Evaluation of the effect of pre-operative oral midazolam on post-operative oral fluid intake after tonsillectomy

The objective of this study was to determine if pre-operative oral midazolam administration decreased postoperative oral fluid intake after tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy.MethodsA retrospective chart review identified 104 patients who were undergoing tonsillectomy with and without adenoidectomy who were not given midazolam preoperatively and 182 who were given midazolam preoperatively. Indications for tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy included obstructive sleep apnea, recurrent acute streptococcal pharyngotonsillitis, and, in selected cases, periodic fever with aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and adenopathy.
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Source Type: research

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AbstractObstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a common pediatric disorder characterized by recurrent events of partial or complete upper airway obstruction during sleep which result in abnormal ventilation and sleep pattern. OSAS in children is associated with neurobehavioral deficits and cardiovascular morbidity which highlights the need for prompt recognition, diagnosis, and treatment. The purpose of this state-of-the-art review is to provide an update on the evaluation and management of children with OSAS with emphasis on children with complex medical comorbidities and those with residual OSAS following first-line ...
Source: Lung - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Sleep-disordered breathing symptoms may recur in some children after successful adenoidectomy. A potential etiology that warrants consideration is torus tubarius hypertrophy (TTH) as well as residual or recurrent adenoid hypertrophy. Here, we report our experience and the treatment outcomes with microscopic coblator-assisted partial resection of TTH. Seven children who had undergone coblator-assisted partial resection of TTH under microscopy from April 2000 through January 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. The patient age at the time of initial adenotonsillectomy and the interval between the first operation and partial ...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVES: Analyze the differences in length of stay, cost, disposition, and demographics between syndromic and non-syndromic children undergoing multi-level sleep surgery. METHODS: Children with sleep disordered breathing or obstructive sleep apnea that had undergone sleep surgeries were isolated from the 1997 to 2012 editions of the Kids' Inpatient Database, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Children were then classified as syndromic or non-syndromic and stratified by level of sleep surgery (tonsillectomy &adenoidectomy, tonsillectomy &ade...
Source: The Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionPersistent sleep apnea following tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy in children requires additional evaluation. One of the common areas of persistent upper airway obstruction in these children is the base of the tongue and lingual tonsils as well as epiglottic prolapse. Depending on the site of obstruction on sleep endoscopy or a cine MRI, surgical procedures include base of tongue reduction and lingual tonsillectomy with or without epiglottopexy.ObjectiveTo assess the swallowing outcomes in children undergoing epiglottopexy with lingual tonsillectomy.MethodsA retrospective case series review of children u...
Source: European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to review the literature on ENT disorders associated with craniosynostosis (CS), focusing on symptoms, diagnostic work-up, treatment and outcome. METHODS: Publications were retrieved by consulting the PubMed® free search engine of the US National Library of Medicine. The term "craniosynostosis" was combined with the following key-words: ENT, apneas, OSAS, sleep-disordered breathing, tonsillectomy, deafness, hearing loss. RESULTS: The main ENT disorders associated with CS are upper airway obstruction, chronic otitis and hearing loss. Obstr...
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research
Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1685156 Introduction Upper airway obstruction at multiple sites, including the velum, the oropharynx, the tongue base, the lingual tonsils, or the supraglottis, has been resulting in residual obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) after tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (TA). The role of combined lingual tonsillectomy and tongue base volume reduction for treatment of OSA has not been studied in nonsyndromic children with residual OSA after TA. Objective To evaluate the outcomes of tongue base volume reduction and lingual tonsillectomy in children with residual OSA after TA...
Source: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The role of the anesthesiologist is pediatric OSAS is crucial before, during and after surgery, as pediatric patients are at higher risk of preoperative, perioperative and postoperative adverse events including airway obstruction, PONV, and bleeding. PMID: 30920637 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Otolaryngologic assessment is of paramount importance to correctly classify a child with OSA. Correct inspection of the upper airway and quantification of the quality of sleep through polysomnography lead to the right therapeutic choice. Knowledge of different surgical techniques helps to deal with residual OSA after studying the obstruction sites by drug-induced sedation endoscopy. PMID: 30920635 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
ConclusionsAlthough comorbid AR may initially appear to impede improvement in QoL after PITA, QoL was improved similarly 6 months after PITA, irrespective of AR status. In children with comorbid AR, PITA could be safely performed to treat sleep-disordered breathing without concerns regarding worsening of QoL.
Source: American Journal of Otolaryngology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
The objective of this abstract is to evaluate preliminary clinical outcomes of the integrated SCD-pulmonary clinic during the intervention phase (July 2017-June 2018) compared to 24 months prior to implementation (July 2015-June 2017). We hypothesized an integrated clinic model would improve access to specialized pulmonary care for children with SCD and reduce hospitalizations for vaso-occlusive episodes (VOEs). The primary endpoints are adherence to pulmonary clinic appointments and unplanned acute healthcare utilization for SCD-related complications and/or asthma exacerbations. Secondary endpoints are the number of unpla...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 901. Health Services Research-Non-Malignant Conditions: Poster III Source Type: research
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