Subclinical crystal arthropathy: a silent contributor to inflammation and functional disability in knees with osteoarthritis —an ultrasound study
ConclusionSubclinical crystals were detected in a considerable number of patients with primary knee OA. The incidence of crystal deposits was significantly higher in patients with bursitis and knee effusion.
In this study, the obtained IC50 concentration of 51.25 μg/mL exhibits significant anticancer activity against A549 cells than other tested concentrations because of the release of zinc ions, which induce the cell apoptosis. Furthermore, studies on cell cycle validate that ZnO NPs arrest the cell cycle at the sub-G1 phase of A549 cells. These results suggest the utility of phytogenic ZnO NPs for various biomedical applications.Graphical abstract
This article is licensed under aCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported Licence.Da-Jiang Liu, Peter Michael Spurgeon, Jiyoung Lee, Theresa L Windus, Patricia Ann Thiel, James W. Evans Experimental data from low-temperature Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (LTSTM) studies on coinage metal surfaces with very low coverages of S is providing new insights into metal-S interactions. A previous LTSTM study... The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
CONCLUSION: Our analysis found that patients had excellent outcomes across multiple PROM metrics. Future work can build on these results with large patient populations over longer follow-up intervals. Nevertheless, these results provide the foundation and evidence to support the continued use of this innovative technology for total knee arthroplasties. PMID: 31732961 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Wang J, Chen Z Abstract Pain is a salient and complex sensory experience with important affective and cognitive dimensions. The current definition of pain relies on subjective reports in both humans and experimental animals. Such definition lacks basic mechanistic insights and can lead to a high degree of variability. Research on biomarkers for pain has previously focused on genetic analysis. However, recent advances in human neuroimaging and research in animal models have begun to show the promise of a circuit-based neural signature for pain. At the treatment level, pharmacological therapy for pain remain...
ConclusionsResults of this study suggest that significant disparities in the prevalence of disability exist by level of urbanization, with rural U.S. residents having the highest prevalence of disability. Public health interventions to reduce health disparities could include people with disabilities, particularly in rural counties.
Publication date: December 2019Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 57, Issue 6Author(s):
Authors: Apostu D, Lucaciu O, Mester A, Oltean-Dan D, Baciut M, Baciut G, Bran S, Onisor F, Piciu A, Pasca RD, Maxim A, Benea H Abstract Articular cartilage has a complex structure and metabolism which allow for a proper movement within joints. Nevertheless, several systemically administered pharmacological agents have been proved to improve the anabolic response in the case of cartilage lesions. Alendronate, glucosamine, chondroitin sulfate, hyaluronic acid, collagen hydrolysate, vitamin C, vitamin D, aspirin and strontium ranelate have shown positive results in clinical trials. On the other hand, calcitonin, rise...
Authors: Girard BC, Lévy P Abstract PURPOSE: To determine the significance of dry eye syndrome in benign essential blepharospasm. DESIGN: Retrospective consecutive case series. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and forty-four patients (288 eyes) with benign essential blepharospasm. METHODS: All subjects had Schirmer I tear tests. Those scores were analysed as a function of patient age, sex, and blepharospasm severity. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Individual Schirmer-test scores in both eyes of all patients. RESULTS: A total of 144 eligible subjects (mean age±SD: 68.3±11.5 years; 76% femal...
CONCLUSION: Optic neuritis is a pathology frequently encountered in ophthalmology; a good knowledge of symptoms and clinical signs is essential for early diagnosis and optimal management. The identification of autoantibodies, including anti-MOG antibodies, is important for patient management and is part of the required testing for all cases of optic neuritis, in order to adapt the treatment of the acute episode and to provide maintenance therapy to avoid recurrence. PMID: 31732265 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONThe perforated gastric ulcer is a complication of the mini bariatric bypasses, and the laparoscopic treatment of the perforation associated with thorough irrigation for of the abdominal cavity and omentoplasty present good results for management of this complication.