Intergenerational transmission of gender social norms and teenage smoking
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Núria Rodríguez-Planas, Anna Sanz-de-GaldeanoAbstractThis paper provides evidence of different teenage-smoking dynamics between genders with social progression. In particular, we find that descending from more gender-equal societies makes girls relatively more prone to smoke than those from less gender-equal societies relative to their male counterparts. Using data from over 6000 s-generation immigrant teenagers sharing culture and institutions from one host country (Spain) but coming from 45 different countri...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - November 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

How neighborhoods matter in fatal interactions between police and men of color
This article addresses the concern that death by legal intervention is a health outcome disproportionately experienced by boys and men of color, and predicated on the quality of the locations in which encounters with law enforcement occur. Using a more comprehensive cross-verified sample of police homicides from online databases and a nationally representative sample of law enforcement agencies, this study examines whether neighborhood social disorganization, minority threat, and defense of inequality theories help explain the odds that males of color will have a fatal interaction with police (FIP). There are several notew...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - November 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Proximity effects in obesity rates in the US: A Spatial Markov Chains approach
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Massimiliano Agovino, Alessandro Crociata, Pier Luigi SaccoAbstractIn this paper, we investigate, by means of a Spatial Markov Chains approach, the existence of proximity effects at State level for US data on obesity rates in the period 1990–2011. We find that proximity effects do play an important role in the spatial diffusion of obesity (the obesity ‘epidemics’), and that the actual health geography of nearby States in terms of high vs. low obesity rates makes an important difference as to the future evolu...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - November 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Aging well in an aging world: The impact of material conditions, culture, and societal disruptions
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Lindsey Peterson, Margaret RalstonAbstractThe world's population is aging, but quality of life in older adulthood is unequally distributed. Using measures of self-rated health and subjective well-being from Wave 6 (2010–2014) of the World Values Survey, we examine the individual and social factors that shape older adulthood in 57 countries. In addition to examining inequalities in health and well-being for older adults between countries, we examine the differences between older (50 and over) and younger adults (under 50...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - November 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: December 2018Source: Social Science & Medicine, Volume 219Author(s): (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - November 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Hearing loss, family status and mortality – Findings from the HUNT study, Norway
Publication date: Available online 13 November 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Bo Engdahl, Mariann Idstad, Vegard SkirbekkAbstractHearing loss as well as being single has been associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality. The purpose of the study is to assess whether being single or childless moderates the elevated risk of mortality in hearing impaired. The Nord-Trøndelag hearing Loss Study examined 50,462 persons above 20 years of age during 1996–1998. The Norwegian Cause of Death Registry was used to identify deaths until 2016. Data on marital status was obtained from the Norw...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - November 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A spatial analysis of health status in Britain, 1991–2011
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Emily Dearden, Chris Lloyd, Gemma CatneyAbstractUsing Census-derived data for consistent spatial units, this paper explores how the population of Britain in 1991, 2001 and 2011 was spatially structured by self-reported health including exploring the trajectories of change. This paper uses consistent small area units to examine the changing spatial structure of census-derived Limiting, Long-Term Illness (LLTI) in Britain over the twenty year period and utilises the 2011 Office for National Statistics Output Area Classification...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - November 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Online comments about psychiatric neurosurgery and psychopharmacological interventions: Public perceptions and concerns
This study offers new empirical neuroethical insights into how the public responds to the use and development of psychiatric technological interventions by comparing how the public evaluates pharmacological and neurosurgical psychiatric interventions, in the context of online comments on news media articles about these topics. We analyzed 1142 comments from 108 articles dealing with psychopharmacological and psychiatric neurosurgery interventions on websites of major circulation USA newspapers and magazines published between 2005 and 2015. Personal anecdote, medical professional issues, medicalization, social issues, disad...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - November 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

How a woman's interpersonal relationships can delay care-seeking and access during the maternity period in rural Zambia: An intersection of the Social Ecological Model with the Three Delays Framework
This study explores how the individuals closest to a pregnant woman in rural Zambia can influence a woman's decision to seek and her ability to access timely maternity care. At four rural health centers, a free listing (n = 167) exercise was conducted with mothers, fathers, and community elders. Focus group discussions (FGD) (n = 135) were conducted with mothers, fathers, mothers-in-law, and community health workers (CHWs) to triangulate findings. We analyzed the FGD data against a framework that overlaid the Three Delays Framework and the Social Ecological Model. Respondents cited husbands, female relatives, and C...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - November 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Enabling local public health adaptation to climate change
