Comparison of Thoracic Sympathetic Ganglion Block According to Different Approach

Condition:   Thoracic; Sympathetic Ganglion, Injury Intervention:   Other: thoracic sympathetic ganglion block Sponsor:   Keimyung University Dongsan Medical Center Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials

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Karel Pacak Pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas (PPGLs) are rare catecholamine-secreting neuroendocrine tumors of the adrenal medulla and sympathetic/parasympathetic ganglion cells, respectively. Excessive release of catecholamines leads to episodic symptoms and signs of PPGL, which include hypertension, headache, palpitations, and diaphoresis. Intraoperatively, large amounts of catecholamines are released into the bloodstream through handling and manipulation of the tumor(s). In contrast, there could also be an abrupt decline in catecholamine levels after tumor resection. Because of such binary manifestations of PP...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Condition:   Thoracic; Sympathetic Ganglion, Injury Intervention:   Other: thoracic sympathetic ganglion block Sponsor:   Keimyung University Dongsan Medical Center Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Authors: Esquiva G, Hannibal J Abstract Melanopsin-expressing retinal ganglion cells (mRGCs) constitute a system in the mammalian retina used for irradiance detection, regulating non-image forming functions, such as photoentrainment of circadian rhythms, control of the pupillary light reflex, masking response, light-regulated melatonin secretion, and modulation of the sleep/wake cycle. There are five subtypes of mRGCs differentiated by morphology and function. Recent years of research on mRGCs have identified a broad number of neurodegenerative diseases in the eye and the brain with altered physiologic light respon...
Source: Histology and Histopathology - Category: Cytology Tags: Histol Histopathol Source Type: research
The main therapeutic method of treatment for local hyperhidrosis is endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy (ETS). Generally, resections of the sympathetic trunk or ganglions are performed between the second rib and sixth rib. However, this procedure can result in compensatory sweating (CS), where excess sweating occurs on the back, chest, and abdomen. CS was regarded as a thermoregulatory response and was thought to be untreatable. The present study suggests that CS is not a physiological reaction and is indeed treatable.
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionSGB increased cSNRT without changing heart rate. CSD was more beneficial for patients with mild ‐to‐moderate heart failure and faster VA.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ‐ CLINICAL Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 June 2019Source: NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Garrett M. Fogo, Dorela D. Shuboni-Mulligan, Andrew J. GallAbstractIntrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs) are critical for the light signaling properties of non-image forming vision. Melanopsin-expressing ipRGCs project to retinorecipient brain regions involved in modulating circadian rhythms. Melanopsin has been shown to play an important role in how animals respond to light, including photoentrainment, masking (i.e., acute behavioral responses to light), and the pupillary light reflex (PLR). Importantly, ipRGCs are resistan...
Source: Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundSympathetic neural activation plays a key role in the incidence and maintenance of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) induced ventricular arrhythmia (VA). Furthermore, previous studies showed that AMI might induce microglia and sympathetic activation and that microglial activation might contribute to sympathetic activation. Recently, studies showed that light emitting diode (LED) therapy might attenuate microglial activation. Therefore, we hypothesized that LED therapy might reduce AMI ‐induced VA by attenuating microglia and sympathetic activation.MethodsThirty anesthetized rats were randomly divided in...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ‐ EXPERIMENTAL Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 31 May 2019Source: NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Xin Wen, Xue Yu, Rong Huo, Qiu-Xin Yan, Di Wu, Yan Feng, Ying Li, Xun Sun, Xin-Yu Li, Jie Sun, Ke-Xin Li, Qing-Yuan Li, Li-Min Han, Xiao-Long Lu, Yang Liu, Weinian Shou, Bai-Yan LiAbstractSilent angina is a critical phenomenon in the clinic and is more commonly associated with women patients suffering from myocardial ischemia. Its underlying cause remains mysterious in medicine. With our recent discovery of female-specific Ah-type baroreceptor neurons (BRNs), we hypothesize that cardiac analgesia is due to the direct activation of Ah-type BRNs by ...
Source: Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
ConclusionThe similarities of the sensory, motor, and sympathetic innervation of SP9 and GB34 in the rat provide the neuroanatomical evidence to understand the synergetic effect that arise from the stimulation at the complementary acupoints.
Source: World Journal of Acupuncture Moxibustion - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
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