Relationship between Body Mass Index and Complications during the First 45 Days after Primary Total Hip and Knee Replacement: A Single-Center Study from South America.

Conclusions: There was no statistical relationship between BMI and early complications of THR and TKR. Nonetheless, there was a tendency toward a higher risk of infection in patients with some degree of obesity. PMID: 31156766 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Clin Orthop Surg Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 20 January 2020Source: Trends in Food Science &TechnologyAuthor(s): I.P. Shanura Fernando, BoMi Ryu, Ginnae Ahn, In-Kyu Yeo, You-Jin JeonAbstractBackgroundMetabolic syndrome (MS) defines a group of severe comorbidities, including insulin resistance, abnormal fat accumulation, and high blood pressure that lead to obesity, diabetes, and heart diseases. MS has received a growing concern due to its rising prevalence in many countries. The consumption of high-calorie food, sedentary lifestyle habits, genetic factors, and stress conditions aggravate risk factors for developing metabolic syn...
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
We examined the association of three common chronic conditions (obesity, diabetes mellitus [DM], and cardiovascular disease [CVD]) with transitions among states of hip osteoarthritis (HOA).
Source: Arthritis Research and Therapy - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is one of the most prevalent endocrine diseases in the world. Recent studies have shown that dysbiosis of the gut microbiota may be an important contributor to T2DM pathogenesis. However, the mechanisms underlying the roles of the gut microbiome and fecal metabolome in T2DM have not been characterized. Recently, the Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rat model of T2DM was developed to study the clinical symptoms and characteristics of human T2DM. To further characterize T2DM pathogenesis, we combined multi-omics techniques, including 16S rRNA gene sequencing, metagenomic sequencing, and metabolomics, to ana...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
We reported a significant increase of ghrelin epsilon-cells in the pancreas and basal serum after Sleeve gastrectomy versus the control groups. The epsilon cellular increment was related to neogenesis, as the neurogenin-3 marker revealed. The Roux-en Y Gastric Bypass showed neither epsilon cell increase nor basal serum changes in ghrelin release. As a conclusion, we reported that the severe suppression of the fundus gastric produced the recovery of ghrelin released by the epsilon cells, which was indicative of an ontogenic embryonic pancreatic function. PMID: 31951010 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Histology and Histopathology - Category: Cytology Tags: Histol Histopathol Source Type: research
ConclusionBlood glucose level, higher body mass index, inappropriate antibiotics use, neuropathy and advanced grade of diabetic foot ulcer were independent predictors of amputation. Thus, special emphasis for patients having neuropathy and advanced grade of diabetic foot ulcer as well as weight reduction, managing hyperglycaemia, and appropriate antibiotics prescription practice would decrease untoward effects of diabetic foot ulcer.
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Indigenous populations worldwide have a high prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D),[1] and early age of onset.[2] The causes of increased rates of T2D are likely multiple and complex. However, social determinants of health appear to be associated with differences in prevalence across populations, including in youth.[3] The prevalence of T2D is directly related to the prevalence of obesity which is also influenced by social determinants of health. Understanding the relationship between social determinants of health and neonatal adiposity may inform early life interventions to improve metabolic health.
Source: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Source Type: research
In recent years, mediation analysis has become a popular means to identify and quantify pathways linking an exposure to an outcome, thereby elucidating how a particular exposure contributes to the occurrence of a specific outcome. When a mediator is a modifiable risk factor, this opens up new opportunities for interventions to block (part) of the exposure`s effect on the outcome. Recent examples in Scandinavian Journal of Work Environment Health have addressed the mediating effect of wellbeing on the association between type of office and job satisfaction (1) and examined whether workplace social capital contributes to the...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - Category: Occupational Health Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Much remains to be understood about socio-economic position and body mass index (BMI) in the pathways linking ethnicity, migration and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). We investigated differences in GDM prevalence according to maternal country of origin and the role played by socio-economic position and BMI on this relation. Finally, we examined how length of residency was associated with GDM. METHODS: A register-based cohort study of the 725482 pregnancies that resulted in a birth in Denmark, 2004-2015. Of these, 14.4% were by women who had migrated to Denmark. A GDM diagnosis was re...
Source: The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: J Clin Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
Abstract Animal studies indicated that bisphenol A (BPA) exposure during pregnancy may disrupt thyroid function which is critical for fetal development. However, few epidemiological studies have examined this topic and the results were inconsistent. We aimed to evaluate whether prenatal BPA exposure is associated with thyroid hormone levels in Chinese mothers and newborns with stratification by maternal body mass index (BMI). BPA concentration were measured in urine samples collected from 555 women at late pregnancy. Maternal serum free thyroxin (FT4), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and thyroid peroxidase antib...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the irisin levels in elderly patients with hypertension, diabetes mellitus type 2, and overweight and obesity, to investigate the possible association between irisin levels and anthropometric and biochemical parameters, and also to assess the irisin levels associated with a risk of hypertension, diabetes mellitus type 2, and overweight and obesity.MethodsA nested case-control study was conducted, with hypertension, diabetes mellitus type 2, and overweight and obesity being set as the case group; 71 elderly patients from the cohort were enrolled in each case group, and 71 healthy elderly from...
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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