First Report of Klein-Waardenburg Syndrome in Iran and a Novel Pathogenic Splice Site Variant in PAX3 Gene
Waardenburg Syndrome (WS) as a congenital auditory-pigmentary syndrome is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorder. Based upon clinical manifestations, it can be classified into four types. Loss of function mutations in PAX3 gene cause WS1 and WS3 (Klein-Waardenburg syndrome). While WS2 and WS4 have locus heterogeneity with multiple causative genes. Here we report a novel splice site variant in a pedigree with multiple affected members. Based on diagnostic criteria, three of them are associated with WS3. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - August 10, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Mohammad Saberi, Zahra Golchehre, Hamzeh Salmani, Arezou Karamzade, Seyed Ziaeddin Tabatabaie, Mohammad Keramatipour Source Type: research

Predictive Factors Associated With Spontaenous Passage Of Coins: A Ten-Year Analysis Of Paediatric Coin Ingestion In Australia
Coins are the commonest foreign body ingested in paediatric populations. Although most ingested coins are either spontaneously passed or retrieved with medical intervention without serious consequence, there is potential for serious morbidity and mortality related to paediatric coin ingestion. We performed a 10-year retrospective review of Australian denomination coin ingestion at a tertiary paediatric hospital in Sydney, Australia. We attempted to determine whether a relationship exists between coin size, patient age, coin ingestion and spontaneous passage. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - August 10, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Dr Narinder Singh, Dr Jessica Chong, Dr Joyce Ho, Dr Shruti Jayachandra, Dr Daron Cope, Dr Fred Azimi, Guy D. Eslick, Dr Eugene Wong Source Type: research

Evaluation of the effect of pre-operative oral midazolam on post-operative oral fluid intake after tonsillectomy
The objective of this study was to determine if pre-operative oral midazolam administration decreased postoperative oral fluid intake after tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy.MethodsA retrospective chart review identified 104 patients who were undergoing tonsillectomy with and without adenoidectomy who were not given midazolam preoperatively and 182 who were given midazolam preoperatively. Indications for tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy included obstructive sleep apnea, recurrent acute streptococcal pharyngotonsillitis, and, in selected cases, periodic fever with aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and ad...
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - August 10, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Cynthia M. Schwartz, Kristen Honsinger, Beth A. Fischer, Charles A. Elmaraghy Source Type: research

Extramedullary Hematopoiesis of the Sphenoid Sinus Associated with Hereditary Spherocytosis: A Case Report
Extramedullary hematopoiesis is a rare cause of a sinonasal mass that presents unique diagnostic and treatment challenges. While there are numerous reports of patients with hereditary spherocytosis developing extramedullary hematopoiesis in the posterior mediastinum, involvement in the paranasal sinuses has not previously been described. Here, we present the first case of a patient with hereditary spherocytosis developing extramedullary hematopoiesis in the sphenoid sinus. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - August 10, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jaron Densky, Tirth Patel, Ashleigh Halderman, Prashant Malhotra Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Changes of spatial and temporal characteristics of dynamic postural control in children with typical neurodevelopment with age: results of a multicenter pediatric study
The aim of this multicenter study is to investigate the effect of chronological age and gender in postural control. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - August 9, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Nathalie Goul ème, Michel Debue, Karen Spruyt, Catherine Vanderveken, Danièle Romolo De Diati, José Ortega-Solis, Jennifer Petrossi, Sylvette Wiener-Vacher, Maria Pia Bucci, Eugen Ionescu, Hung Thai-Van, Naïma Deggouj Source Type: research

Elevated endotracheal tube cuff pressure in the pediatric emergency department
The cuff of an endotracheal tube (ETT) should seal the airway, improving ventilation and preventing aspiration of fluid into the lungs [1]. Mucosal blood flow in the trachea is impaired when the ETT cuff pressure exceeds 30 cmH2O for as little 15  min and prolonged exposure to a high cuff pressure can cause tracheal injury [2,3]. Sealing the trachea at a safe pressure (15-25 cmH2O) is possible with the current generation of pliable, high-volume cuffed ETTs [4]. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - August 8, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Edward D. Ferenczy, Michael J. Stoner, Sandra P. Spencer, Samantha W. Gee, Daniel J. Scherzer, Joseph D. Tobias Source Type: research

