Neurosyphilis prevalence at a Portuguese stroke unit care.
CONCLUSION: We observed a low prevalence of NS (0.31%), but this result was surprisingly higher than what was expected in an elderly population. PMID: 30343380 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion: Positive syphilis serology is frequent in patients with acute stroke/TIA in our region. Acute post-stroke CSF abnormalities make the diagnosis of NS difficult in the context of CSF VDRL negative.Cerebrovasc Dis
ConclusionsStroke or stroke-like syndrome of infectious origin can be observed in an important proportion of case presenting with sensory-motor deficit of unknown origin; their accurate diagnosis has a considerable impact in terms of treatment choices and outcome.
CONCLUSION: A diagnosis of syphilitic stroke should be suspected in young patients as a manifestation of syphilis, and tests for neurosyphilis should be routine in neurology departments to make a prompt diagnosis, thereby preventing psychological sequelae. PMID: 29631855 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionsThe prevalence of prothrombotic factors and preceding infections did not significantly differ between stroke patients with a cryptogenic versus an identified cause of stroke and neither is significantly associated with an increased risk of recurrent ischemic events after cryptogenic stroke.
Patient Presentation A 5-month-old male came to clinic for his health supervision visit and followup from his neonatal intensive care stay. He was born prematurely at 28 weeks gestation and his stay was complicated by a right sided Grade III intraventricular hemorrhage, a left-sided Grade IV intraventricular hemorrhage, neonatal seizures, respiratory distress and bronchopulmonary dysplasia, retinopathy of prematurity, acute kidney injury that had resolved, possible necrotizing enterocolitis incidents x 2, and herpes simplex encephalitis. He was on home oxygen, a nasogastric feeding tube because of aspiration risk and mult...
Conclusions:Based on literature review, the transient splenial lesion of corpus callosum has never been reported in patients with CNS tuberculosis. The mechanisms underlying transient splenial lesions may due to intramyelinic edema and inflammatory cell infiltration. This hypothesis supported by the MR spectroscopy findings in our patient. Since early diagnosis and treatment can reduce mortality and morbidity, patients with isolated splenial lesion warrant diagnostic tests for CNS tuberculosis.Study Supported by:The authors report no disclosures relevant to the manuscript.Disclosure: Dr. Wu has nothing to disclose. Dr. Che...
Conclusions:Restricted diffusion, seen typically in ischemia, indicates cytotoxic oedema and irreversible cell damage. In this patient, we postulate a mechanism of severe CNS inflammation with cellular toxicity and small vessel vasculitis. Anti-GAD autoimmunity should be considered in young patients presenting with stroke-like episodes, particularly when accompanied by positive phenomenon.Disclosure: Dr. Neo has nothing to disclose. Dr. Lee has nothing to disclose. Dr. Lee has nothing to disclose.
People with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) develop ischemic stroke through distinct mechanisms. These include infections such as syphilis, tuberculosis, varicella, and other conditions such as cocaine abuse, endocarditis, and hypercoagulability. The effect of improved awareness, detection, and treatment with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on the incidence and outcome of AIDS patients with stroke is unknown.
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Publication date: Available online 11 February 2016 Source:Cor et Vasa Author(s): I. Staikov, I. Stoyanov, M. Staneva, N. Neykov, G. Kirova, P. Polomski, I. Petrov The circle of Willis (CoW) forms the main circulatory system in the human brain. A large number of variations of the CoW is known, and also their association with ischemic stroke. Three cases of young patients with combination of ischemic stroke and anomalies in the CoW are presented, and the value of the color-coded duplex sonography (CCDS) is compared to other imaging diagnostics such as magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and digital subtraction ang...