Childhood Health Shocks, Comparative Advantage, and Long-Term Outcomes: Evidence from the Last Danish Polio Epidemic

Publication date: Available online 23 April 2019Source: Journal of Health EconomicsAuthor(s): Miriam Gensowski, Torben Heien Nielsen, Nete Munk Nielsen, Maya Rossin-Slater, Miriam WüstAbstractThis paper examines the long-term effects of childhood disability on individuals’ educational and occupational choices, late-career labor market participation, and mortality. We merge medical records on children hospitalized with poliomyelitis during the 1952 Danish epidemic to census and administrative data, and exploit quasi-random variation in paralysis incidence in this population. While childhood disability increases the likelihood of early retirement and disability pension receipt at age 50, paralytic polio survivors are more likely to obtain a university degree and to go on to work in white-collar and computer-demanding jobs than their non-paralytic counterparts. Our results are consistent with individuals making educational and occupational choices that reflect a shift in the comparative advantage of cognitive versus physical skills. We also find that paralytic polio patients from low socioeconomic status backgrounds are more likely to die prematurely than their non-paralytic counterparts, whereas there is no effect on mortality among polio survivors from more advantaged backgrounds.
Source: Journal of Health Economics - Category: Health Management Source Type: research

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Poliomyelitis (polio) is a common cause of early-onset physical disabilities. An epidemic of polio occurred in Taiwan during the 1950s and 1960s [1]. Subjects with sequelae of polio often contracted the illness before the age of 3 years, and it was the spinal type in Taiwan [2]. Most of them have abnormal gait patterns and require aids for walking because of motor impairments, such as muscular atrophy and weakness of the legs. Falling often occurs in persons who require aids for walking and have moderate gait impairment [3].
Source: Injury - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract In the context of the White Book of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) in Europe, this paper deals with the history of the PRM medical specialty. The specialty evolved in different European countries, and sometimes also into the single countries, from different medical streams that finally joined. These included among others: balneology, gymnastic, use of physical agents (water, heat, cold, massage, joint manipulations, physical exercise, etc.). Another important role has been played by the increasing number of people experiencing or likely to experience disability due to improvement of medicine a...
Source: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Eur J Phys Rehabil Med Source Type: research
Conclusion The US has the highest vaccination rate of all industrialized countries. US children are experiencing a health epidemic with more chronic diseases than ever before in our history. The US has the highest infant mortality in a study comparing America with 29 other developed countries. Children in the US suffered with more autism than in all other countries studied. Studies comparing vaccinated and unvaccinated show conclusively that unvaccinated children enjoy far superior health. Research and data demonstrate that vaccines cause neurological damage and contribute to significant health damage. Vaccines are a major...
Source: vactruth.com - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Logical Michelle Goldstein Recent Articles Top Picks autism truth about vaccines vaccine injuries Source Type: blogs
By Minda Dentler In January, my daughter celebrated her second birthday. She ran around our apartment with cake on her face and a joyful grin. Pushing around in my wheelchair, I could not catch her, and it hit me again that I cannot run. I cannot even pick her up off the ground if she falls down. I can't do these things because my legs are paralyzed from contracting polio as an infant in India. My daughter did not face this risk because she was protected by the polio vaccine. Today, more than any time in history, we are able to save children's lives and prevent disabilities through the use of vaccines. Yet also today, the ...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Rehabilitation medicine is one of the best-kept secrets in health care. Although the specialty is as old as America’s Civil War, few people are familiar with its history and purpose. Born out of compassion for wounded soldiers in desperate need of societal re-entry and meaningful employment, “physical reconstruction” programs were developed to provide everything from adaptive equipment to family training, labor alternatives and psychological support for veterans. Physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) then expanded to meet the needs of those injured in World Wars I &II, followed closely by childr...
Source: Kevin, M.D. - Medical Weblog - Category: Journals (General) Authors: Tags: Conditions Hospital Source Type: blogs
This blog post first appeared at: Curious Dr. George  Rehabilitation medicine is one of the best-kept secrets in healthcare. Although the specialty is as old as America’s Civil War, few people are familiar with its history and purpose. Born out of compassion for wounded soldiers in desperate need of societal re-entry and meaningful employment, “physical reconstruction” programs were developed to provide everything from adaptive equipment to family training, labor alternatives and psychological support for veterans. Physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) then expanded to meet the needs of those i...
Source: Better Health - Category: American Health Authors: Tags: Health Tips Opinion Cancer Rehab Oncology Physiatry PM&R Rehabilitating From Cancer Rehabilitation Medicine Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 10 May 2016 Source:PM&R Author(s): John F. Ditunno, Bruce E. Becker, Gerald J. Herbison Revisiting the ailments of famous historical persons in light of contemporary medical understanding has become a common academic hobby. Public discussion of Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s (FDR) diagnosis of poliomyelitis following his sudden onset of paralysis in 1921 has received just such a revisitation. Recently, this 2003 historical analysis has been widely referenced on the Internet and in biographies raising speculation that his actual diagnosis should have been Guillain-Barre Syndrom...
Source: PMandR - Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research
Conclusion There is mounting evidence to suggest that vaccinations and medications containing aluminum salts are harmful to brain development. We need to ask ourselves why a vaccination known to contain well above the recommended levels of aluminum has been passed as safe for use in pregnancy by the Brazilian Health Ministry. For more information on the dangers of aluminum, I recommend parents read the growing number of articles, studies and peer-reviewed papers that the Children’s Medical Safety Research Institute have listed on their website.   References: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7087284 www.cdc.gov/...
Source: vactruth.com - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Christina England Logical Top Stories adjuvants Aluminum Salts Brazil Dr. Sears Microcephaly Source Type: blogs
"Is Mommy okay?" The words always came out as a whisper. Maybe I didn't want to wake my little brother, maybe because it was late in the night and that is just what people do, or maybe I was scared of the answer. A few minutes before I nervously asked my question, I had been awakened by the sound of a low moan. Most children would conjure up ghosts in their closets or a monster under their bed, but I knew exactly what it was; I tiptoed past my sleeping brother,and hurried to my parents' room. I lightly placed my hand on their door and slowly pushed it open, the fear rising in my chest. I would not step into t...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
The world is experiencing the greatest forced migration crisis since World War II — originating in fragile states in the Middle East and Africa and now spilling over to Europe. Nearly 60 million asylum seekers, refugees, and internally displaced persons (IDPs) have fled their homes to escape conflict, violence, and starvation. This global migration crisis shows no sign of abating, with intense political discord in host countries compounded by a failure of the international community to develop appropriate and sufficient strategies to assist the displaced. A divided European Union (EU) voted to distribute 120,000 asyl...
Source: Health Affairs Blog - Category: Health Management Authors: Tags: Equity and Disparities Featured Global Health Population Health Public Health Quality Access Europe refugees Syria United Nations Source Type: blogs
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