Submental flap donor site morbidity in pediatric patients
I read with interest an article entitled ’’Novel case examples of the submental island flap in pediatric head and neck reconstruction.’’ that is about using de-epithelialized submental flap in two pediatric patients. I have an experience that wants to share it with the authors. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - August 7, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Amin Rahpeyma, Saeedeh khajehahmadi Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Basic choking education to improve parental knowledge
To evaluate the effect of an educational intervention on parental knowledge of choking hazards and prevention. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - August 7, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Kathryn C. Bentivegna, Kevin T. Borrup, Meghan E. Clough, Scott R. Schoem Source Type: research

Teaching a Tracheotomy Handoff Tool to Pediatric First Responders
The Critical Airway Risk Evaluation (CARE) system is an airway classification system we designed to improve handoffs between caregivers by describing the risk of a patient's airway above the tracheotomy tube, and therefore the correct resuscitation maneuvers in the event of an airway emergency. It is designed to quickly communicate 3 categories: 1-easily intubatable; 2-intubatable with specialized techniques or equipment; or 3-not intubatable. We have demonstrated previously that the system is easily taught to and used by pediatric otolaryngologists. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - August 7, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Nicole Murray, Tulio A. Valdez, Amy L. Hughes, Katherine R. Kavanagh Source Type: research

Prevalence of ear disease and associated hearing loss among primary school students in the Solomon Islands: otitis media still a major public health issue
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), more than two-thirds of the global burden of hearing loss is found in developing countries, with approximately half of these hearing disorders considered preventable [1]. The 2012 WHO estimates on global hearing impairment stated that children represent 9% of the 360 million people worldwide living with a disabling hearing impairment [2]. Infectious diseases and middle ear disorders are recognised as the leading causes of avoidable hearing impairment in children. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - August 7, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Annette Kaspar, Obiga Newton, Joseph Kei, Carlie Driscoll, De Wet Swanepoel, Helen Goulios Source Type: research

Relationship between working memory and comprehension and expression of grammar in Farsi-speaking children with cochlear implants
Grammar is one of the most fundamental components of language and working memory (WM) is one of the most important cognitive features. These two skills play a vital role in learning, literacy and communication. Children with cochlear implants (CIs) experience delays in both of these skills. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between these two skills in children with CIs. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - August 7, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Soodeh Khoramian, Zahra Soleymani Source Type: research

Serum Leukotriene B4 Levels, Tonsillar Hypertrophy and Sleep-Disordered Breathing in Childhood
In children with snoring, increased production of leukotriene B4 (LTB4) may promote tonsillar hypertrophy and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) or conversely SDB may enhance LTB4 synthesis. We explored whether: i) high LTB4 serum levels predict tonsillar hypertrophy; and ii) SDB severity correlates with LTB4 serum concentration. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - August 7, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Emmanouel Ι. Alexopoulos, George Haritos, Christina Befani, Georgia Malakasioti, Vassilis A. Lachanas, Panagiotis Liakos, Konstantinos Gourgoulianis, Athanasios G. Kaditis Source Type: research

Use of text messaging to improve patient experience and communication with pediatric tonsillectomy patients
The aims of this quality improvement project were to develop a text messaging service to deliver messages to pediatric tonsillectomy patients to improve communication and overall experience. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - August 2, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Laurie Newton, Cecille Sulman Source Type: research

Sublingual cysts of different entities in an infant – a case report and literature review
Congenital cysts and fistulas of the neck are common in children, often located in the head and neck area. Belonging to the group of tumor-like conditions, dermoid and epidermoid cysts are dysontogenetic lesions with seldom multiple co-occurrences in infants. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - August 2, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jan Oliver Voss, Salvatore Buehling, Nadine Thieme, Christian Doll, Kathrin Hauptmann, Max Heiland, Nicolai Adolphs, Jan-Dirk Raguse Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

