participation.The findings illustrate the difficulty of determining whether a trial is sufficiently acceptable to potential participants. We suggest that clarifying definitions of acceptability and examining how acceptability varies in degree, between trial components, over time, and between people and contexts may help researchers generate more nuanced descriptions of a...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Overconfidence and the discounting of expertise: A commentary
Publication date: Available online 25 July 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Salil Benegal (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Towards an integrated framework for understanding the links between inequalities and wellbeing of places in low and middle income countries
Publication date: Available online 24 July 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Joseph Kangmennaang, Susan J. ElliottAbstractAs part of a larger research programme undertaking the development of a global index of wellbeing (GLOWING) through the exploration of population wellbeing in low to middle income countries (LMICs), this paper examines the role of inequality in shaping experiences of wellbeing. The paper explores various conceptualizations of wellbeing and inequality and outlines an integrated framework for understanding the importance of measuring the wellbeing of places. We conclude by urging geograp...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Global environmental change in an aging world: The role of space, place and scale
Publication date: Available online 24 July 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Andrea Rishworth, Susan ElliottAbstract‘Space’ and ‘aging in place’ are central concepts in the geography of aging. Yet little geographic work compares aging across or within places globally, with a virtual disregard to aging in low and middle income countries. With aging now an axiomatic backdrop for research and policy on 21st century populations, this paper explores how space and place are used in theory and practice within the geography of aging. Drawing from literature within the discipline, this pape...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Social capital interventions in public health: A systematic review
Publication date: September 2018Source: Social Science & Medicine, Volume 212Author(s): E. Villalonga-Olives, T.R. Wind, I. KawachiAbstractDespite two decades of research on social capital and health, intervention studies remain scarce. We performed a systematic review on social capital interventions in public health and searched the Pubmed and PsychInfo databases. The majority of interventions we identified focused on individual level change (e.g. encouraging social participation), as opposed to community level change. We included 17 manuscripts in the systematic review. We categorized studies according to the role of...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Frailty in older-age European migrants: Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses of the Survey of Health, Aging and Retirement in Europe (SHARE)
We examined whether associations differed by countries' level of healthcare coverage and access for migrants and tested mediation by home-ownership and citizenship. Cross-sectionally, first-generation migrants>50 years old were, on average, 16.4% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 14.6, 18.2%) frailer than non-migrants after confounder-adjustment. This decreased to 12.1% (95% CI: 10.1, 14.1%) after adjustment for citizenship. The strength of association between migrant status and frailty was greater in migrants from low-or-middle-income countries, compared with migrants from high-income countries. Migrants into Northern, We...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Culturally-specific productive engagement and self-rated health among Taiwanese older adults
This study first revealed the culturally-prioritized types of family-related engagement (i.e., emotional support for adult children and leisure care for grandchildren) and several types of community-related engagement were significantly and positively related to self-rated health, whereas employment, financial and instrumental types of support/grandparenting, and volunteering were not. Second, this study indicated that the previously understudied psychosocial mechanisms (i.e., resilience, sense of control, making new friends, and schedule compliance) partially accounted for the association between productive engagement and...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Education is the antidote: Individual- and community-level effects of maternal education on child immunizations in Nigeria
Publication date: Available online 21 July 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Rebekah Burroway, Andrew HargroveAbstractNigeria is an interesting case study because it outperforms other lower middle-income countries in economic development, yet ranks among the lowest in the world in immunization coverage rates. Combining multi-level modeling with spatial data techniques, this study investigates the individual- and community-level factors that influence the likelihood that a child is fully immunized, underscoring the importance of maternal education for improving child health. Drawing on data from the Demogr...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The reasoned action approach applied to health behavior: Role of past behavior and tests of some key moderators using meta-analytic structural equation modeling
ConclusionFindings indicate a prominent role for habitual processes in determining health behavior and inclusion of past behavior in RAA tests is important to yield precise estimates of model effects. (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

