Ovary Removal Linked to Kidney Disease

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19, 2018 -- Women who have their ovaries removed before menopause may find themselves at higher risk for chronic kidney disease, a new study suggests. Researchers believe the reason behind it is the drop in estrogen levels that...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

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AbstractPurpose of ReviewPatients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have a greatly increased fracture risk compared with the general population. Gonadal hormones have an important influence on bone mineral density (BMD) and fracture risk, and hormone therapies can significantly improve these outcomes. Gonadal dysfunction is a frequent finding in patients with CKD; yet, little is known about the impact of gonadal hormones in the pathogenesis and treatment of bone health in patients with CKD. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to examine the effects of gonadal hormones and hormone therapies on bone outcomes in me...
Source: Current Osteoporosis Reports - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Objectives: The relationship between the decline of renal function and bone mineral density (BMD) in healthy populations is not well-researched. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the age-related decline in renal function and lumbar spine BMD (LBMD) in a community-based cross-sectional study of 390 healthy postmenopausal women (mean age 62.97 ± 8.79 years) from Shenyang, China. Methods: Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry was used to measure LBMD. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated using a modified Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI)...
Source: Menopause - Category: OBGYN Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Publication date: June 2018 Source:Clinica Chimica Acta, Volume 481 Author(s): Paul Glendenning, S.A. Paul Chubb, Samuel Vasikaran Bone turnover marker (BTMs) concentrations in blood and urine reflect bone-remodelling activity, and may be useful adjuncts in the diagnosis and management of metabolic bone diseases. Newer biomarkers, mainly bone regulatory proteins, are currently being investigated to elucidate their role in bone metabolism and disease and may in future be useful in clinical diagnosis and management of metabolic bone disease. BTM concentrations increase around menopause in women, and at a population level th...
Source: Clinica Chimica Acta - Category: Laboratory Medicine Source Type: research
Abstract Bone turnover marker (BTM's) concentrations in blood and urine reflect bone-remodelling activity, and may be useful adjuncts in the diagnosis and management of metabolic bone diseases. Newer biomarkers, mainly bone regulatory proteins, are currently being investigated to elucidate their role in bone metabolism and disease and may in future be useful in clinical diagnosis and management of metabolic bone disease. BTM concentrations increase around menopause in women, and at a population level the degree of increase in BTM's reflect bone loss. However, lack of adequate data precludes their use in individual...
Source: International Journal of Clinical Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Clin Chim Acta Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 March 2018 Source:American Journal of Kidney Diseases Author(s): Kavitha Vellanki, Susan Hou Most women with dialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 5 (CKD stage 5D) are in the postmenopausal age group. Early menopause is reported for all CKD stages (stages 3-5D). The traditional definition of menopause is not applicable in CKD stage 5(D) because menses can resume with hormone replacement therapy or kidney transplantation. Treatment of vasomotor symptoms continues to be the primary indication for hormone replacement therapy, with no dosing studies done specifically for CK...
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Abstract Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine and reproductive disorder in premenopausal women, characterized by hyperandrogenemia, metabolic syndrome, and inflammation. Women who had PCOS during their reproductive years remain hyperandrogenemic after menopause. The consequence of chronic hyperandrogenemia with advanced aging has not been studied to our knowledge. We have characterized a model of hyperandrogenemia in female rats and have aged them to 22–25 months to mimic advanced aging in hyperandrogenemic women, and tested the hypothesis that chronic exposure to hyperandrogenemia with ...
Source: Physiological Reports - Category: Physiology Authors: Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
DiscussionBy examining the effects of postmenopausal hormone therapy and selective estrogen receptor modulators on kidney function and albuminuria, the results of this systematic review and meta-analysis will inform management of postmenopausal women in the general population. Furthermore, it will evaluate the safety, including the risks of known adverse outcomes of postmenopausal hormone therapy and selective estrogen receptor modulators, in the already vulnerable chronic kidney disease population.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO CRD42016050651
Source: Systematic Reviews - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Premature menopause defined as secondary amenorrhea is common in women with kidney disease. Moreover, the aging population has resulted in increasing numbers of postmenopausal women with kidney disease. Though the pathophysiology is poorly understood, kidney transplantation and more frequent hemodialysis can restore menses and fertility, highlighting the challenges of diagnosing and managing the menopausal transition in the female population with kidney disease. Postmenopausal sex hormone levels affect renovascular physiology, but the clinical impact of menopause on kidney function is unclear.
Source: Seminars in Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Source Type: research
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) affects hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis function, leading to menstrual abnormalities, sexual dysfunction, functional menopause, and loss of fertility. Pregnancy in a patient with CKD is associated with a higher risk of complications to both the mother and the fetus, highlighting the importance of contraceptive counseling at all stages of CKD. There has been limited research on the safety and efficacy of different contraceptive methods in the CKD population, and it is important to tailor the choice of contraception to the patient ’s lifestyle and comorbidity status.
Source: Seminars in Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Source Type: research
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