Publication date: Available online 9 November 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Stephanie E. Austin, James D. Ford, Lea Berrang-Ford, Robbert Biesbroek, Nancy A. RossAbstractLocal public health authorities often lack the capacity to adapt to climate change, despite being on the ‘front lines’ of climate impacts. Upper-level governments are well positioned to create an enabling environment for adaptation and build local public health authorities' capacity, yet adaptation literature has not specified how upper-level governments can build local-level adaptive capacity. In this paper we examine how...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - November 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A behavior-theoretic evaluation of values clarification on parental beliefs and intentions toward genomic sequencing for newborns
Publication date: Available online 9 November 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Ryan S. Paquin, Susana Peinado, Megan A. Lewis, Barbara B. Biesecker, Christine Rini, Myra Roche, Rita M. Butterfield, Cynthia M. Powell, Jonathan S. Berg, Donald B. BaileyAbstractDecision aids commonly include values clarification exercises to help people consider which aspects of a choice matter most to them, and to help them make decisions that are congruent with their personal values and preferences. Using a randomized online experiment, we examined the influence of values clarification on parental beliefs and intentions a...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - November 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Genetic effects and gene-by-education interactions on episodic memory performance and decline in an aging population
Publication date: Available online 10 November 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Jennifer A. Smith, Minjung Kho, Wei Zhao, Miao Yu, Colter Mitchell, Jessica D. FaulAbstractBoth social and genetic factors contribute to cognitive impairment and decline, yet genetic factors identified through genome-wide association studies (GWAS) explain only a small portion of trait variability. This “missing heritability” may be due to rare, potentially functional, genetic variants not assessed by GWAS, as well as gene-by-social factor interactions not explicitly modeled. Gene-by-social factor interactions may...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - November 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Agents and spectres: Life-space on a medium secure forensic psychiatric unit
Publication date: Available online 10 November 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): P. Reavey, S.D. Brown, A. Kanyeredzi, L. McGrath, I. TuckerAbstractMedium secure forensic psychiatric units are unique environments within the broader ‘post asylum’ landscape of mental health services. Length of stay is much greater, a recovery-focused care system is much more difficult to implement, and there is a paucity of suitable “step-down” services. The aim of this study was to examine how forensic psychiatric environments contribute to the shaping of recovery, by examining key features such as ...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - November 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Affective response to physical activity as an intermediate phenotype
Publication date: Available online 10 November 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Harold H. Lee, Jessica A. Emerson, Lauren Connell Bohlen, David M. WilliamsAbstractOver the past seventy years, biomedical and epidemiological research has shown that regular physical activity (PA) is critical for physical and mental health. Despite this knowledge, physical inactivity is the fourth leading risk factor for global mortality, accounting for 9% (5.3 million) of premature deaths annually. We suggest this mismatch between knowing about the risks of PA and engaging in regular PA can be reconciled by focusing less on...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - November 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The application of ‘valence’ to the idea of household food insecurity in Canada
Publication date: Available online 10 November 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Lynn McIntyre, Patrick B. Patterson, Catherine L. MahAbstractHousehold food insecurity (HFI), lack of access to adequate food due to financial constraint, has been studied extensively in Canada and is well-recognized for its negative impacts on population health. Despite considerable high-level political recognition, the issue has evoked little substantive policy deliberation. We suggest that Béland and Cox's recently articulated construct of ‘valence’ may be useful in examining why the idea of HFI has moti...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - November 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Self-reported versus GPS-derived indicators of daily mobility in a sample of healthy older adults
Publication date: Available online 9 November 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Michelle Pasquale Fillekes, Christina Röcke, Marko Katana, Robert WeibelAbstractIn light of novel opportunities to use sensor data to observe individuals' day-to-day mobility in the context of healthy aging research, it is important to understand how meaningful mobility indicators can be extracted from such data and to which degree these sensor-derived indicators are comparable to corresponding self-reports. We used sensor (GPS and accelerometer) and self-reported data from 27 healthy older adults (≥67 years) who parti...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - November 9, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The effect of group involvement on post-disaster mental health: A longitudinal multilevel analysis
Publication date: Available online 7 November 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): H. Colin Gallagher, Karen Block, Lisa Gibbs, David Forbes, Dean Lusher, Robyn Molyneaux, John Richardson, Philippa Pattison, Colin MacDougall, Richard A. BryantAbstractInvolvement in voluntary associations is a key form of social capital and plays an especially important role following disaster, acting as a venue for coordination and decision-making for the wider community. Yet, little attention has been paid to how group involvement affects mental health, at either the individual or community level. The aim of this study was ...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - November 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Education system stratification and health complaints among school-aged children
This study aimed to investigate if education system stratification is related to self-reported psychological and somatic health complaints of pupils aged 11 to 15, and social inequalities in such health complaints.Survey data from the Health Behaviors of School-aged Children (HBSC) survey, covering 33 countries and more than 180 000 pupils in primary and lower secondary school, were used. Multilevel models showed that education system stratification was not associated with the average levels of health complaints of pupils, but cross-level interaction effects showed that stratification moderated the relationship between s...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - November 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Father departure and children's mental health: How does timing matter?
