Imaginal Retraining Reduces Craving for Tobacco in 1-Year Controlled Follow-Up Study
Conclusion: The present study provides preliminary support for the long-term efficacy of imaginal retraining on craving for tobacco but not on smoking behaviour, highlighting the importance of multimodal treatment concepts in smoking cessation that target a variety of maintaining factors. Future studies need to investigate the long-term efficacy of the intervention in prospective RCTs that test alternative ways of conveying the technique to improve adherence.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - September 17, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Time Devoted to Individual, Collective, and Two-Person Sports: Its Association with Risk of Exercise Addiction and Alcohol Use Disorder
Conclusions: Results support the hypothesis that different types of sport have different risks for EA (individual sports being more concerned) and AUD (collective sports being more concerned). Results suggest that the type of sports may be a crucial variable to understand how physical activity can be a risk factor for alcohol disorders. The social dimension of collective sports should be further investigated to facilitate preventive approaches.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - September 10, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Longitudinal Assessment of Alcohol Consumption throughout the First COVID-19 Lockdown: Contribution of Age and Pre-Pandemic Drinking Patterns
Conclusions: Lockdown onset and offset constitute key periods for alcohol consumption changes during the COVID-19 crisis, particularly in youth and in individuals with hazardous or problematic drinking patterns.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - September 3, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Comparison of Oxidative Effects of Electronic Cigarette and Tobacco Smoke Exposure Performed Experimentally
Conclusion: Our results indicate that EC smoke induced oxidative stress. Therefore, ECs are potentially risky for human health and can lead to important health problems.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - August 25, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Nasal Opioid Agonist Treatment in Patients with Severe Opioid Dependence: A Case Series
Conclusions: This is the first description of the clinical use of the nasal route of administration for HAT. n-HAT may constitute an important risk-reduced rapid-onset alternative to i-HAT. In particular, it may be suited for patients with injection-related complications, or noninjecting opioid-dependent patients failing to respond to oral OAT.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - July 26, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Polysubstance Use Is Positively Associated with Gaming Disorder Symptom Severity: A Latent Class Analytical Study
Conclusions: Positive associations were shown between higher GD severity and the polysubstance using class. The roles of criteria of “giving up other activities” and “negative consequences” were highlighted in more severe substance use patterns. However, GD severity and criteria did not differ as a function of the level of alcohol use. These findings may imply common roots of GD and illicit drug use in adolescents.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - July 20, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Google Trends Data: A Potential New Tool for Monitoring the Opioid Crisis
Conclusion: Inexpensive, publicly accessible, real-time GT data could supplement and strengthen the monitoring of opioid overdose epidemic if used in conjunction with the existing official data sources.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - July 15, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Erratum
Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - July 6, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Barriers and Facilitators to Seek Help for Substance Use Disorder among Dutch Physicians: A Qualitative Study
Conclusion: Physicians with SUD face barriers when seeking help for SUD mostly at the level of the individual physician. Health services and people around physicians with SUD could facilitate the help-seeking process by offering confidential and nonpunitive support. Future studies should explore whether the barriers and facilitators identified in this study also hold for other mental health issues.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - June 30, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Changes in Online Psychoactive Substance Trade via Telegram during the COVID-19 Pandemic
Conclusions: Telegram analysis shows that in the Netherlands, online psychoactive substance trade may have been affected during the COVID-19 pandemic. The direction of this effect was different for different classes of substances.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - June 16, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Metabolic Dynamics in the Prefrontal Cortex during a Working Memory Task in Young Adult Smokers
Conclusion: Further studies are necessary to shed more light on the association between smoking behaviours and metabolic alterations. However, our preliminary findings would assist in this future research to have a complete understanding of the metabolite interactions not only in smoking but also in addiction research.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - June 2, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Semper Aliquid Haeret
Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - May 28, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Motivational Interviewing for Cannabis Use Disorders: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Conclusions: MI is an effective intervention to reduce cannabis use and achieve abstinence, especially among adults and patients with no prior history of psychotic disorder. Further investigation is needed to assess the effect on CUD symptoms. MI should be included in guidelines for treating cannabis use disorder as one of the essential psychological interventions.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - May 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Explaining the Differences in Opioid Overdose Deaths between Scotland and England/Wales: Implications for European Opioid Policies
