Awareness of human papillomavirus infection complications, cervical cancer, and vaccine among the Saudi population. A cross-sectional survey.

CONCLUSION: There is a lack of knowledge and misinformation regarding cervical cancer, Pap smears, HPV, and HPV association with cervical cancer. These data can be used as a basis to formulate effective population awareness programs. PMID: 31219489 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Saudi Medical Journal - Category: Middle East Health Tags: Saudi Med J Source Type: research

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Abstract Human papillomavirus (HPV) causes most cervical cancers and some cancers of the penis, vulva, vagina, oropharynx, and anus. Cervical precancers can be detected through screening. HPV vaccination with the 9-valent HPV vaccine (9vHPV) can prevent approximately 92% of HPV-attributable cancers (1).* Previous studies have shown lower incidence of HPV-associated cancers in non-Hispanic American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) populations compared with other racial subgroups (2); however, these rates might have been underestimated as a result of racial misclassification. Previous studies have shown that cancer ...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research
The incidence of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related head and neck squamous cell carcinomas has been rising.1,2 Clinicians treating patients with oropharyngeal cancer strongly support the Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation recommendation3 on gender-neutral vaccination to prevent anal, cervical, oropharyngeal, and penile cancer. However, although the HPV vaccines were initially tested and approved in triple-dose regimens,4 there is evidence to support a single-dose vaccination schedule to optimise population uptake and provide some coverage.
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
AbstractGenital human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted virus in the United States and etiologically linked to several types of cancers including the cervix, vulva, vagina, penis, anus, and oropharynges. Evidence indicates certain types of HPV-associated cancers disproportionally affect Latinos in the United States. This qualitative study sought to explore Latina mothers ’ perceptions and understanding of HPV infection, HPV-associated cancers, and the HPV vaccination for their adolescent sons and daughters. Twenty-two individual, face-to-face interviews were conducted in 2018–2019 wit...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS Male university students do not know enough about HPV infection, and males' attitudes regarding vaccination are not sufficient. Education should be provided to promote awareness of HPV-associated diseases and vaccination. PMID: 32603317 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
Abstract Although it has been established that persistent infection with high risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) is the main cause in the development of cervical cancer, the HR-HPV infection is also related with the cause of a significant fraction of other human malignancies from the mucosal squamous epithelial such as anus, vagina, vulva, penis and oropharynx. HR-HPV infection induces cell proliferation, cell death evasion and genomic instability resulting in cell transformation, due to HPV proteins, which target and modify the function of differents cell molecules and organelles, such as mitochondria. Mitochondr...
Source: Virus Research - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Virus Res Source Type: research
Conclusion: Based on the current study, the prevalence of oropharyngeal Ureaplasma spp. among patients with OPC is low and does not support a role in oropharyngeal cancer. However, the detection of the pathogen only among OPC patients but not in the healthy individuals might indicate a potential role and needs further elucidation.
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Human papillomavirus infection (HPV) is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections and can cause penile and anal cancer in men, and invasive cervical cancer in women.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionHIV positivity is associated with increased prevalence of HPV infection on different anatomic sites, which will result in increased burden of HPV-related cancers among PLHIV. Furthermore, primary studies with robust study designs aimed at investigating the risk developing HPV-related cancers among PLHIV are recommended.Systematic review registration: PROSPERO CRD42017062403
Source: Systematic Reviews - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Conclusion As almost half of freshman women declared being sexually inactive, the investment in public health information programs and easier access to the HPV vaccine seem to be a useful strategy for undergraduate students.Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o conhecimento sobre a infec ção pelo vírus do papiloma humano (human papillomavirus, HPV, em inglês) e a taxa de vacinação entre estudantes calouros e veteranos do quarto ano dos cursos de medicina, farmácia, fonoaudiologia, enfermagem e educação física de uma universidade brasileira. Métodos Um primeiro...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetricia - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Human papilloma virus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection in men and women in the United States; approximately 79 million Americans are estimated to have an active infection (1). Some infections may be asymptomatic and clear without consequence. Other HPV-related infections may have minimal consequences, such as benign genital warts. However, strong evidence suggests that some subtypes of HPV are a primary driving etiologic factor for the development of cervical, oral, penile, and anal cancers.
Source: Fertility and Sterility - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Reflections Source Type: research
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