Ambulance equipment contaminated with drug-resistant superbug

(Reuters Health) - Ambulance oxygen tanks are likely to carry the "superbug" MRSA, a small U.S. study suggests, pointing to the need for regular disinfection of medical equipment.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

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Conclusion: This study provided evidence that ethanol extract of A. oliveriava and A. aucheri can inhibit the biofilm formation of S. aureus. As a traditional Iranian medicine, A. oliveriava and A. aucheri extracts have a potential antibiofilm formation against MRSA strains. PMID: 30873270 [PubMed]
Source: Iranian Journal of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Tags: Iran J Microbiol Source Type: research
This study included bacterial cultures, antibiotic sensitivities and resistance pattern in breast abscesses. Results: 268 patients were included in the study. 143 (53.4%) were Lactational abscesses and 125 (46.6%) were non-Lactational abscesses. 169 (63.0%) harbored S. aureus in which 86 (50.8%) were MRSA. MRSA was the predominant organism in the Lactational group while non-Lactational group had no growth or other organisms in culture in this study. Other growing organisms were Klebsiella pneumoniae, Bacteroides, Pseudomonas, Streptococcus species and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. On comparative analysis, MRSA showed sta...
Source: Iranian Journal of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Tags: Iran J Microbiol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 March 2019Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Yiguo Chen, Shanshan Lu, Yong Zhang, Jinmei Yu, Linqiang Deng, Hui Chen, Yujuan Zhang, Nanjin Zhou, Keng Yuan, Lizhi Yu, Zhanghua Xiong, Xiaomei Gui, Yanrong Yu, Weiping MinAbstractA proliferation of studies have demonstrated that the toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) pathway affects the chemotaxis, phagocytosis, and cytokine release of neutrophils when pathogens invade. Our previous studies have demonstrated that pretreatment with high doses of Pam3CSK4 (>25 μg/ml) improves the antimicrobial activity of neutrophils, however, short-l...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe current practice for removing a patient from contact precautions for MRSA is insufficient. The number of negative nasal swabs required should be increased from 2 to 3 and a decolonization protocol should be implemented.
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
In this study, we assessed the antimicrobial potential of phenolic compounds against MRSA clinical isolates, T. brucei and L. mexicana. By fractionation process, we purified the major prenylated chalcones and acylphloroglucinols, which were quantified by UHPLC-UV in different plant parts, showing their higher content in the active flowers extract. Their potent antibacterial action (MIC < 1 µg/mL for the most active compound) was demonstrated against MRSA strains, through kill curves, post-antibiotic effects, anti-biofilm assays and synergy studies with antibiotics. An antiparasitic activity was also shown ...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 2 February 2019Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): H. Humphreys, D.C. ColemanSummaryIn recent years, approaches to tracking the spread of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) as part of outbreak management have used conventional DNA-based methods, including pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and spa typing. However, when a predominant clone is present, these methods may be insufficiently discriminatory. A literature search was undertaken to highlight how whole-genome sequencing (WGS) has revolutionized the investigation of outbreaks of MRSA, including intrahospital ...
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
WEDNESDAY, March 13, 2019 -- Daily bathing with chlorhexidine plus nasal mupirocin in carriers for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) does not cut rates of hospital-acquired bacterial infections overall in non-critical care units,...
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
ConclusionsThe present investigation is the first report of the phenotypic and genotypic evaluation of antibiotic resistance in the MRSA strains isolated fromP. americana andB. germanica hospital cockroaches. Hospital cockroaches are considered as a potential mechanical vector for MRSA strains.
Source: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Vasanthakumari Neela Antibiotic resistance is a problem that continues to challenge the healthcare sector, especially in clinically significant pathogens like methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Herein is described the isolation and structure elucidation of a bioactive compound from Allium stipitatum with antimicrobial activity. Crude Allium stipitatum dichloromethane extract (ASDE) was subjected to systematic purification by chromatographic procedures to afford various bioactive fractions. A fraction that exhibited anti-MRSA activity (4 µg·mL−1) was further characterized...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
ConclusionOur data revealed significant antimicrobial and antioxidant effects ofC. siliquastrum that contributes significantly to the cytotoxicity of cancer cells that requires further detailed studies.
Source: European Journal of Integrative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
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