Conclusion: It is concluded that the opioid crisis in Scotland is best explained by a combination of drivers, consisting of a higher population involvement in (problematic) opioid use (notably methadone), relatively more polydrug use (notably benzodiazepines and gabapentinoids), a steeper ageing of the PUOP population in the past 2 decades, and lower treatment coverage and efficacy in Scotland compared to England/Wales. The findings have important consequences for strategies to handle the opioid crisis in Scotland.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - May 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Are Individuals with Substance Use Disorders at Higher Risk of SARS-CoV-2 Infection? Population-Based Registry Study in Northern Italy
Conclusions: Individuals with alcohol and/or other drug use disorders are at higher risk of being tested for SARS-CoV-2 infection but at lower risk of resulting positive than the general population. Further research is warranted in order to support our findings and to address plausible factors underpinning such associations.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - May 5, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Smokers “Context Reactivity” in Virtual Domestic Environments
Conclusion: Our study provides an experimental paradigm for assessing context reactivity in smokers and suggests a potential use for the identification of non-pharmacological interventions as a co-adjuvant of smoking cessation treatment.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - May 3, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Effects of the Lockdown during the COVID-19 Pandemic on Alcohol and Tobacco Consumption Behavior in Germany
Conclusion: These findings suggest that it is important to start campaigns to inform the general population about potential long-term effects of increased alcohol and tobacco consumption and to raise the health-care professionals ’ awareness of this topic.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - April 26, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Cabergoline in Treatment of Methamphetamine-Dependent Patients and Its Effect on Serum Level of Glial Cell-Derived Neurotrophic Factor: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial
Conclusion: The findings of this study confirmed the effect of cabergoline in reducing methamphetamine use. However, a serum level of the GDNF increase, as seen in animal studies, was not associated with cabergoline treatment of human subjects. This study was registered at the Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials (TRN:IRCT2015050422077N1, October 06, 2015, https://en.irct.ir/trial/19134).Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - April 15, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Prevalence and Sociodemographic Determinants of Substance Use in Turkey
Conclusion: Tobacco, alcohol, and other substance use are serious health concerns in Turkey. Sociodemographic status is an important determinant of several aspects of tobacco, alcohol, and other substance use and, therefore, should be examined thoroughly to be able to develop effective protective and preventive strategies.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - April 14, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Alcohol Use during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Self-Reported Changes and Motives for Change
Conclusions: After the COVID-19 restrictions were implemented, a substantial proportion of Norwegians changed their drinking behaviour.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - April 9, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Quality of Life in Opioid Replacement Therapy: A Naturalistic Cross-Sectional Comparison of Methadone/Levomethadone, Buprenorphine, and Diamorphine Patients
Conclusion: Measurement of important QoL aspects indicates significant differences for physical and psychological functioning in patients receiving the substitutes methadone/levomethadone, diamorphine, and buprenorphine. This could be relevant for the differential therapy of opioid addiction.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - March 30, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The EUFAS European Addiction Research Award 2020
Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - March 19, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The North American Overdose Crisis and the European-American “Fentanyl and Treatment Gap”
Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - March 18, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Epidemiology of Substance Use Disorders among the Adult Jewish Population in Israel
Conclusions: These findings represent substantially higher rates of SUDs in Israel than those previously reported and should affect resources allocated to addiction prevention and treatment. Further research on the role of gender, age, culture, and ethnicity in the propensity to develop SUDs is necessary for the development of more focused preventive and intervention measures. Focusing on non-Jewish populations in Israel and broadening the scope to include behavioral addictions should be addressed in future studies.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - March 17, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

A Retrospective Cohort Study Comparing In-Person and Telemedicine-Based Opioid Agonist Treatment in Ontario, Canada, Using Administrative Health Data