A Novel Surgical Treatment for Posterior Glottic Stenosis Using Thyroid Ala Cartilage – A Case Report and Literature Review
Posterior glottic stenosis (PGS) describes a laryngeal disorder in which worsening degrees of scarring limit abduction of the vocal folds and/or arytenoids. It can be congenital or acquired. Generally, the acquired form is the result of chronic endotracheal tube trauma to the posterior larynx.Symptoms of acquired PGS usually begin four to eight weeks after extubation, and present as gradually worsening stridor and shortness of breath as the laryngeal obstruction becomes more severe. Without intervention, PGS can cause total obstruction and respiratory failure. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - August 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Megan M. Gaffey, Ravi Sun, Gresham T. Richter Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Evaluation of olfactory function in children with seasonal allergic rhinitis and its correlation with acoustic rhinometry
Seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR) is common in children and hyposmia is a major symptom affecting the quality of life. The aim of the present study is to assess olfactory dysfunction in pediatric patients with SAR and correlate the results with acoustic rhinometry measurements. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - August 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Ceren Aksoy, Çağdaş Elsürer, Hasibe Artaç, Mete Kaan Bozkurt Source Type: research

Descent of the human larynx: an unrecognized factor in airway distress in babies with cleft palate?
The intranarial epiglottis, a feature of all newborn mammals, allows suckling and breathing to continue almost simultaneously by separating an oral food stream from a nasal airstream. In contrast to other mammals, the human larynx descends in the neck between birth and six months, extending the distance between the caudal aspect of the soft palate and the cephalic tip of the epiglottis. The mechanism of airway protection changes from a pattern in which an upright epiglottis is grasped by an intact palatopharyngeal sphincter to one in which the epiglottis folds down over the laryngeal aditus and the adducted vocal folds. (S...
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - August 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Catherine de Blacam, Laura Duggan, David Rea, Peter Beddy, David J.A. Orr Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Is the occurrence of pediatric epistaxis related to climatic variables?
To investigate the correlations between multiple meteorological variables and the frequency of epistaxis in the pediatric population. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - August 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Gang Yu, Yong Fu, Cong Dong, Huilong Duan, Haomin Li Source Type: research

Auditory processing and neuropsychological profiles of children with functional hearing loss
Between one and twelve percent of children are reported to present with raised hearing thresholds in pure tone audiometry inconsistent with their speech discrimination ability and absence of any recognizable abnormalities in the auditory pathway [1 –3]. This could be classified as a functional neurological disorder (FND) affecting hearing and has been known by different names such as non-organic hearing loss, psychogenic deafness and pseudohypacusis. Children with such presentations have been classified into three categories depending on int ention and motivation, such as malingering, factitious and conversion disord...
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - August 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: SK Mamun Ur Rashid, Dipankar Mukherjee, Ansar Uddin Ahmmed Source Type: research

In Memoriam to the man behind the camera: David J LIM, MD November 27 1935 –June 29, 2018
If you have been at any ARO meeting since it was founded in 1973, you will have noticed a man with a ready smile and a camera taking pictures of events he felt to be of significance. The man behind the camera, David J. Lim, passed away on June 29.2018. ARO meetings will not be the same from now on without one of the eight co-founders of ARO, the historian of ARO, past president (1977-78), first NIDCD scientific director (1991 –1995), scientific director of House Ear Institute and later research group leader at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - July 30, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Bernd Fritzsch Source Type: research

Otogenic cerebral venous thrombosis in children: A review of 16 consecutive cases
This study aims to report the clinical presentation and management in a series of children with OCTV. The coexisting intracranial complications (ICC), the extent of the surgical treatment and the role of hypocoagulation were the analysed outcomes. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - July 30, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Gil Coutinho, Sara J úlio, Ricardo Matos, Margarida Santos, Jorge Spratley Source Type: research

Sinonasal computed tomography in pediatric cystic fibrosis: do we know the indications?
To investigated the correlation between sinonasal computed tomography (SNCT) findings and sinonasal symptoms, genotype, chronic colonization by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1), body mass index (BMI), Shwachman-Kulczycki (SK) score, and Bhalla score in patients with cystic fibrosis. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - July 28, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Michelle Manzini, Cl áudia Schweiger, Denise Manica, Letícia Rocha Machado, Paula de Souza Dias Lopes, Leo Sekine, Carlo Sasso Faccin, Otávio BejzmanPiltcher, Paulo José CauduroMarostica Source Type: research

