Medical News Today: What is a TENS unit and does it work?

Some people use a transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) unit to treat pain. This device works by sending electrical impulses through the skin. It may give people relief from the painful symptoms of arthritis, multiple sclerosis, fibromyalgia, endometriosis, and other conditions. Learn more here.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pain / Anesthetics Source Type: news

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Publication date: August 2019Source: Molecular Immunology, Volume 112Author(s): Elizabeth A. Bemis, Jill M. Norris, Jennifer Seifert, Ashley Frazer-Abel, Yuko Okamoto, Marie L. Feser, M. Kristen Demoruelle, Kevin D. Deane, Nirmal K. Banda, V. Michael HolersAbstractRheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a complex autoimmune disease with an etiology that is not yet well understood, disproportionally affects women and also varies in incidence and prevalence by population. The presence of anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA) is a highly specific biomarker for the diagnosis of clinically apparent RA. ACPA are also present in the ...
Source: Molecular Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
This study included 65 patients with lumbar spondylolisthesis, who underwent either open transpedicular screw fixation (OTPSF) with posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) (OTPSF group, n = 33) or PPSF with reduction system (PPSFr group, n = 32) after PLIF. The slippage degree (SD); the intervertebral disc height (IDH); lumbar lordosis (LL); and segmental angle (SA) were measured on the follow-up simple lateral radiographs. For pain and functional assessment in patients, visual analogue scale (VAS) scores for low back pain and leg pain, and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) scores were measured. SA (P 
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Percutaneous TA access can be achieved safely in most cases to provide access for transcatheter procedures with short procedure times. Device closure of the TA access site is reliable, with a low complication rate and no procedure-related mortality. PMID: 31199350 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of Invasive Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Invasive Cardiol Source Type: research
This study also aimed to demonstrate whether fetal cord blood oxygenation was affected by maternal BMI and/or delivery time. Materials and methods: The study included parturients with ASA I score undergoing cesarean section under spinal anesthesia in 2015 and 2016. They were divided into two groups according to BMI: Group 1 comprised parturients with BMI of
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: General Medicine Tags: Turk J Med Sci Source Type: research
Conclusions: Subparalyzing doses of rocuronium show a distinct effect on muscular endurance as opposed to momentary force. The findings support the hypothesis that low doses of rocuronium act mainly by reducing muscular endurance, thereby facilitating, for example, tracheal intubation. PMID: 31191651 [PubMed]
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research
Conclusion: The IR of CV events in our Italian multicentre cohort was lower than that reported in other European and non-European cohorts. Low-dose ASA may have a role in the primary prophylaxis of CV events in RA patients. PMID: 31192004 [PubMed]
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research
Abstract Pain is common among patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). However, there are very limited data on chronic pain among HNC patients treated with radiation therapy (XRT). In this retrospective study, we focused on the characteristics of chronic post-XRT pain in such patients. Post-XRT pain is common among HNC patients; however, we found discrepancy between frequency of treatment and frequency of chronic pain, suggesting poor documentation of pain in the medical records. Among patients who reported to have chronic post-XRT pain, most of them described having severe pain and used descriptors of neuropathi...
Source: Pain Research and Management - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Pain Res Manag Source Type: research
Abstract Background: Chronic migraine with medication overuse headache (CM-MOH) is the most common type of chronic migraine, and it increases risk of stroke and white matter lesions. These pathologic changes could induce cognitive decline. However, the alteration of cognitive function in CM-MOH patients is not established. Therefore, we took this study to reveal the cognitive performances in CM-MOH. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted between December 2015 and January 2017. Patients were divided into CM-MOH, CMwoMOH (chronic migraine without medication overuse), and MO (migraine without aura) gr...
Source: Pain Research and Management - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Pain Res Manag Source Type: research
aco A Abstract Background: Temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMD) therapy remains an open challenge for modern dentistry. Herein, we propose a new neuromuscular lingual device able to reduce signs and symptoms of TMD in female patients with chronic orofacial pain. Methods: 50 females with myofascial TMD according to RDC/TMD were randomly assigned to study (n = 25) and control groups (n = 25). At T0, both groups received sEMG/KNG and pain evaluation by the VAS scale. The study group received the ELIBA device (lingual elevator by Balercia) constructed under ULF-TENS (ultra-low-fre...
Source: Pain Research and Management - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Pain Res Manag Source Type: research
Abstract Performing a block under ultrasound guidance effectively requires skill; however, inexperienced anesthesiologists often use high-dose LA to ensure success. We aimed to share our experience with the ultrasound-guided infraclavicular brachial plexus block (USGICB) for upper extremity surgeries and to determine changes in failure rate and local anesthetic dose administered with gaining adequate experience. With approval from the local ethics committee, a retrospective review of records of 2953 patients who underwent USGICB between November 2011 and March 2015 was performed for evaluating the following data: ...
Source: Pain Research and Management - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Pain Res Manag Source Type: research
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