Conclusion: Our findings support the conclusion that telemedicine is equal to in-person care regarding mortality opioid-related emergency department visits and retention, and is a viable option for those seeking opioid agonist treatment.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - March 11, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Reward-Related Attentional Capture Moderates the Association between Fear-Driven Motives and Heavy Drinking
Conclusion: These findings have implications for understanding how cognition may interact with motives in association with problematic drinking. Specifically, the findings highlight different potential pathways to problematic drinking according to an individual ’s cognitive-motivational profile and may inform tailored interventions to target profile-specific mechanisms. Finally, these findings offer support for contemporary models of addiction that view excessive goal-directed behaviour under negative affect as a critical contributor to addictive behavio urs.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - March 11, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Neurofeedback Training versus Treatment-as-Usual for Alcohol Dependence: Results of an Early-Phase Randomized Controlled Trial and Neuroimaging Correlates
Conclusion: We demonstrated that rtfMRI-neurofeedback targeting hyperactivity of the salience network in response to alcohol cues is feasible in currently abstinent patients with alcohol dependence.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - March 5, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Validation of the Opioid Overdose Knowledge (OOKS) and Attitudes (OOAS) Scales in French, Spanish, and German Languages, among a Sample of Opioid Users
Conclusion: While satisfactory results were found for the 3 versions of the OOKS, results on the OOAS were relatively inconsistent, suggesting a possible gap between knowledge and attitudes on overdose among opioid users.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - March 3, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Preventive Interventions for Young Adults in Nightlife: Coproduction for a Systematic Literature Assessment Followed by a Stakeholder Dialogue Process
Conclusion: The systematic involvement of stakeholders was an inspiring means for identifying evidence relevant for practice and policy in nightlife and fostering implementation. Especially, individual-based interventions, such as personalized feedback via social media and guided reflection on alcohol or drug use, and broader networking, were considered promising.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - February 26, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure and Brain Functioning Associated with Smoking Cue-Reactivity and Inhibitory Control in Nonsmoking Adolescents
Conclusion: These findings suggest that low-to-moderate levels of current ETS exposure are not associated with increased salience of smoking cues or deficits in inhibitory control in nonsmoking adolescents. Longitudinal research is needed to further clarify the exact effect of lifetime ETS exposure on brain functioning, as well as research focusing on the effects of higher levels of ETS exposure.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - February 10, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Calcium Carbonate Attenuates Withdrawal and Reduces Craving: A Randomized Controlled Trial in Alcohol-Dependent Patients
Conclusion: Our data support earlier findings and show that treatment with calcium carbonate during alcohol withdrawal reduces symptoms of alcohol withdrawal as well as alcohol craving in a controlled clinical pilot study. Mode of actions will need to be determined to allow the further development of pharmacological interventions beyond Ca2+ bis-acetyl-homotaurinate.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - February 10, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Double Effect of COVID-19 Confinement Measures and Economic Recession on High-Risk Drug Users and Drug Services
The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic is likely to have a profound impact on the lives of high-risk drug users and on the services responding to their needs in at least two important ways: first, through the restrictive measures introduced to mitigate the spread of the virus and, second, as a result of extensive economic downturn. Currently there is great uncertainty as to the future intensity and duration of the pandemic. In addition, the lessons we have been able to learn from previous economic downturns may be of limited applicability to the current situation, which differs in a number of significant respects. Experience nevert...
Source: European Addiction Research - January 21, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Buying-Shopping Disorder among Women: The Role of Vulnerability to Marketing, Buying Motives, Impulsivity, and Self-Esteem
Conclusions: Compulsive buyers seem to be more sensitive to marketing strategies, although vulnerability to marketing was not identified as a predictor of the severity of BSD. Given the enormous literature on the role of marketing in other addictive behaviours, further studies are needed to better understand the role of marketing in BSD to develop appropriate public health policies.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - December 16, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Alcohol Problems among Prisoners: Subgroup Variations, Concurrent Drug Problems, and Treatment Needs
Conclusions: More than half of the prisoners in Norway had AUDIT scores that indicated they could benefit from alcohol-related interventions, and the prevalence was elevated in younger, less educated groups of previously convicted DWI, and violent offenders. Alcohol problems were most often combined with drug problems, and possible dual dependence was associated with particularly severe drinking problems.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - December 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Cannabis and Pregnancy: A Psychiatric, Medical, or General Population Issue?