The bacterial community and local lymphocyte response are markedly different in patients with recurrent tonsillitis compared to obstructive sleep apnoea
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is now a more common indication for tonsillectomy than recurrent tonsillitis (RT) [1,2]. Few studies have addressed possible differences in pathogenesis between these two conditions. Children with RT and OSA are often being treated in the community with multiple courses of antibiotics before surgery. Current understanding of the role of bacteria in disorders of the tonsils is mainly based on the culture of tonsil swabs. Swab cultures reflect only a very small fraction of the bacteria present on the mucosal surface and may not represent the bacterial communities within the tonsil crypts [3,4]. ...
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - July 26, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: James Johnston, Michael Hoggard, Kristi Biswas, Carmen Astudillo ‐García, Sharon Waldvogel-Thurlow, Fiona J. Radcliff, Murali Mahadevan, Richard G. Douglas Source Type: research

The effect of losing federal coverage through the Affordable Care Act on ear tube placements at an urban children's hospital
15-31% of the population in a large Mid-western city is between 100-400% of the Federal Poverty Level, thus qualifying for health care coverage under the Affordable Care Act (ACA). Coverage for their children would potentially be available under Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) or Medicaid programs. Loss of funding for these programs could be devastating for this community. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - July 26, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Madia C. Russillo, Thomas Chelius, Valerie Flanary Source Type: research

Geographic Health Disparities in the Los Angeles Pediatric Neck Abscess Population
To assess geographical sociodemographic differences in neck abscesses that require surgical drainage in Los Angeles.Study Design: retrospective review (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - July 26, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Varun Angajala, Kevin Hur, Lia Jacobson, Christian Hochstim Source Type: research

A multifaceted programme to reduce the rate of tongue-tie release surgery in newborn infants: Observational study
A programme was introduced in Canterbury, New Zealand to evaluate the diagnosis and treatment of frenulum releases in newborn infants with suspected tongue-tie (ankyloglossia). The primary goals were to support breastfeeding and ensure that unnecessary surgery was avoided. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - July 26, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Bronwyn Dixon, Juliet Gray, Nikki Elliot, Brett Shand, Adrienne Lynn Source Type: research

Comparison of aural rehabilitation outcomes in presence and absence of back ground noise in hearing impaired children with and without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
Normally, in the age of 8 to 12 months a child would develop the capability of increasing learning by overlooking noticeable distractors. Due to the fundamental temporal features of speech, one of the main factors for learning language is following auditory information in time. Learning language is heavily dependent on recognising changes between temporal intervals and comprehending the order of components. The perceptual capacity of attention system is capable to decoding data laid in speech. Through the leading years of life, exogenous attention plays a pivotal role in language. (Source: International Journal of Pediatri...
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - July 26, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Fariba Noori, Saeed Farahani, Hermin Mokrian, Mastoore Asadi, Helnaz Mokrian Source Type: research

Prevalence of an Intact Hyoid Bone at Revision Excision of a Thyroglossal Duct Remnant
To determine the prevalence of an intact hyoid bone at the time of revision thyroglossal duct cyst (TGDC) surgery in a pediatric population. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - July 26, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jonathan Huang, Beth Osterbauer, Jeffrey Koempel Source Type: research

Interdisciplinary aerodigestive care model improves risk, cost, and efficiency
This study sought to evaluate the impact of an interdisciplinary care model for pediatric aerodigestive patients in terms of efficiency, risk exposure, and cost. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - July 25, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: R. Paul Boesch, Karthik Balakrishnan, Rayna M. Grothe, Sherilyn W. Driscoll, Erin E. Knoebel, Sue L. Visscher, Shelagh A. Cofer Source Type: research

Vallecular cyst in the pediatric population: Evaluation and management
To review the presentation of pediatric vallecular cysts and outline an approach for evaluation and management. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - July 25, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Youjin Li, Alexandria L. Irace, Natasha D. Dombrowski, Antonio R. Perez-Atayde, Caroline D. Robson, Reza Rahbar Source Type: research

