New reports provide guidance for obesity care

(The Obesity Society) Advocates for obesity prevention and treatment have designed two new resources for medical educators, healthcare providers and community programs that will enhance the level of care for patients, according to two new studies published online today in Obesity, the flagship journal of The Obesity Society. The resources include the first set of competencies for how to care for patients with obesity for undergraduate and graduate medical education, and a proposed standard of care for people with obesity.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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Authors: Barton BB, Zagler A, Engl K, Rihs L, Musil R Abstract The information on prevalence of obesity, diabetes, metabolic syndrome (MetS) and cardiovascular risk (CVR) and on sociodemographic variables available in patients with psychiatric diseases about to be treated with weight gain-associated medication (e.g., clozapine, mirtazapine, quetiapine) is limited. In a naturalistic study, psychiatric inpatients (age: 18-75) of all F diagnoses according to ICD-10, who were about to be treated with weight gain-associated medication, were included. Demographic variables were assessed as well as biological parameters t...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 July 2019Source: Molecular Aspects of MedicineAuthor(s): Katarina Klepac, Anastasia Georgiadi, Matthias Tschöp, Stephan HerzigAbstractFor the past decade, brown adipose tissue (BAT) has been extensively studied as a potential therapy for obesity and metabolic diseases due to its thermogenic and glucose-consuming properties. It is now clear that the function of BAT goes beyond heat production, as it also plays an important endocrine role by secreting the so-called batokines to communicate with other metabolic tissues and regulate systemic energy homeostasis. However, despite numero...
Source: Molecular Aspects of Medicine - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Authors: Shahrokhi SA, Naeini AA Abstract In this case-control study, 60 patients with Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) referred to the Nursing and Midwifery Center of Khorramabad, were selected as the case group and 90 non-PCOS patients as the control group. Demographic information and anthropometric indices of each person were collected. The Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) were completed. After at least 12 h of fasting, 7 mL of blood samples were taken from the patients. There was no statistically significant difference observed in the mean...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
In conclusion, OAM markedly decreased intracellular lipid accumulation by enhancing lipolysis via AMPK activation and by upregulating β-oxidation. Thus, OAM has potential as a drug for the prevention and/or improvement of obesity and related diseases and deserves further study.
Source: Chemico Biological Interactions - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Sexual-minority women (SMW) are more likely to be overweight, have a history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA), and have more positive attitudes toward obesity compared to their heterosexual counterparts. In this exploratory study, the author sought to ident...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Conditions:   Pregnancy;   Overweight and Obesity Interventions:   Behavioral: Diabetes Prevention Program;   Behavioral: Breastfeeding Education;   Behavioral: Usual Care Sponsors:   University of Kansas Medical Center;   Ascension Via Christi St. Joseph;   Kearny County Hospital;   National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Obesity;   Hypertension;   Circadian Dysregulation;   Salt; Excess Intervention:   Other: Oral sodium supplementation Sponsor:   University of Alabama at Birmingham Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Authors: Lagathu C, Béréziat V, Gorwood J, Fellahi S, Bastard JP, Vigouroux C, Boccara F, Capeau J Abstract Introduction: Efficient antiretroviral-treatment (ART) generally allows control of HIV infection. However, persons-living-with-HIV (PLWH), when ageing, present a high prevalence of metabolic diseases. Area covered: Altered adiposity, dyslipidemias, insulin resistance, diabetes and their consequences are prevalent in PLWH and could be partly related to ART. Expert opinion: At first, personal and lifestyle factors are involved in the onset of these complications. The persistence of HIV in tissue r...
Source: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Drug Saf Source Type: research
Source: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractThe level of lactate in the blood is associated with obesity, blood pressure, and type 2 diabetes. In addition, lactate is a pro-inflammatory cytokine, which plays an important role in the pathogenesis of cognitive impairment. However, the association between blood lactate, systemic inflammation, and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) has not been investigated. The aim of the study is to explore this association in a Chinese population. This community-based cross-sectional study included 2523 Chinese participants aged 18 –88 years. Cognitive function was assessed using the Chinese version of the Mini-Mental...
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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