Publication date: Available online 8 November 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Emla Fitzsimons, Aase VilladsenAbstractFather's permanent departure from the household in childhood has the potential to affect child mental health. The event is non-random, and a major limitation in most previous studies is lack of adequate control for unobserved confounders. Using five waves of data spanning ages 3 to 14 from the Millennium Cohort Study, a UK-wide nationally representative longitudinal study, this paper uses fixed effect models to examine the effect of paternal absence on children's mental health (i.e. exter...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - November 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cancer risk in socially marginalised women: An exploratory study
ConclusionWomen in this study were at high risk of cancer, but it would be better to understand these risk factors as markers of distress and duress. Without appreciating the wider determinants of health and systemic disadvantage of marginalised groups, and addressing these with a structural rather than an individual response, we risk increasing cancer inequities by failing those who are in the greatest need. (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - November 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Testosterone, risk, and socioeconomic position in British men: Exploring causal directionality
Publication date: Available online 5 November 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Amanda Hughes, Meena KumariAbstractLower testosterone levels in men are observationally associated with worse health, but it is unclear whether they contribute to well-established social gradients in health. Mendelian Randomization studies suggest positive testosterone-health associations may not be causal, with some intervention studies suggesting testosterone administration could be harmful. Since testosterone is rarely measured in general population studies, very little is known about how testosterone varies by social posit...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - November 6, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

How can we evaluate the cost-effectiveness of health system strengthening? A typology and illustrations
Publication date: Available online 3 November 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): K. Hauck, A. Morton, K. Chalkidou, Y-Ling Chi, A. Culyer, C. Levin, R. Meacock, M. Over, R. Thomas, A. Vassall, S. Verguet, P.C. SmithAbstractHealth interventions often depend on a complex system of human and capital infrastructure that is shared with other interventions, in the form of service delivery platforms, such as healthcare facilities, hospitals, or community services. Most forms of health system strengthening seek to improve the efficiency or effectiveness of such delivery platforms. This paper presents a typology of...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - November 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Can information increase the understanding and uptake of insurance? Lessons from a randomized experiment in rural Burkina Faso
Publication date: Available online 2 November 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Fadima Bocoum, Michael Grimm, Renate Hartwig, Nathalie ZongoAbstractCommunity Based Health Insurance Schemes are often confronted to very low uptake. We analyze the impact of a randomized information package on the understanding and adoption of Community Based Health Insurance in Burkina Faso. The sample consists of about 2000 households in the rural community of Ziniaré which we interviewed several times between 2013 and 2016. In contrast to previous studies in the literature, we assess the effects of an intensive info...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - November 3, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

SNAP benefits and childhood asthma
Publication date: Available online 2 November 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Colleen Heflin, Irma Arteaga, Leslie Hodges, Felix Ndashiyme, Matthew P. RabbittAbstractAnecdotal and descriptive evidence has led to the claim that some low-income households may face a “eat or breathe” tradeoff but quantitative evidence is scarce. We link Medicaid claims data to monthly Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program (SNAP) participation data from the state of Missouri from 2010 to 2013 to explore monthly patterns in children's emergency room (ER) claims for asthma and to examine whether these patter...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - November 3, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The impact of Ethiopia's pilot community based health insurance scheme on healthcare utilization and cost of care
Publication date: Available online 2 November 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Anagaw D. Mebratie, Robert Sparrow, Zelalem Yilma, Degnet Abebaw, Getnet Alemu, Arjun S. BediAbstractIn June 2011, the Government of Ethiopia introduced a pilot Community Based Health Insurance (CBHI) scheme in rural parts of the country. Based on a fixed effects analysis of household panel data, this paper assesses the impact of the scheme on utilization of modern healthcare and the cost of accessing healthcare. It adds to the relatively small body of work that provides a rigorous evaluation of CBHI schemes. We find that in t...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - November 3, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Measuring management practices in India's district public health bureaucracy
We report on the development of a tool to measure management practices in India's district health bureaucracy. We first developed a conceptual framework based on a review of the literature and qualitative interviews with district public health managers. Across 16 management practices, we then drafted and piloted questions to be used with a scoring grid to evaluate process-orientated management practices. We implemented the tool in 34 districts of Maharashtra between April and July 2016, interviewing up to three district public health managers per district (n = 99). Using rigorous psychometric methods, we assessed the a...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - November 3, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

