Middle Cranial Fossa Encephalocele and Cerebrospinal Fluid Leakage: Etiology, Approach, Outcomes

Conclusions Middle cranial fossa tegmen defects are most commonly seen in obese females and are spontaneous in origin. The most common location was the tegmen mastoideum, and these defects were most commonly repaired through the transmastoid approach, with no greater risk of recurrence. [...] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Journal of Neurological Surgery Part B: Skull Base - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

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ConclusionsOM history was associated with higher BMI among 5–9 year old children and this may be linked to taste impairments. This association was not observed in 2–3 year old children. Potential sex differences in these associations require further investigation.
Source: Physiology and Behavior - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewObesity is a major public health problem associated with various diseases. Improving obesity control and achieving greater patient satisfaction are critical unmet needs. Various otorhinolaryngologic diseases can have negative effects on quality of life or actual health status depending on their type. Over the past decade, the relationship between obesity and otorhinolaryngologic conditions has been investigated. The purpose of this review was to discuss the relationship between obesity and otorhinolaryngological diseases.Recent FindingsThis is a narrative review on the current state of incidence, e...
Source: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Abstract Obesity in pediatric population is an important global problem. The prevalence of obesity in children is dramatically rising. According to World Health Organization, about 41 million children under the age of 5 years are obese or overweight worldwide. Overweight and obesity are well-known risk factors for a number of health disorders. Diseases commonly observed in this group of patients are metabolic disorders, type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases, fatty liver disease, musculoskeletal problems, and many others. The main aim of this study was to present the current knowledge of the association...
Source: Ear, Nose and Throat Journal - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Ear Nose Throat J Source Type: research
Breastfeeding confers multiple benefits to both infants and mothers, with evidence linking breastfeeding to a lower risk of many adverse outcomes including gastroenteritis, respiratory disease, necrotising enterocolitis and otitis media in infants, and a lower risk of breast cancer in mothers. Breastfeeding has also been linked to other health, social and cognitive outcomes including childhood obesity and cognitive development. It is the responsibility of all health professionals to support women during the breastfeeding period, and as part of the NHS Long Term Plan the recommendation that Unicef UK Baby Friendly accredita...
Source: Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Reproductive Medicine - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Case-based learning Source Type: research
Lactation is the process of secretion of milk from the mammary glands as well as the period when the mother lactates to feed her offspring. In humans, lactation (also called breastfeeding or nursing) is recommended for at least the first 6 months of the infant ’s life [1], with introduction of the appropriate complementary foods whilst breastfeeding until 1 year or longer, as mutually desired by the mother and the infant. Breastfeeding is beneficial for both child and maternal health. The short-term advantages for the infant include the decrease in th e incidence of respiratory tract infections and otitis medi...
Source: Maturitas - Category: Primary Care Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewReview the current state of the adenoidectomy procedure in the pediatric population with up-to-date indications for surgery, operative techniques, adverse events, non-surgical management of adenoid hypertrophy, and future directions.Recent FindingsAdenoidectomy is indicated in children for the treatment of sleep-disordered breathing, nasal airway obstruction, recurrent acute otitis media, and chronic rhinosinusitis. A new recommendation was released in 2016, not supporting adenoidectomy for a primary indication of otitis media in children under 4  years old, including those with prior tympanos...
Source: Current Otorhinolaryngology Reports - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Conclusion: Children with PHP1A are at an increased risk for OSA compared with similarly obese peers. They also have higher rates of otitis media and adenotonsillar hypertrophy. Screening for OSA should be considered in all patients with PHP1A and possibly PHP1B though more research is needed.Horm Res Paediatr
Source: Hormone Research in Paediatrics - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Overweight and obesity might be risk factors for developing chronic otitis media with effusion, or vice versa. PMID: 28807075 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research
Purpose of review: To provide readers with a review of contemporary literature describing the evolving understanding of the pseudohypoparathyroidism type 1A (PHP1A) phenotype. Recent findings: The classic features of PHP1A include multihormone resistance and the Albright Hereditary Osteodystrophy phenotype (round facies, short stature, subcutaneous ossifications, brachydactyly, and early-onset obesity. Obesity may be because of a decrease in resting energy expenditure because most patients do not report significant hyperphagia. Patients with PHP1A have an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. In addition to brachydactyly and...
Source: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity - Category: Endocrinology Tags: GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT: Edited by Lynne L. Levitsky Source Type: research
We describe the burden of oto‐sino‐pulmonary disease in 38 individuals with AS and examines the degree of clinical overlap between PCD and AS. Evaluation at the NIH Clinical Center included clinical examination, chest imaging, and clinical history surveys, as well as measurement of nasal nitric oxide (nNO) in nine patients. Results: Recurrent otitis media was ubiquitous in the AS cohort (92%) with 50% requiring pressure equalization tube placement. A history of bronchitis/pneumonia and sinusitis was reported in 61% and 50% of individuals, respectively. PCD‐characterizing symptoms (laterality defects, unexplained neon...
Source: Pediatric Pulmonology - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
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