Evaluation of an E-Learning Training Program to Support Implementation of a Group-Based, Theory-Driven, Self-Management Intervention For Osteoarthritis and Low-Back Pain: Pre-Post Study

This study investigated the effect of the E-SOLAS training program on relevant outcomes of effective training and implementation. Methods: Thirteen physiotherapists from across Ireland were trained via E-SOLAS by using mixed methods, and seven physiotherapists progressed to implementation of the 6-week group-based SOLAS intervention. The effectiveness of E-SOLAS was evaluated using the Kirkpatrick model at the levels of reaction (physiotherapist engagement and satisfaction with E-SOLAS training methods and content), learning (pre- to posttraining changes in physiotherapists’ confidence and knowledge in delivering SOLAS content and self-determination theory-based communication strategies, administered via a SurveyMonkey questionnaire), and behavior (fidelity to delivery of SOLAS content using physiotherapist-completed weekly checklists). During implementation, five physiotherapists audio recorded delivery of one class, and the communication between physiotherapists and clients was assessed using the Health Care Climate Questionnaire (HCCQ), the Controlling Coach Behaviour Scale (CCBS), and an intervention-specific measure (ISM; 7-point Likert scale). A range of implementation outcomes were evaluated during training and delivery (ie, acceptability, appropriateness, feasibility, fidelity, and sustainability of E-SOLAS) using a posttraining feedback questionnaire and individual semistructured telephone interviews. Results: With regard to their reaction, physiotherapists (n=...
Source: Journal of Medical Internet Research - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research

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ConclusionIn patients with knee OA, those with WSP demonstrated greater degrees of PS compared with those with knee OA only, LBP and multi-joint pain. They also demonstrated a slower SCT compared with those with KOA only and LBP and decreased self-reported function compared with those with KOA only. These results should be confirmed in a longitudinal study.Key Points• In people with knee OA and widespread pain, measures of sensitization, self-reported function and physical performance were poorer compared with those with knee OA and LBP, knee OA and multi-joint pain or knee OA only.• Clinicians can consider these...
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Authors: Kwak DG, Kwak SG, Lee AY, Chang MC Abstract Lumbar facet joint osteoarthritis (FJOA) caused by degenerative change(s) is considered to be the main cause of facet joint-origin low back pain (LBP). Intra-articular lumbar facet joint (IA LFJ) corticosteroid injection is widely used for controlling pain induced by FJOA. In the current study, the outcomes of IA LFJ corticosteroid injection were evaluated according to the severity of FJOA. A total of 50 patients who received IA LFJ corticosteroid injections for the treatment of LFJ pain were recruited. Patients were classified into three groups according to the ...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Abstract Chronic musculoskeletal pain and disability dramatically reduce quality and quantity of life worldwide, disproportionately so in low- and middle-income countries. Complementary therapies not typically learned in conventional medical training have much to offer but are under-utilized. Prolotherapy is an injection-based complementary therapy supported by high-quality evidence for osteoarthritis, tendinopathy, and low back pain. Prolotherapy addresses causes of pain and disability at the tissue level, is straightforward to learn, and relies on common, inexpensive material, and requires no refrigeration. Not-...
Source: Health Physics - Category: Physics Authors: Tags: Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am Source Type: research
Chronic pain continues to be a significant global burden despite the availability of a variety of nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic treatment options. Thus, there is a need for new analgesics with novel mechanisms of action. In this regard, antibodies directed against nerve growth factor (NGF-Abs) are a new class of agents in development for the treatment of chronic pain conditions such as osteoarthritis and chronic low-back pain. This comprehensive narrative review summarizes evidence supporting pronociceptive functions for NGF that include contributing to peripheral and central sensitization through tropomyosin receptor...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Comprehensive Review Source Type: research
ConclusionBony stress in the lumbar spine was prevalent in 11% of patients under 25  years of age. It was commonly undiagnosed in radiology reports (not reported in 36% of the cases). Being significantly associated and with an increased likelihood of IVD degeneration and LBP, we posit that bony stress is likely a symptomatic and clinically meaningful diagnostic entity in the asses sment of LBP.Graphic abstractThese slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Chronic musculoskeletal pain and disability dramatically reduce quality and quantity of life worldwide, disproportionately so in low- and middle-income countries. Complementary therapies not typically learned in conventional medical training have much to offer but are under-utilized. Prolotherapy is an injection-based complementary therapy supported by high-quality evidence for osteoarthritis, tendinopathy, and low back pain. Prolotherapy addresses causes of pain and disability at the tissue level, is straightforward to learn, and relies on common, inexpensive material, and requires no refrigeration. Not-for-profit organiz...
Source: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: In this study, the coastal areas of South Korea carry a higher burden than the national population. Additionally, chronic diseases compose the majority of the health burden in coastal areas. Despite the limitation of data, YLD was the best tool available for evaluating the health outcomes in specific areas, and has the advantage of simplicity and timely analysis.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Conclusion. We develop a novel LFJ OA model demonstrating the effect of abnormal mechanical instability on the degeneration of LFJ. This LFJ degeneration model that highly mimics the clinical conditions is a valuable tool to investigate the LFJ osteoarthritis. Level of Evidence: N/A
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: BASIC SCIENCE Source Type: research
Conclusions: Ochronosis is a very rare disease in Asia. This paper supplies new information for study of this disease. The mechanism is still unknown right now. Further studies will be necessary.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To ensure that 16 weeks of methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) does not cause adverse effects in patients with the musculoskeletal disorders of osteoarthritis and back pain. DESIGN: We carried out a subgroup analysis on data from a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, "The use of Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) in the treatment of low back pain," to determine the safety of taking 6 g daily of MSM (OptiMSM®, Bergstrom Nutrition). We monitored metabolic parameters to determine whether MSM altered hematologic, liver or kidney function. We also monitored physiologic par...
Source: Complementary Therapies in Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Complement Ther Med Source Type: research
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