Car accidents may increase stroke, heart failure risk for older passengers

Older passengers may have a higher risk of heart failure or stroke following a car crash, new research shows.
Source: Health News - UPI.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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The objective of this study was to analyze how the features of the course of the diseases and management of HF + AF influence the clinical outcomes. Methods: The data of 1,003 patients from the first Russian register of patients with chronic heart failure and atrial fibrillation (RIF-CHF) were analyzed. The endpoints included hospitalization due to HF worsening, mortality, thromboembolic events, and hemorrhage. Predictors of unfavorable outcomes were analyzed separately for patients with HF and preserved ejection fraction (AF + HFpEF), midrange ejection fraction (AF + HFmrEF),...
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 June 2019Source: Canadian Journal of CardiologyAuthor(s): Mark Canney, Mila Tang, Lee Er, Sean J. Barbour, Ognjenka Djurdjev, Adeera Levin, CanPREDDICT InvestigatorsAbstractBackgroundUsing standard cut-offs derived from healthy adults, high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) are frequently elevated in patients with reduced glomerular filtration rate (GFR), with unclear implications. We sought to compare GFR-specific cut-offs of each biomarker to standard cut-offs for discrimination of cardiovascular risk in asymptomatic pa...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe change of slope was dependent on surgical procedures. In functional mitral regurgitation, the slope may be a more sensitive parameter in reflecting the left ventricular contractile function than the left ventricular ejection fraction.
Source: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Conclusionwe used a comprehensive multiple-omics strategy to systematically investigate the dysregulated molecules in the plasma of AF patients, thereby revealing potential biomarkers for diagnosis and providing information for pathological studies.
Source: Metabolomics - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Authors: Akdemir B, Li Y, Krishnan B, Adabag S, Tholakanahalli V, Benditt DG, Li JM Abstract Background: Defibrillation threshold testing (DT) following implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) implantation has not shown to improve mortality. However, the impact of DT on burden of heart failure (HF) hospitalisations has not been well defined. Methods: We studied retrospectively consecutive patients who underwent ICD implantation or generator change between 2008 and 2014. Primary outcome was burden of HF hospitalisations within 30 days following implantation. Secondary outcomes were mortality, stroke, and I...
Source: Acta Cardiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Acta Cardiol Source Type: research
Conclusion: Age ≥75 years, body weight ≤50 kg, a history of heart failure, and initially preserved renal function appear to promote renal dysfunction in patients with AF, but a history of AF ablation seems to have a favorable effect. Worsening renal function seems to increase AF patients' risk of adverse clinical events. Renal function can decline quickly; thus, early intervention including AF ablation is warranted. PMID: 31204852 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
ConclusionsAmong patients with type  2 diabetes mellitus after a recent acute coronary syndrome or acute ischemic stroke, treatment with vildagliptin was not associated with increased risks of CV death, non‐fatal myocardial infarction, non‐fatal stroke and hospitalization for HF.
Source: Journal of Diabetes Investigation - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
In this study, we evaluated seven goats (body weight 44.5  ± 6.5 kg) with normal hearts. A centrifugal LVAD was implanted under general anesthesia. We inserted the conductance catheters into the left ventricle (LV) and right ventricle (RV) to assess the volume signal simultaneously. We defined the interventricular dyssynchrony as a signal (increase o r decrease) of LV volume (LVV) change opposite to that of RV volume (RVV) (i.e., (dLVV/dt)  × (dRVV/dt)  
Source: Journal of Artificial Organs - Category: Transplant Surgery Source Type: research
In conclusion, our study shows that free vitamin D serum concentrations are independently associated with major cardiovascular events in chronic kidney disease patients on dialysis.Kidney Blood Press Res
Source: Kidney and Blood Pressure Research - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeTo compare the predictive capacity of the CHA2DS2-VASc and AHEAD scores in predicting acute coronary syndrome (ACS), ischemic stroke (IS), and mortality in patients with heart failure (HF).MethodsA total of 404,635 patients hospitalized for HF between 2000 and 2011 were recruited from a large national database in Taiwan. The predictive value of both scores was evaluated by analysis of the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC), and the difference in their discriminative capacity was assessed using the DeLong test.ResultsThe AUROC for the CHA2DS2-VASc score was significantly higher tha...
Source: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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