Measles Outbreak in Philippines Spreads Beyond Capital

Health officials said a vaccine scare in 2017 had deterred parents from immunizing their children against the disease.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Philippines Politics and Government Measles Vaccination and Immunization Children and Childhood Epidemics Sanofi SA Dengue Fever Deaths (Fatalities) Dengvaxia Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 21 February 2020Source: MethodsXAuthor(s): Bogdan C. Donose, Ashwin Vijayan Premavally, Marie-Laure Pype, Katrin DoedererABSTRACTMonitoring the loss of integrity in reverse osmosis (RO) membranes is crucial for protection of public health as small imperfections can result in catastrophic pathogen outbreaks. However, understanding the phenomena accompanying the loss of integrity in RO membranes relies on properly characterizing and interpreting performance data. Reproducing chemical and mechanical damage in model membranes that mimic the conditions of real-time operation is difficult. Mech...
Source: MethodsX - Category: Science Source Type: research
Researchers look to messenger RNA encased in nanoparticles, DNA plasmids, molecular clamps, and other approaches as they rush to design a vaccine against the new coronavirus.
Source: The Scientist - Category: Science Tags: News & Opinion Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 20 February 2020Source: The Lancet Global HealthAuthor(s): Xin Wang, You Li, Katherine L O'Brien, Shabir A Madhi, Marc-Alain Widdowson, Peter Byass, Saad B Omer, Qalab Abbas, Asad Ali, Alberta Amu, Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner, Quique Bassat, W Abdullah Brooks, Sandra S Chaves, Alexandria Chung, Cheryl Cohen, Marcela Echavarria, Rodrigo A Fasce, Angela Gentile, Aubree GordonSummaryBackgroundSeasonal influenza virus is a common cause of acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI) in young children. In 2008, we estimated that 20 million influenza-virus-associated ALRI and 1 million influenza-viru...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Conclusions Apart West Nile virus (78), thousands of congenital microcephaly cases, fetal brain tissue damage and neurological syndromes have been associated with ZIKV infection. Unfortunately, the epidemics of this mosquito born, and a relative stable virus is on a rise. Although congenital microcephaly is a rare disorder however, due to lack of standardized diagnostic test facilities, the incidence in the geographically widespread ZIKV epidemic regions is higher. Animals studies showed that ZIKV is a neurotropic virus. It directly targets the developing embryonic brain cells by inducing apoptosis, cell-cycle arrest, and...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
(CNN) — From climate change to superbugs, the World Health Organization has laid out 10 big threats to our global health in 2019. And unless these threats get addressed, millions of lives will be in jeopardy. Here’s a snapshot of 10 urgent health issues, according to the United Nations’ public health agency: Not vaccinating when you can One of the most controversial recent health topics in the US is now an international concern. “Vaccine hesitancy — the reluctance or refusal to vaccinate despite the availability of vaccines — threatens to reverse progress made in tackling vaccine-prevent...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health News CNN Local TV Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 15 March 2018Source: EpidemicsAuthor(s): Marco Tulio Angulo, Jorge X. Velasco-HernandezAbstractWe will inevitably face new epidemics where the lack of long time-series data and the uncertainty about the outbreak dynamics make difficult to obtain quantitative predictions. Here we present an algorithm to qualitatively infer time-varying contact rates from short time-series data, letting us predict the start, relative magnitude and decline of epidemic outbreaks. Using real time-series data of measles, dengue, and the current zika outbreak, we demonstrate our algorithm can outperform existing...
Source: Epidemics - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Abstract INTRODUCTION: The continuous deployments of polio resources, infrastructures and systems for responding to other disease outbreaks in many African countries has led to a number of lessons considered as best practice that need to be documented for strengthening preparedness and response activities in future outbreaks. METHODS: We reviewed and documented the influence of polio best practices in outbreak preparedness and response in Angola, Nigeria and Ethiopia. Data from relevant programmes of the WHO African Region were also analyzed to demonstrate clearly the relative contributions of PEI resources a...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
Discussion We applied simple phenomenological models applied to surveillance data of Zika cases from Antioquia, Colombia, to forecast the size of the Zika epidemic and evaluate the reproduction number within the first two disease generations. Using the GRM model that incorporates the possibility of sub-exponential growth dynamics22, we were able to generate reasonable forecasts of epidemic size within 22% of observed values based on 30 days of epidemic data. By contrast, the logistic growth model consistently underestimated the epidemic size and was not able to capture the early growth phase of the Zika epidemic, which exh...
Source: PLOS Currents Outbreaks - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Source Type: research
We describe our application of this model to weekly case reports from countries in the Americas during the first year of CHIKV invasion there. In doing so, we establish direct relationships between climatic drivers and transmission, and we propose a platform for future work that will allow for inference of more nuanced links between transmission and putative drivers and for forecasting the continued spread of CHIKV throughout the Americas. Methods The goal of our analysis was to understand drivers of spatial and temporal variation in the potential for autochthonous transmission, rather than drivers of pathogen movement a...
Source: PLOS Currents Outbreaks - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Source Type: research
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