Conclusions: Addiction to cannabis during pregnancy has an increased rate confirming surveys on the general US population but seem entirely linked to psychiatric issues, especially borderline personality disorder. Personality disorders may have been underestimated in surveys in the general population until now because these are usually not assessed.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - December 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Effectiveness of Smoking Cessation Interventions Tailored to Smoking Parents of Children Aged 0 –18 Years: A Meta-Analysis
Conclusion: Smoking cessation interventions tailored to parents are modestly effective. To increase the effectiveness and the impact of these interventions in terms of controlling tobacco use and public health, it is crucial for further research to explore how these interventions can be improved.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - December 11, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Comparison of European Clinical Guidelines on the Management of Alcohol Use Disorders
Conclusions: The results of this survey reflect widespread good practice in producing AUD clinical guidelines across European countries. Regional research collaborations could offer significant time and cost savings in producing the evidence base from which guidelines are then written.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - December 8, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Feedback-Related Brain Potentials Indicate the Influence of Craving on Decision-Making in Patients with Alcohol Use Disorder: An Experimental Study
Conclusions: Results support orientation to reward in AUD patients, particularly amplified upon experienced craving, which may interfere with (feedback-guided) decision-making even in alcohol-unrelated context. Craving-accentuated ERP indices suggest neuroadaptive changes of cognitive-motivational states upon chronic alcohol abuse. Together with altered reward-related expectancies, this has to be considered in intervention and relapse prevention.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - December 8, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Emerging Adults in Inpatient Substance Use Treatment: A Prospective Cohort Study of Patient Characteristics and Treatment Outcomes
Conclusions: Treatment and follow-up initiatives could be better tailored for emerging adults. Identification of treatment needs among emerging adults manifesting polysubstance use and ADHD may reduce the likelihood of unfavorable treatment outcomes in this patient group.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - December 4, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Slam Practice: A Review of the Literature
Conclusion: The data we found in international literature were very heterogeneous and from poorly reproducible studies. The definition of slamming in the international literature is not always clear, which limits the completeness of the collected data. This topic has been open to studies only recently; however, health professionals must be trained in the management of this practice, considering its risks in the short and medium terms and its addictive potential. We provided and discussed recommendations and potential future directions.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - December 4, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Fewer Cancer Cases in 4 Countries of the WHO European Region in 2018 through Increased Alcohol Excise Taxation: A Modelling Study
Conclusion: Increasing excise duties can markedly reduce cancer incidence in European countries.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - December 3, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Polymorphisms in Stress-Related Genes Are Associated with Reduced Cocaine Abuse and Longer Retention in Methadone Maintenance Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder
Conclusions: The study suggests that a reduction in cocaine abuse and longer retention among MMT patients is mediated in part by variants in stress-related genes and is a step toward precision medicine.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - November 26, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Influences of Fasting on Stress Response and Withdrawal Symptoms in Habitual Khat Users
Conclusion: These preliminary results demonstrate that fasting is associated with reduced negative affect and withdrawal symptoms in khat users. Khat use was related to blunted blood pressure stress responses, but this was independent of fasting. Due to the small sample size, these results should be replicated with a large sample and comprehensive stress tasks.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - November 17, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Contents Vol. 26, 2020
Eur Addict Res 2020;26:I –VI (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - November 12, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Acknowledgement
Eur Addict Res 2020;26:365 (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - November 12, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Associations of Buying-Shopping Disorder Symptoms with Identity Confusion, Materialism, and Socially Undesirable Personality Features in a Community Sample
Conclusion: The findings suggest that individuals with BSD attempt to address their narcissistic deficits via materialistic possessions. This assumption warrants further investigation in a clinical sample.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - October 29, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Compulsive Health-Related Internet Use and Cyberchondria
Conclusions: The finding that the adapted CIUS scores are associated with cyberchondria indicates that cyberchondria has a compulsive component, at least in terms of health-related Internet use. It also suggests that compulsive health-related Internet use persists despite the distress associated with this activity. Males may engage in cyberchondria more compulsively than females. These findings have implications for research and clinical practice.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - October 29, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Cognition and Cortical Thickness in Heavy Cannabis Users
Conclusions: The data support the notion of domain-specific cognitive impairment in individuals with HCU and provide a neuromechanistic understanding of such deficits, particularly with respect to abnormal CT in brain areas associated with long-term memory processing.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - October 20, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Characteristics of Patients in Treatment for Alcohol and Drug Addiction Who Succeed in Changing Smoking, Weight, and Physical Activity: A Secondary Analysis of an RCT on Combined Lifestyle Interventions
Conclusions: Having several unhealthy lifestyles in addition to alcohol and drug addiction was a significant predictor of successful lifestyle changes in the short- and long term after the VIP for lifestyle interventions. Likewise, education was significant. The results should be considered in future development and research among this vulnerable group of patients.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - October 20, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Cannabis Use during Pregnancy and Risk of Adverse Birth Outcomes: A Longitudinal Cohort Study
Conclusions: There was a statistically significant and clinically relevant association between the use of cannabis during pregnancy and reduced birth weight. Clinicians should screen not only for cannabis use but also for the length and intensity of use as part of a comprehensive substance use screening.Eur Addict Res (Source: European Addiction Research)
Source: European Addiction Research - October 9, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research