France's citizen consultation on vaccination and the challenges of participatory democracy in health
ConclusionsPublic health officials must be aware that when trying to increase democratic participation into their decision-making process, how they balance inputs from the various actors and how they frame the discussion determine whether this initiative will provide meaningful information and democratic legitimacy. (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - November 3, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Revisiting ‘awareness contexts’ in the 21st century hospital: How fragmented and specialized care shape patients' Awareness of Dying
Publication date: Available online 1 November 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Clare L. Stacey, Manacy Pai, Meghan A. Novisky, Steven RadwanyAbstractIn 1965, Glaser and Strauss (1965) offered the concept of “awareness contexts” to explain what patients in hospitals do or don't know about their death trajectories. Awareness ranges from closed (where patients are completely unaware and family and providers protect “the secret”) to open (where all parties communicate openly and honestly). While closed awareness was the norm in 1960s, open awareness is now considered standard practice...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - November 2, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The effect of school sports facilities on physical activity, health and socioeconomic status in adulthood
Publication date: Available online 30 October 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Nicole Black, David Johnston, Carol Propper, Michael ShieldsAbstractThis paper focuses on the long-term impacts of attending a high school with inadequate sports facilities. We use prospective data from the British National Child Development Study, a continuing panel of a cohort of 17,634 children born in Great Britain during a single week of March 1958. Our empirical approach exploits the educational system they were exposed to: children were sorted by educational ability at age 11, but conditional on educational ability, att...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - October 31, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

“We are fierce, independent thinkers and intelligent”: Social capital and stigma management among mothers who refuse vaccines
This article uses qualitative data from in-depth interviews with parents who reject vaccines, ethnographic observations, and analyses of online discussions to examine the role of social capital in networks of vaccine-refusing mothers. Specifically, this article explores how mothers provide each other information critical of vaccines, encourage a sense of one's self as empowered to question social expectations around vaccination, provide strategies for managing stigma that results from refusing vaccines, and define a sense of obligation to extend social capital to other mothers. In examining these strategies and tensions, w...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - October 31, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Parental warmth and flourishing in mid-life
ConclusionsParental warmth in childhood may help promote offspring functioning across multiple domains of well-being in mid-life. The findings help to strengthen the call for a public health focus on the importance of parenting for outcomes beyond childhood and well into adulthood, and suggest the value of targeting parenting practices for prevention and intervention strategies to improve population health and well-being. (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - October 30, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Stratified citizenship, stratified health: Examining latinx legal status in the U.S. healthcare safety net
Publication date: Available online 27 October 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Meredith Van Natta, Nancy J. Burkeb, Irene H. Yen, Mark D. Fleming, Christoph L. Hanssmann, Maryani Palupy Rasidjan, Janet K. ShimAbstractOur paper explores how legal status stratification shapes the health and health care of low-income patients with chronic illnesses in the U.S. healthcare safety net. Drawing on data from over two years of ethnographic fieldwork at urban safety-net clinics, we examine efforts by Complex Care Management (CCM) teams to stabilize patients with uncontrolled chronic illnesses through primary care-...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - October 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: December 2018Source: Social Science & Medicine, Volume 218Author(s): (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - October 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Intersectionality and depression in adolescence and early adulthood: A MAIHDA analysis of the national longitudinal study of adolescent to adult health, 1995–2008
This study is the first to apply the MAIHDA approach to investigate mental health outcomes intersectionally in any population. We examine intersectionality and depression among adolescents and young adults in the U.S. along dimensions of gender, race/ethnicity, immigration status, and family income using a large, nationally representative sample—the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. We find evidence of considerable inequalities between social strata, with women, racial/ethnic minorities, immigrants, and low income strata experiencing elevated depression scores. Importantly, the majority of be...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - October 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

You're worth what you eat: Adolescent beliefs about healthy eating, morality and socioeconomic status
