How Are Self-Efficacy and Motivation Related to Drinking Five Years after Residential Treatment? A Longitudinal Multicenter Study

Conclusions: The results indicate that self-efficacy and motivation are interrelated in improving long-term abstinence and PDA following residential treatments and may play a substantial role in recovery from AUD.Eur Addict Res
Source: European Addiction Research - Category: Addiction Source Type: research

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[Health of adolescents in the 1997/1998 birth cohort in São Luís, Maranhão State, Brazil]. Cad Saude Publica. 2020;36(7):e00164519 Authors: Simões VMF, Batista RFL, Alves MTSSBE, Ribeiro CCC, Thomaz EBAF, Carvalho CA, Silva AAMD Abstract The study aimed to estimate the prevalence of health indicators among adolescents in São Luís, Maranhão State, Brazil, in 2016. The analysis included sociodemographic conditions, life habits, body composition, sleep quality, physical activity, cognitive performance, and suicide risk in 2,515 adolescents 18 to 19 years o...
Source: Cadernos de Saude Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Cad Saude Publica Source Type: research
Conclusions: OUD is more prevalent among certain sociodemographic groups in the US. Targeted interventions focusing on young, White, unmarried, male, and uninsured/Medicaid/Medicare populations should be implemented to reduce the OUD. PMID: 32633664 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Altogether, this work has elucidated additional influences that substrain has on both innate immune response and drinking phenotypes. Our observations highlight the importance of considering and reporting the source and background used for production of transgenic and knockout mice. This data provides further evidence that genetic background must be carefully considered when investigating the role of neuroimmune signaling in ethanol abuse. PMID: 32640038 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
Does religion help or harm people with severe mental illness? In today’s Not Crazy podcast, Gabe and Lisa welcome Rachel Star Wither, host of the Inside Schizophrenia podcast, to discuss religion’s role (or lack thereof) in treating those struggling with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. Rachel relates her personal experiences of mixing religion with her illness and shares how she currently manages to believe in God while keeping her faith “separate” from her symptoms. Tune in for a deep discussion on religion and severe mental illness, including Rachel’s 3-day exorcism experience at age 17....
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Disorders General Interview Not Crazy Podcast Schizophrenia Spirituality Source Type: blogs
AbstractSystematic measurement of simultaneous disordered eating patterns and alcohol consumption enables practitioners to identify harmful behaviors and evaluate behavior change. Despite instruments existing which measure these behaviors, few are tested for gender/ethnicity invariance or against measures for disordered eating behaviors and harmful alcohol consumption, rendering limited empirical support for utility. The College Eating and Drinking Behaviors Scale (CEDBS) is a three-factor, self-report measure. The purpose of this study was to conduct a confirmatory factor analysis, invariance testing, and evaluation of pr...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
Source: Addiction Research and Theory - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: research
Molecules, Vol. 25, Pages 3093: The GABAB Receptor—Structure, Ligand Binding and Drug Development Molecules doi: 10.3390/molecules25133093 Authors: Linn Samira Mari Evenseth Mari Gabrielsen Ingebrigt Sylte The γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) type B receptor (GABAB-R) belongs to class C of the G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs). Together with the GABAA receptor, the receptor mediates the neurotransmission of GABA, the main inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system (CNS). In recent decades, the receptor has been extensively studied with the intention being to understand pathophysiologi...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain affects approximately 22% of the world's population. Opioids can be useful in chronic pain management. However, some patients have negative perception of opioids. The purpose of this research was to evaluate patients' perception ab...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
Conclusions: These results support previous studies and help to appraise differences in personality traits between specific groups in a clinical setting. PMID: 32618499 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research
Drug abuse is a worldwide wide problem affecting individual, society and the environment in general and it is nothing less than the attempted ecocide. Designer drugs are the chemical substances used for recreational purposes and have addictive properties. ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
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