Nodular fasciitis of the tongue: A case report in an infant
Nodular fasciitis is a benign lesion uncommonly found in the head and neck region. Although described previously in adults, there have been no reports of nodular fasciitis in a child's tongue. A 4 month old male infant was referred for evaluation of a rapidly growing tongue lesion. He underwent excisional biopsy of the lesion. Initial pathology suggested a spindle cell tumor. Subsequent outside facility molecular testing was obtained and Nodular Fasciitis was confirmed. Nodular fasciitis is a rare benign tumor that can be often mistaken for malignancy. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - July 24, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Raymond P. Shupak, Bruce B. Horswell, Marcus D. Shaffer, Milton J. Plata Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Treatment outcome of childhood nasopharyngeal carcinoma: a single institution experience
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is a rare malignancy in children. The aim of this study was to provide analysis of children with nasopharyngeal carcinoma treated in a single institution. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - July 24, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Marina Nikitovic, Marija Popovic-Vukovic, Dragana Stanic, Jelena Bokun, Lejla Paripovic, Vesna Ilic, Ivana Miskovic, Milan Saric Source Type: research

Predictors of nature of ingested foreign bodies in children & assessment of operative outcomes
To examine sensitivity/specificity of history& radiology to identify ingested foreign body (FB) and develop a protocol for management of ingested FBs in paediatric patients; to assess outcomes of removal of lithium button battery foreign body (LBBFB). (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - July 24, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Rubeena Arora, Sunil Kumar, Gautam Bir Singh Source Type: research

Pore Architecture Effects on Chondrogenic Potential of Patient-Specific 3-Dimensionally Printed Porous Tissue Bioscaffolds for Auricular Tissue Engineering
This study aims to determine the effect of auricular scaffold microarchitecture on chondrogenic potential in an in vivo animal model. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - July 24, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: David A. Zopf, Colleen L. Flanagan, Anna G. Mitsak, Julia R. Brennan, Scott J. Hollister Source Type: research

Cochlear implantation in children with meningitis related deafness: The influence of electrode impedance and implant charge on auditory performance – a case control study
Bacterial meningitis can cause a labyrinthitis. Consequences often are intracochlear soft tissue neoformation (cochlear obliteration) or intracochlear osteoneogenesis (cochlear ossification) and deafness. Cochlear implantation becomes challenging and hearing rehabilitation is complicated. This retrospective case-control-study aimed to find correlations between morphologic, electric and functional parameters. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - July 24, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Victor Helmstaedter, Andreas Buechner, Stefan Stolle, Friedrich Goetz, Thomas Lenarz, Martin Durisin Source Type: research

Early experience and health related quality of life outcomes following auditory brainstem implantation in children
To assess auditory brainstem implantation (ABI) outcomes in children with a prospective study. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - July 24, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Leena Asfour, David Friedmann, William H. Shapiro, J. Thomas Roland, Susan Waltzman Source Type: research

Spoken word recognition in noise in Mandarin-speaking pediatric cochlear implant users
The purpose of the present study was to compare spoken word recognition performance in the presence of speech spectrum-shaped noise and four-talker babbles in Mandarin-speaking children with cochlear implants (CIs). (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - July 24, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Cuncun Ren, Jing Yang, Dingjun Zha, Ying Lin, Haihong Liu, Ying Kong, Sha Liu, Li Xu Source Type: research

Investigation of the mtDNA mutations in Syrian Families With Non-Syndromic Sensorineural Hearing Loss
Hearing loss is a common sensory disorder, and at least 50% of cases are due to a genetic etiology. Several mitochondrial DNA mutations (mtDNA) have been reported to be associated with nonsyndromic hearing loss (NSHL) in different population. However, There is no previous available data about the frequency of mtDNA mutations as etiology for deafness in Syrian. The aim of present study is to investigate the incidence of common mt DNA mutations in our families with congenital hearing loss and not related to the ototoxicity or aminoglycosides. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - July 23, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Faten Moassass, Bassel AL-Halabi, Mohamad Sayah Nweder, Walid AL-Achkar Source Type: research

In utero drug exposure and hearing impairment in 2-year-old children A case-control study using the EFEMERIS database
The ear is composed of three parts: the outer ear (pinna, ear canal), middle ear (tympanic cavity, three ossicles), and inner ear (cochlea containing the organ of Corti and hair cells). The inner ear is the first to develop. The cochlea starts to grow around the 5th pregnancy week and has completed two and a half turns at the 10th week. Ciliated sensory cells of the organ of Corti develop from the 12th to the 20th weeks. At the 22th week, the inner ear has reached its adult size and shape. In the middle ear, the ossicles start to differentiate around the 8th week. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - July 23, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Caroline Foch, M élanie Araujo, Alexandra Weckel, Christine Damase-Michel, Jean-Louis Montastruc, Justine Benevent, Geneviève Durrieu, Isabelle Lacroix Source Type: research