Publication date: Available online 26 October 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Priya Fielding-SinghAbstractAmidst growing concern about adolescents' diets and dietary health in the United States, this article asks: what does healthy eating mean to adolescents? Using data from in-depth interviews conducted with 74 adolescents across socioeconomic status (SES) in California in 2015–2016, I show how adolescents view healthy eating as a moral, affluent practice and use discussions of healthy eating to assert their own morality and socioeconomic position. Adolescents associate healthy eating with 1) fin...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - October 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Community hygiene norm violators are consistently stigmatized: Evidence from four global sites and implications for sanitation interventions
Publication date: Available online 26 October 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Alexandra Brewis, Amber Wutich, Margaret V. du Bray, Jonathan Maupin, Roseanne C. Schuster, Matthew M. GervaisAbstractCommunity sanitation interventions increasingly leverage presumed innate human disgust emotions and desire for social acceptance to change hygiene norms. While often effective at reducing open defecation and encouraging handwashing, there are growing indications from ethnographic studies that this strategy might create collateral damage, such as reinforcing stigmatized identities in ways that can drive social o...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - October 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Professionalism lapses and hierarchies: A qualitative analysis of medical students' narrated acts of resistance
Publication date: December 2018Source: Social Science & Medicine, Volume 219Author(s): Malissa Kay Shaw, Charlotte E. Rees, Nina Bjerre Andersen, Lori Faye Black, Lynn V. MonrouxeAbstractResistance is classified as a reaction against confining social structures. During their education, medical students encounter traditional medical and interprofessional hierarchies as they learn to become doctors. These create a power disparity that may prevent their empowerment and ability to resist. Despite their subordinate position, students are not always powerless when encountering situations that contradict their ethical, moral,...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - October 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Resilience capacities of health systems: Accommodating the needs of Palestinian refugees from Syria
Publication date: Available online 21 October 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): M. Alameddine, Fouad M. Fouad, K. Diaconu, Z. Jamal, G. Lough, S. Witter, A. AgerAbstractResilience is increasingly recognised as a key process mitigating the impact of shocks and stressors on functioning. The literature on individual and community resilience is being extended to address characteristics of resilient service delivery systems in contexts of adversity. The validity and utility of a capacity-oriented resilience framework (including absorption, adaptation and transformation) is examined with respect to the function...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - October 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Gendered mortality differentials over the rural-urban continuum: The analysis of census linked longitudinal data from England and Wales
This study investigates urban-rural mortality variation in England and Wales and the causes of this variation.MethodThe study applies survival analysis to the Office for National Statistics Longitudinal Study; the population aged 20 and older in 2001 is followed for 10 years.Results and conclusionsThe analysis demonstrates a clear urban-rural mortality gradient, with the risk of dying increasing with each level of urbanisation. The exceptions are those living in areas adjacent to London, who consistently exhibit lower mortality than anticipated. Once the models are adjusted to individuals’ socio-economic characterist...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - October 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Male infants and birth complications are associated with increased incidence of postnatal depression
ConclusionsThese results highlight two novel PND risk factors, male infants and birth complications, which can be easily assessed by health professionals. (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - October 20, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Distribution and disavowal: Managing the parental stigma of Children's weight and weight loss
Publication date: Available online 19 October 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Jenny L. Davis, Carla Goar, Bianca Manago, Bobbi ReidingerAbstractParents who seek weight loss treatment for their children find themselves pulled between double moral burdens. Blamed and shamed for the weight itself while culpable for the psychological effects of encouraging weight loss, parental stigma comes from multiple directions. Through interviews with parents who send their children to weight loss camps (N = 47), we ask: how do parents maintain a moral sense of self? We show that parents distribute moral blame for ...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - October 20, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Use of social network analysis in the development, dissemination, implementation, and sustainability of health behavior interventions for adults: A systematic review
Publication date: Available online 19 October 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Rachel C. Shelton, Matthew Lee, Laura E. Brotzman, Danielle M. Crookes, Lina Jandorf, Deborah Erwin, Elizabeth Gage-BouchardAbstractInterest in conceptualizing, measuring, and applying social network analysis (SNA) in public health has grown tremendously in recent years. While these studies have broadened our understanding of the role that social networks play in health, there has been less research that has investigated the application of SNA to inform health-related interventions. This systematic review aimed to capture the ...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - October 20, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Are you better off? Perceptions of social mobility and satisfaction with care among Latina immigrants in the U.S.
