Quantification of bone gain in central giant cell granuloma of the jaws submitted to intralesional corticotherapy

Conclusion: The tools for analysis of pixel values were useful in the quantification of bone gain in patients submitted to intralesional corticosteroid therapy, and these tools should be f urther explored and used during treatment as auxiliary methods in the evaluation of its efficacy.RESUMO Introdu ção: A lesão central de células gigantes (LCCG) é uma alteração óssea de etiologia desconhecida e comportamento clínico variado, que pode acometer os maxilares. Objetivo: Analisar radiografias provenientes de pacientes portadores de LCCG submetidos à corticoterapia intralesional, visando propor a quantificação de ganho ósseo pós-tratamento. Métodos: Foram selecionados 16 pacientes com diagnóstico microscópico de LCCG cadastrados nos arquivos do Hospital Batista Memorial de Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil. Trinta e duas radiografias (16 iniciais e 16 finais) foram avaliadas por mei o da média dos valores de pixels da região afetada pela afecção antes e após o protocolo completo de aplicação intralesional de corticoide (seis aplicações em intervalos quinzenais de triancinolona hexacetonida). Resultados: Dos pacientes submetidos à pesquisa, 14 (87,5%) apresentaram aum ento da média dos valores de pixels - dado entendido como ganho ósseo - nas radiografias após tratamento com in...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Patologia e Medicina Laboratorial - Category: Pathology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 27 May 2019Source: Respiratory Medicine Case ReportsAuthor(s): Takafumi Yamaya, Hwang Moon Hee, Takayuki Aoyagi, Tatsuya Ogimoto, Naoki Yamada, Ryoichi Ishikawa, Erika Nakai, Kenta Nishi, Chie Yoshimura, Yasuo NishizakaAbstractImmune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have been used to treat lung cancer. Several types of ICI-related interstitial lung diseases have been reported, including organizing pneumonia, non-specific interstitial pneumonia, and diffuse alveolar damage. However, pembrolizumab-associated bronchiolitis requiring treatment for persistent cough has not yet been reported. Here,...
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Zibelman M, Olszanski AJ Abstract Metastatic melanoma is a devastating disease that has been increasing in incidence and until relatively recently had few effective treatment options. With the approval in 2011 of ipilimumab, a monoclonal antibody against cytotoxic T-lymphocyte associated protein 4 (CTLA-4), however, that has begun to change. Ipilimumab is an immune checkpoint inhibitor, a type of immunotherapy that can down-regulate inhibitory signals affecting T-cell activation to unleash more dramatic anti-tumoral responses and offer the possibility of deep and durable remissions in up to 20% of patients...
Source: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network : JNCCN - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Natl Compr Canc Netw Source Type: research
We report a case of pneumonitis with alveolar hemorrhage induced by herbal medicines. A 73-year-old female was admitted to our hospital due to dyspnea and the presence of an abnormal shadow on the chest roentgenogram. She had received treatment with numerous drugs, including the following herbal medicines: Seisin-renshi-in, Chotosan, Rikkunshi-to, and Shakuyakukannzo-to. Chest radiography revealed diffuse ground-glass shadows in both lungs. The bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was progressively bloody. In addition, culture did not show the presence of microorganisms in the fluid. Moreover, there were no findings suggestive of ...
Source: Journal of Nippon Medical School - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: J Nippon Med Sch Source Type: research
ConclusionThe novel steroid ‐eluting implants appear to be beneficial for CRS patients immediately post‐operatively as well as for nasal polyps patients. Interestingly, these implants could be used as a substitute for the beneficial effect of systemic steroid use for CRS patients.
Source: International Forum of Allergy and Rhinology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: REVIEW ARTICLE Source Type: research
Conclusions: The use of antidepressants, especially SNRIs, was associated with a shorter survival time of sCJD patients. The possible changes in neurotransmitters should be emphasized. Scientifically, this study may provide insights into the mechanism of CJD. Clinically, it may contribute to the early diagnosis of CJD.IntroductionDepression is common in the elderly. Its prevalence rate is as high as 11.19%, and this increases progressively with worsening cognitive impairment (1). The presence of depression is an acknowledged risk factor for dementia (2); it can even double the risk for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) (3, 4)...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusions The majority of ED visits for bronchiolitis in the United States occurred in GEDs, yet GEDs had increased use of radiography, corticosteroids, and antibiotics and did not show substantial declines with national guideline publication. Given that national guidelines discourage the use of such tests and treatments in the management of bronchiolitis, efforts are required to decrease ED use of these resources in infants with bronchiolitis, particularly in GEDs.
Source: Pediatric Emergency Care - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
We report a case of a previously healthy 15-year-old boy who presented with fever and acute progressive dyspnea. Due to lack of awareness of cigarette smoking history in adolescents and the nonspecific signs and symptoms of AEP at early stages, the patient was initially treated as community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) but was unresponsive to antibiotics treatment. Diagnoses: A combination of a recent onset smoking history and pulmonary eosinophilia on bronchoalveolar lavage confirmed the diagnosis of cigarette-induced AEP. Interventions: Corticosteroid treatment was prescribed. Outcomes: The condition improved within...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Abstract A 52-year-old man with a 10-year history of treatment-resistant asthma presented with repeated exacerbations over the course of 10 months. His symptoms were not responsive to salbutamol or inhaled corticosteroid agents, and he developed avascular necrosis of his left hip as a result of prolonged steroid therapy. Physical examination and radiography revealed signs consistent with diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH), including a C7-T1 osteophyte causing severe tracheal compression. The patient underwent C6-T1 anterior discectomy and fusion, and the compressive osteophyte was removed, which compl...
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery.Spine - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: J Neurosurg Spine Source Type: research
We present our case in the context of a major review of various treatment strategies described in the literature, including surgical resection, radiotherapy, plasmapheresis, corticosteroids, multiple immunomodulatory medications. PMID: 31021176 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Orbit - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Tags: Orbit Source Type: research
Conclusion: This prospective multicenter study provides information on the current incidence and outcome of IFD in the real life setting. Practice variation between the centers may help to ultimately improve antifungal management in children at highest risk for IFDs. Introduction Available data on the incidence and outcome of invasive fungal diseases (IFD) in children treated for a hematological malignancy or undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) are mostly based on single site, retrospective studies or on studies performed prior to the availability of newer compounds such as broad-sp...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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