Vector-borne Diseases: An Ongoing Threat

Vector-borne diseases (VBDs) are responsible for significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. In the United States, VBDs continue to increase, with 9 new VBDs identified since 2004 and most recently in 2017 a new vector, Haemaphysalis longicornis. Vectors such as ticks, mosquitoes, and fleas are capable of transmitting bacteria, viruses, and parasites. This updated review of the current recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, ehrlichiosis, and West Nile virus will help prepare nurse practitioners to provide safe, competent care for their patients and communities at large.
Source: The Journal for Nurse Practitioners - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Feature Article Source Type: research

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BACKGROUND: North America is experiencing a rising trend of opioid overdose exacerbated primarily in recent years through adulteration of the heroin supply with fentanyl and its analogues. The east coast of the United States has been particularly hard hit ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
Study Design. A prospective observational study. Objective. The aim of this study was to evaluate group-level and individual-level change in health-related quality of life among persons with chronic low back pain or neck pain receiving chiropractic care in the United States. Summary of Background Data. Chiropractors treat chronic low back and neck pain, but there is limited evidence of the effectiveness of their treatment Methods. A 3-month longitudinal study of 2024 patients with chronic low back pain or neck pain receiving care from 125 chiropractic clinics at six locations throughout the United States was con...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH Source Type: research
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Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Step I Source Type: forums
Background No criterion-standard patient-reported outcome measure of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) exists. Objectives The aims of this study were to reevaluate the sensitivity, reliability, and validity of the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire–CIPN (QLQ-CIPN20) measure and suggest possible revisions that could strengthen it. Methods Cross-sectional QLQ-CIPN20 data from 8 European countries (n = 271) were pooled with data from 4 North American multisite CIPN intervention trials (n = 884). The combined sample (N = 1155) included patients...
Source: Cancer Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: ARTICLES Source Type: research
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) recipients may infrequently develop parasitic infections at the time of the procedure via contamination from allograft tissue or blood products, and in the post-transplantation period through the traditional route of infection or as a reactivation caused by immunosuppression related to the transplant. To reduce risk, efforts should be directed at performing a comprehensive history, maintaining a high index of suspicion, and adhering to preventive measures. Additional strategies for the prevention, screening and careful follow-up, identification, and pre-emptive treatment of pa...
Source: Infectious Diseases Clinics of North America - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
Infectious complications represent one of the most common causes of morbidity and mortality in allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) recipients. Prophylactic and preemptive treatment strategies against bacterial, fungal, viral, and parasitic pathogens are routinely implemented during high-risk post-HCT periods at most transplant centers. The basic concepts and review of current guidelines of antibiotic prophylaxis and empirical/preemptive antibiotic treatment in allogeneic HCT recipients are reviewed in this article.
Source: Infectious Diseases Clinics of North America - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Frost DM, Fine M, Torre ME, Cabana A Abstract Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and gender non-conforming (LGBTQ &GNC) youth experience more economic hardship and social stress than their heterosexual and cisgender peers. However, the ways that LGBTQ &GNC youth resist these damaging social factors and the corresponding implications for their health have not been addressed. Data were analyzed from a national participatory survey of LGBTQ &GNC youth ages 14-24 (N = 5,860) living in the United States. Structural equation models indicated that economic precarity was associa...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2019Source: Parasitology International, Volume 71Author(s): Gerardo A. Zavala, Colleen M. Doak, France Portrait, Jaap C. Seidell, Olga P. García, Jorge L. Rosado, Tatina Jarquín, Katja Polman, Maiza Campos-Ponce
Source: Parasitology International - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Conclusion: This case of thyroid bed PG supports the idea that PG reflects a cutaneous phenotype encompassed in the spectrum of systemic neutrophilic diseases. Endocrinologists should be aware that thyroid bed PG involvement is an albeit rare differential diagnosis to consider in patients who had undergone thyroid surgery, especially with a history of PG. Introduction Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), the main variant of differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC), is the most common thyroid cancer, accounting for 70–80% of all thyroid carcinomas and occurring predominantly in women, generally with a good prognos...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Tatsuya Daikoku1,2* and Masato Yumoto1 1Department of Clinical Laboratory, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan 2Department of Neuropsychology, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany In an auditory environment, humans are frequently exposed to overlapping sound sequences such as those made by human voices and musical instruments, and we can acquire information embedded in these sequences via attentional and nonattentional accesses. Whether the knowledge acquired by attentional accesses interacts with that acquired by nonattentional accesses is...
Source: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
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