Resurgence of Challenging Behavior Following Functional Communication Training for Children with Disabilities: a Literature Review

AbstractFunctional communication training (FCT) is highly effective in reducing challenging behavior and increasing appropriate communication in children with developmental disabilities. However, the challenging behavior may re-occur following successful treatment with functional communication training when the functional communication response contacts extinction. Therefore, it is imperative to evaluate the variables that reduce resurgence of challenging behavior following successful treatment. For the current review, the systematic search yielded 14 articles from the current literature that evaluated resurgence following functional communication training. The effect of demand fading, the language of instruction, the presence of stimuli associated with the intervention, previous exposures to extinction, schedule of reinforcement during baseline, and reinforcing multiple mands were evaluated in the present literature review. Overall, relatively few applied studies with human participants have evaluated variables that affect resurgence. It is imperative that future research utilizes systematic manipulation to identify variables that reduce the resurgence of challenging behavior. Implications for practice and directions for future research are discussed.
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research

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ConclusionsThis work proposed using an acceleration sensor as a reliable method of sleep apnea screening, detection of an apnea event, sending alert to the patient, and detection of the patient lying position. The developed device is more economical, comfortable, and convenient than existing systems for not only the patients but also the doctors. The patients can easily use this device in their home environment.Graphical abstract
Source: IRBM - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
A busy day at UNISON’s LGBT+ conference saw delegates discuss a number of major issues. Mental health was high on the agenda, with Alan Williams for the union’s North West LGBT group saying that there was a “concerningly high rate of suicide attempts by LGBT+ members” and called for more training for reps on the issues. Hannah Stephenson urged delegates to return to their branches and ask their employers for mental ill health training, while a speaker from the North West talked of how “one person with the right information can make all the difference”. She said that research suggests tha...
Source: UNISON meat hygiene - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Article News LGBT Source Type: news
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Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
In this study, we have assessed persons on average 16 years after their injury and determined ch...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
AbstractObjectivesThe effect of age on the Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ-DI) scores of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and the validity of adopting HAQ-DI  3-year treatment under T2T were evaluated. The relationships between the HAQ-DI score at follow-up (HAQ) and 28-joint Disease Activity Score with C-reactive protein, Sharp/van der Heijde Score, age at follow-up, and HAQ-DI at baseline were statistically evaluated with best subset regression analy sis in groups separated according to age and the EULAR response. CDC status was evaluated with a chi-square test.ResultsThe HAQ score signific...
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
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Source: Critical Care Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Online Review Articles Source Type: research
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Source: UNISON Health care news - Category: UK Health Authors: Tags: Article News christina mccanea LGBT Source Type: news
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Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Transport and Health - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
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