An autologous dendritic cell vaccine polarizes a Th-1 response which is tumoricidal to patient-derived breast cancer cells

AbstractBreast cancer remains one of the leading causes of cancer-associated death worldwide. Conventional treatment is associated with substantial toxicity and suboptimal efficacy. We, therefore, developed and evaluated the in vitro efficacy of an autologous dendritic cell (DC) vaccine to treat breast cancer. We recruited 12 female patients with stage 1, 2, or 3 breast cancer and matured their DCs with autologous tumour-specific lysate, a toll-like receptor (TLR)-3 and 7/8 agonist, and an interferon-containing cocktail. The efficacy of the vaccine was evaluated by its ability to elicit a cytotoxic T-lymphocyte response to autologous breast cancer cells in vitro. Matured DCs ( ≥ 60% upregulation of CD80, CD86, CD83, and CCR7) produced high levels of the Th1 effector cytokine, IL12-p70 (1.2 ng/ml;p 
Source: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 4 November 2019Source: Seminars in Cancer BiologyAuthor(s): Monica Benvenuto, Chiara Focaccetti, Valerio Izzi, Laura Masuelli, Andrea Modesti, Roberto BeiAbstractBreast cancer is both the most common type of cancer and the most frequent cause of cancer mortality in women, mainly because of its heterogeneity and limited immunogenicity. The aim of specific active cancer immunotherapy is to stimulate the host's immune response against cancer cells directly using a vaccine platform carrying one or more tumor antigens. In particular, the ideal tumor antigen should be able to elicit T cell and ...
Source: Seminars in Cancer Biology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis case report describes the evolution of TiME and TNBC molecular subtypes/genomics over time with sequential therapies in a TNBC patient with a CR to atezolizumab monotherapy. These data suggest the TiME is pliable and may be manipulated to maximize response to immunotherapy (NCT01375842,https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01375842?term=NCT01375842&rank=1).
Source: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionsTaxanes were the most common tx choice for 1L mTNBC. Patient characteristics were similar among patients who received pac and nab-pac monotherapy, suggesting that they are prescribed interchangeably when reimbursed by insurance.Editorial acknowledgementMedical writing assistance for this abstract was provided by Chris Lum, PhD, of Health Interactions, and funded by F. Hoffmann-La Roche, Ltd.Legal entity responsible for the studyF. Hoffmann-La Roche, Ltd.FundingF. Hoffmann-La Roche, Ltd.DisclosureJ. O ’Shaughnessy: Honoraria (self): AbbVie Inc.; Honoraria (self): Agendia; Honoraria (self): Amgen Biotechnolo...
Source: Annals of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis first in human clinical trial of combination chemoradiation, cytokine fusion protein, checkpoint inhibitor, and NK cell therapy demonstrated a safe and tolerable immunotherapy protocol. Early efficacy data is encouraging with a 78% disease control rate, 56% ORR and 22% (2/9) CR in pts with metastatic TNBC, 2nd-line or greater.Clinical trial identificationNCT03387085.Legal entity responsible for the studyNantKwest, Inc.FundingNantKwest, Inc.DisclosureP. Soon-Shiong: Leadership role, Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Officer / Board of Directors: NantCell; Leadership role, Shareholder / Stockholder /...
Source: Annals of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionsDevelopment of PD-1 B-cell vaccine was successful, showing no evidence of toxicity or autoimmunity in mice, rabbits and beagle dogs. The combination vaccines could provide improved outcomes in early stage disease sparing patients the toxicity of chemotherapy. A phase 1 clinical trial with the PD-1 vaccine is under planning.Legal entity responsible for the studyThe authors.FundingNIH; Imugene.DisclosureAll authors have declared no conflicts of interest.
Source: Annals of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Abstract Breast cancer, one of the leading causes of death in women in the United States, challenges therapeutic success in patients due to tumor heterogeneity, treatment resistance, metastasis and disease recurrence. Knowledge of immune system involvement in normal breast development and breast cancer has led to extensive research into the immune landscape of breast cancer and multiple immunotherapy clinical trials in breast cancer patients. However, poor immunogenicity and T-cell infiltration along with heightened immunosuppression in the tumor microenvironment have been identified as potential challenges to the...
Source: Advances in Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Adv Cancer Res Source Type: research
Abstract Vaccines can be a cost effective preventive measure for both primary prevention of disease and prevention of disease recurrence. Several vaccines targeting breast cancer oncodrivers are currently being tested in clinical trials. Whereas clinical response rates to breast cancer vaccines have been modest despite the induction of strong antitumor T cell responses, it is through these approaches that valuable insight and knowledge have been gained about tumor immunology. With the emergence of new immunotherapies, there is renewed excitement for effective breast cancer vaccine development. PMID: 3107...
Source: Clinical Breast Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Surg Oncol Clin N Am Source Type: research
Conclusion MTDH is pro-oncogenic factor playing multifaceted and diverse roles in cancer progression. Its association and central role in regulating signaling pathways such a MAPK, wnt/β-catenin, PI3K/AkT, NF-κβ pathways in various cancers shows that it plays a vital role in metastasis. MTDH contribution to chemo and radiotherapy resistance provides a new direction for the development of anticancer therapeutics. Multiple mechanisms converge to promote expression of MTDH in cancers. Further studies are therefore warranted to determine whether the elevated MTDH expression has prognostic value for development...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Michal Yalon1†, Amos Toren1,2†, Dina Jabarin2, Edna Fadida3, Shlomi Constantini3 and Ruty Mehrian-Shai1* 1Pediatric Hemato-Oncology, Edmond and Lilly Safra Children's Hospital and Cancer Research Center, Sheba Medical Center, Ramat Gan, Israel 2The Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel 3Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Dana Children's Hospital, Tel-Aviv-Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel Pediatric brain tumors are the most common solid tumor type and the leading cause of cancer-related death in children. The immune system plays an important r...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In this study, we evaluated the therapeutic benefit of combining the TAB004 antibody with Liposomal-MSA-IL-2 in immune competent and human MUC1 transgenic (MUC1.Tg) mouse models of PDA and investigated the associated immune responses. Treatment with TAB004 + Lip-MSA-IL-2 resulted in significantly improved survival and slower tumor growth compared to controls in MUC1.Tg mice bearing an orthotopic PDA.MUC1 tumor. Similarly, in the spontaneous model of PDA that expresses human MUC1, the combination treatment stalled the progression of pancreatic intraepithelial pre-neoplastic (PanIN) lesion to adenocarcinoma. Treatment with t...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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