We examined whether self-reported social mobility among 419 Latina women immigrants is associated with satisfaction with health care. We also examined the association among social mobility and self-rated health, quality of care, and medical mistrust. Upward social mobility was associated with greater number of years lived in the U.S., and downward social mobility was associated with more years of education. Those who reported no changes in social class (stable social mobility) were older and were the most satisfied with their medical care. Multiple regression analyses indicated that downward social mobility was associated ...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - October 20, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Managing type 1 diabetes in the context of work life: A matter of containment
Publication date: Available online 19 October 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Ulla Møller Hansen, Bryan Cleal, Ingrid Willaing, Tine Tjørnhøj-ThomsenAbstractFor people with type 1 diabetes, extensive tasks involved in diabetes self-management have a significant impact on overall care and quality of life. Members of the working population with type 1 diabetes spend one third of their time at work, yet little attention has been paid to challenges specific to balancing diabetes management and work life. Diabetes is associated with increased absenteeism and presenteeism, as well as disa...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - October 20, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Looking beyond the mean in grief trajectories: A prospective, population-based cohort study
ConclusionsThis study is the first to systematically describe specific trajectories of grief based on grief symptoms. The majority had a low or decreasing grief trajectory, whereas minor groups of partners and non-partners had a high grief trajectory, and a group of partners had a late grief trajectory. A consistent vulnerability factor was low education. Bereaved individuals may benefit from information on possible patterns of grief development, including adverse grief trajectories. (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - October 20, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Advocacy coalition impacts on healthy public policy-oriented learning in Alberta, Canada (2009–2016): A difference-in-differences analysis
Publication date: Available online 19 October 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Candace I.J. Nykiforuk, Jennifer Ann McGetrick, Kim D. Raine, T. Cameron WildAbstractSince 2009, the [Blinded (Blinded)] has pursued policy, systems, and environmental change strategies engaging policy elites to promote healthy public policy for chronic disease prevention in Alberta, Canada. Employing Advocacy Coalition Framework (ACF) vocabulary to facilitate our analysis, we examined whether concerted advocacy by the [Blinded] shifted elites' belief system structures over an eight year period compared to the general public a...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - October 20, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Living arrangements and older People's labor force participation in Hong Kong, 1986–2016
Publication date: Available online 18 October 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Yuying Tong, Feinian Chen, Wenyang SuAbstractUsing the 1% random sample of Hong Kong population census and by-census data (1986, 1991, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011, 2016), we examine labor force participation (LFP) of older adults (aged 65+) and its association with living arrangements over a thirty-year span. Despite the large time period and the cohort variations in LFP, our cross-classified multilevel models (CCMM) showed a remarkably consistent linkage between the family context and older persons' LFP. Co-residence with adult ch...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - October 20, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The relationship between social capital and self-rated health: A gendered analysis of 17 European countries
ConclusionWe observed gender differences in the specific dimensions of social capital that were correlated with self-rated health. However social capital did not explain the gender gap in fair/poor self-rated health. (Source: Social Science and Medicine)
Source: Social Science and Medicine - October 18, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Depression in a depressed area: Deservingness, mental illness, and treatment in the contemporary rural U.S.
Publication date: Available online 17 October 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Claire Snell-Rood, Elizabeth Carpenter-SongAbstractPeople with mental illness face public scrutiny that provokes questions about their ability to cope, membership in society, and entitlement to state support. Less attention has been focused on how such scrutiny occurs at the community level, particularly when shared economic distress has generated a high burden of poor mental health. We employ theorizations of health-related deservingness to examine the local moral economies through which residents of an economically depressed...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - October 18, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Professionalism lapses and hierarchies: A qualitative analysis of medical students’ narrated acts of resistance
Publication date: Available online 17 October 2018Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Malissa Kay Shaw, Charlotte E. Rees, Nina Bjerre Andersen, Lori Faye Black, Lynn V. MonrouxeAbstractResistance is classified as a reaction against confining social structures. During their education, medical students encounter traditional medical and interprofessional hierarchies as they learn to become doctors. These create a power disparity that may prevent their empowerment and ability to resist. Despite their subordinate position, students are not always powerless when encountering situations that contradict their ethical,...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - October 18, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research