It's the mother!: How assumptions about the causal primacy of maternal effects influence research on the developmental origins of health and disease
Publication date: Available online 21 July 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Gemma C. Sharp, Deborah A. Lawlor, Sarah S. RichardsonAbstractResearch on the developmental origins of health and disease (DOHaD) has traditionally focussed on how maternal exposures around the time of pregnancy might influence offspring health and risk of disease. We acknowledge that for some exposures this is likely to be correct, but argue that the focus on maternal pregnancy effects also reflects implicit and deeply-held assumptions that 1) causal early life exposures are primarily transmitted via maternal traits or exposures...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Pathogenic or health-promoting? How food is framed in healthy living media for women
Publication date: Available online 21 July 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Alexandra RodneyAbstractIn this paper, I investigate the contribution of healthy living blogs to discourse about healthy eating, seeking to understand how blogs compare to mass-media magazine sources. This is done by comparatively analysing 459 healthy living blog posts and 141 health and fitness magazine articles. These were collected between 2011 and 2013 and provide rich data about what food content looks like in media designed for an audience of American women. I analyze how each source establishes the purpose of healthy eati...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Healthy behaviours and productive activities among Thai older adults: A repeated cross-sectional analysis
This study calls for a consistent set of multiple-behaviour interventions to promote healthy and productive ageing. (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Supporting active school travel: A qualitative analysis of implementing a regional Safe Routes to school program
Publication date: Available online 20 July 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Adrian Buttazzoni, Stephanie E. Coen, Jason A. GillilandAbstractPhysical inactivity among children is a significant public health concern. Active school travel (AST) methods, such as walking and wheeling to school, can be a valuable way to increase children's levels of daily physical activity. In Canada, Active and Safe Routes to School (ASRTS), a national health promotion initiative, has led the campaign for AST through its flagship School Travel Plan (STP) program. At present little is known about the on-the-ground implementati...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Patient-centredness versus achieving public health targets: A challenge for tuberculosis control
Publication date: September 2018Source: Social Science & Medicine, Volume 212Author(s): Mishal S. Khan, Sonia Rego (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

How does psychiatric diagnosis affect young people's self-concept and social identity? A systematic review and synthesis of the qualitative literature
Publication date: September 2018Source: Social Science & Medicine, Volume 212Author(s): Cliodhna O'Connor, Irini Kadianaki, Kristen Maunder, Fiona McNicholasAbstractReceiving a psychiatric diagnosis in childhood or adolescence can have numerous social, emotional and practical repercussions. Among the most important of these are the implications for a young person's self-concept and social identity. To ensure diagnoses are communicated and managed in a way that optimally benefits mental health trajectories, understanding young people's first-hand experience of living with a diagnosis is paramount. This systematic review...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

How and why studies disagree about the effects of education on health: A systematic review and meta-analysis of studies of compulsory schooling laws
Publication date: September 2018Source: Social Science & Medicine, Volume 212Author(s): Rita Hamad, Holly Elser, Duy C. Tran, David H. Rehkopf, Steven N. GoodmanAbstractRich literatures across multiple disciplines document the association between increased educational attainment and improved health. While quasi-experimental studies have exploited variation in educational policies to more rigorously estimate the health effects of education, there remains disagreement about whether education and health are causally linked. The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to characterize this lit...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

“We have to be mythbusters”: Clinician attitudes about the legitimacy of patient concerns and dissatisfaction with contraception
This study uses in-depth interviews with reproductive healthcare providers (N = 24) to examine their attitudes about common complaints regarding hormonal birth control. I identify how their reliance on formal medical knowledge, including evidence-based models, can lead them to frame patients' experiences or concerns about side effects as “myths” or “misconceptions” to be corrected rather than legitimized. I also describe a pattern of providers portraying negative side effects as normal to contraception and therefore encouraging patients to “stick with” methods despite dissatisfaction...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Rural - urban differences in determinants of patient satisfaction with primary care
Publication date: September 2018Source: Social Science & Medicine, Volume 212Author(s): Ines Weinhold, Sebastian GurtnerAbstractIn light of the rising regional inequalities in primary care provider supply, to ensure equitable access is a pressing issue in health policy. Most policy approaches fall short in considering the patient perspective when defining shortage areas. As a consequence, implementations of new service delivery models might fail to be responsive to patients' expectations. To explore regional differences in the relative importance of structure and process attributes as drivers of patient satisfaction wi...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

