Sonographic evaluation of anatomic landmarks in patients with obstructive sleep apnea.
CONCLUSION: As part of this sonographic assessment of the upper respiratory tract, landmarks could be identified in patients with OSA that correlated with the severity of the disease. PMID: 31119334 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conditions: Obstructive Sleep Apnea; Morbid Obesity; Epigenetic Disorder Interventions: Device: CPAP; Procedure: Bariatric Surgery Sponsor: Aragon Institute of Health Sciences Completed
(Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging) Research presented at the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging's 2019 Annual Meeting draws a strong link between severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and impaired coronary flow reserve, which is an early sign of the heart disease atherosclerosis. Using 13N-ammonia positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT), researchers were able to noninvasively evaluate coronary microvascular function in OSA patients and use their findings to predict cardiovascular disease risk.
Statement of the problem: Evaluation of the effect of maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) on long term subjective quality of life (QoL) in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).
AbstractPurpose of reviewThis review aims to support obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) as a risk factor for ischemic stroke, review treatment strategies for OSA, provide a comprehensive review of clinical data on OSA treatment and ischemic stroke risk, and to critically assess if treatment of OSA decreases the risk of ischemic stroke and if treatment improves outcomes and subsequent ischemic stroke risk in post-stroke patients.Recent findingsSeveral observational studies, randomized controlled trials (RCTs), and meta-analyses have examined the risk of ischemic stroke and cardiovascular events in patients with OSA and have also...
You’re heading to the market. You need to pick up eggs, cheese, milk, bread, tomatoes, carrots, and string beans. Can you keep those items in mind by repeating them to yourself? You arrive at your usual market, but it is unexpectedly closed. A passerby gives you verbal directions to a new market. Can you close your eyes and visualize the route? Both activities tap working memory — that is, your memory for information that you need to actively keep “in mind” and manipulate often. We use this type of memory every day. For example, when we are comparing two or more options — whether dinner entree...
Nocturnal polyuria (NP), the most common etiology of nocturia, can be caused by various medical conditions, including cardiovascular disease, obstructive sleep apnea, renal tubular dysfunction, as well as medications (e.g. diuretics) and/or behavioral patterns. NP in the absence of underlying medical conditions has been described as nocturnal polyuria syndrome (NPS) and is thought be the result of impaired circadian release of endogenous arginine vasopressin (AVP). Desmopressin, a synthetic AVP analog, has been shown to be an effective replacement therapy in adults with nocturia due to NP.
Nocturnal polyuria (NP), the most common etiology of nocturia, is a bothersome condition characterized by overproduction of urine at night.1,2 NP may result from abnormalities in the normal circadian variation in endogenous arginine vasopressin (AVP) secretion,3 and it can also be associated with various medical conditions, including congestive heart failure, diabetes mellitus, obstructive sleep apnea, peripheral edema, excessive night-time fluid intake, as well as “normal” aging.4 There is a strong need to manage this burdensome condition by identifying the causative factors and associated comorbidities.
This study aimed to first evaluate the reliability of CPC analysis for the detection of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) by comparing with polysomnography (PSG)-derived sleep outcomes.MethodsTwo hundred five PSG data (149 males, age 46.8 ± 12.8 years) were used for the evaluation of CPC regarding the detection of OSA. Automated CPC analyses were based on ECG signals only. Respiratory event index (REI) derived from CPC and apnea–hypopnea index (AHI) derived from PSG were compared for agreement tests.ResultsCPC-REI positively correlated with PSG-AHI (r = 0.851,p
Conclusion: Considering the common sleep microstructure alterations, the presence of attention deficit and hyperactivity and/or sleep apnea may be a considered warning sign in the case of benign epilepsy with centro-temporal spikes.What is Known:•Sleep related-cognitive deficits have been described in the spectrum of benign epilepsy with centro-temporal spikes. The degree of sleep alterations may predict the neurocognitive outcome, and help clinicians to choose the right treatment.What is New:•Considering the common sleep microstructure alterations, attention deficit and sleep apnea, may be a considered warning signs.
This study aimed to first evaluate the reliability of CPC analysis for the detection of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) by comparing with polysomnography (PSG)-derived sleep outcomes. METHODS: Two hundred five PSG data (149 males, age 46.8 ± 12.8 years) were used for the evaluation of CPC regarding the detection of OSA. Automated CPC analyses were based on ECG signals only. Respiratory event index (REI) derived from CPC and apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) derived from PSG were compared for agreement tests. RESULTS: CPC-REI positively correlated with PSG-AHI (r = 0.851, p