“Like you failed at life”: Debt, health and neoliberal subjectivity
Publication date: September 2018Source: Social Science & Medicine, Volume 212Author(s): Elizabeth SweetAbstractThe need to more explicitly incorporate political economy and neoliberalism into research on social inequalities in health has been acknowledged across disciplines. This paper explores neoliberalism as it relates to consumer financial debt and internalized feelings of personal responsibility and failure for adults in Boston, Massachusetts. Using data from a mixed-methods study (n = 286), findings show that endorsing a neoliberalized view of personal debt as failure is associated with significantly worse he...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

An interpretative phenomenological analysis of young people's self-harm in the context of interpersonal stressors and supports: Parents, peers, and clinical services
ConclusionParents and peers play a key role in both precipitating self-harm and in supporting young people who self-harm. The identified themes, and the apparent inter-relationships between them, illustrate the complexity of self-harm experienced in the context of interpersonal difficulties, supports, and emotions. These results have implications for improving support from both informal and clinical sources. (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Productive aging in India
Publication date: Available online 19 July 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Abhijit Visaria, Premchand DommarajuAbstractWith its sociocultural, institutional, and demographic contexts, India offers a unique opportunity to study the dynamics and experiences of aging, especially as it is poised to have a large increase in the number of persons aged 60 and above in the next half a century. In this paper, we focus on the concept of productive ageing that emphasizes the active participation of older persons in society. We examine the correlates of productive aging in India, drawing on data from the Building K...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 20, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Leveraging smallholder livestock production to reduce anemia: A qualitative study of three agroecological zones in Ghana
Publication date: Available online 19 July 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Hanson Nyantakyi-Frimpong, Esi K. Colecraft, Raphael Baffour Awuah, Leonard Kofi Adjorlolo, Mark L. Wilson, Andrew D. JonesAbstractLivestock production and Animal-Source Foods (ASFs) like meat, milk, and eggs are excellent sources of essential micronutrients, including iron and zinc. There is evidence that encouraging increased access to and consumption of these ASFs may either positively or negatively impact anemia, or have no nutritional effects. Drawing upon first-hand experiences in Ghana, this study sought to: (1) identify t...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 20, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Community-engaged development of a gis-based healthfulness index to shape health equity solutions
Publication date: Available online 19 July 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Richard C. Sadler, Christopher Hippensteel, Victoria Nelson, Ella Greene-Moton, C. Debra Furr-HoldenAbstractAddressing health disparities requires both community engagement and an understanding of the social determinants of health. Although elements of the built environment can influence behavior change in public health interventions, such determinants have not been explicitly teased out via participatory mapping. An opportunity exists to integrate community voice in the development of such metrics. To fill this gap and inform th...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 20, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Special Issue Introduction: Place, Migration and Health
Publication date: Available online 17 September 2012Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Dolores Acevedo-Garcia (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

What can be achieved with a single-payer NHI system: The case of Taiwan
Publication date: Available online 7 December 2016Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): William C. Hsiao, Shou-Hsia Cheng, Winnie YipAbstractThe United Nations has incorporated the noble goal of Universal Health Coverage (UHC) in its 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Most nations have already embraced UHC as their goal. However, an intense policy debate has risen about which health system structure can best achieve UHC. Is a single-payer system more efficient, equitable and effective than a multiple-payer system for middle income countries? We argue that empirical evidence and in-depth analysis of single-p...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Does more education cause lower BMI, or do lower-BMI individuals become more educated? Evidence from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979
Publication date: Available online 21 March 2017Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Rebecca Benson, Paul T. von Hippel, Jamie L. LynchAbstractMore educated adults have lower average body mass index (BMI). This may be due to selection, if adolescents with lower BMI attain higher levels of education, or it may be due to causation, if higher educational attainment reduces BMI gain in adulthood. We test for selection and causation in the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979, which has followed a representative US cohort from age 14–22 in 1979 through age 47–55 in 2012. Using ordinal logistic regre...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Learning from failure? Political expediency, evidence, and inaction in global maternal health
Publication date: Available online 17 May 2017Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Zubia Mumtaz, Alyssa Ferguson, Afshan Bhatti, Sarah Salway (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Trauma and the structuring of complex care: Back to the settlements? Commentary on Thompson-Lastad et al. (2017)
Publication date: Available online 19 August 2017Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Elizabeth A. Bowen (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Proxy administration: A proxy for whom?
Publication date: Available online 17 September 2017Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Nicky Britten (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research