Harare children ’s hospital airway symposium and pentafrica conference 2018
The 2018 PENTAFRICA [1] conference began with a pre-congress airway workshop and symposium held at Harare Children's Hospital on May 21st and 22nd. The free workshop, sponsored by the Zimbabwe Society of Otolaryngology, started with a day of airway surgeries, including cases of laryngeal atresia, laryngeal cleft, vocal cord paralysis, laryngomalacia, RRP, attended by four surgeons from the United States (Peggy Kelly MD, Douglas Sidell MD, Varun Vendra MD, Peter Koltai MD) and three from Zimbabwe (Clemence Chidziva MD, Naboth Matinhira MD, Titus Dzongodza MD). (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - July 20, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Clemence Chidziva, Titus Dzongodza, Cameline Nyamarebvu, Shazia Peer, Christopher Prescott, Naboth Matinhira, Peter J. Koltai Source Type: research

Paired analysis of the microbiota between surface tissue swabs and biopsies from pediatric patients undergoing adenotonsillectomy
Culture-independent methods, based on bacterial 16  S rRNA gene sequencing, have been used previously to investigate the adenotonsillar microbiota. However, these studies have focused on a single sampling site (usually a surface swab). We aimed to investigate potential differences in adenotonsillar microbiota according to sampling location, both o n and within the adenoids and palatine tonsils. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - July 19, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: James Johnston, Michael Hoggard, Kristi Biswas, Carmen Astudillo-Garc ía, Fiona J. Radcliff, Murali Mahadevan, Richard G. Douglas Source Type: research

Renal Ultrasound Abnormalities in Children with Syndromic and Non-Syndromic Microtia
Renal abnormalities are commonly considered in the work up of pediatric patients with external ear malformations. However, there is little consensus regarding an appropriate renal screening protocol for patients with microtia. We sought to characterize renal abnormalities detected on ultrasonography in pediatric patients with microtia. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - July 19, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Julie L. Koenig, Misha Amoils, Madeline M. Grade, Kay W. Chang, Mai Thy Truong Source Type: research

Simultaneous auricular reconstruction combined with bone bridge implantation-optimal surgical techniques in bilateral microtia with severe hearing impairment
Congenital bilateral microtia with external ear canal (EAC)/middle ear malformation lead to severe appearance defects, hearing impairment and language barrier. Here we report an optimal integrated surgical technique for BoneBridge implantation and auricular reconstruction, which reduce time span of operation, total cost and patients' suffering as well. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - July 18, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Yue Wang, Wenshan Xing, Tun Liu, Xu Zhou, Jin Qian, Bingqing Wang, Shouqin Zhao, Qingguo Zhang Source Type: research

Transoral approach to Type 1 Laryngeal Cleft Repair: A novel, non-endoscopic technique
Endoscopic type 1 laryngeal cleft repair under spontaneous ventilation can be difficult in patients with poor pulmonary reserve. Intubation makes visualization of the interarytenoid area challenging during an endoscopic repair. As an alternative technique, we utilized a transoral, non-endoscopic approach with a McIvor mouth gag in two such patients. This provided adequate visualization and a larger working field with readily available instrumentation. The ability to intubate the patient obviated the need to intermittently place an endotracheal tube and allowed for uninterrupted working time. (Source: International Journal ...
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - July 18, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Austin N. DeHart, Jonathan R. Korpon, Rajanya S. Petersson Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

The OSA-5: Development and validation of a brief questionnaire screening tool for obstructive sleep apnea in children
To develop and test a screening tool based on the OSA-18 questionnaire for triage of referrals for sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in children. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - July 18, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Han Jie Soh, Katherine Rowe, Margot J. Davey, Rosemary S.C. Horne, Gillian M. Nixon Source Type: research

Skewed X-chromosome inactivation and next-generation sequencing to identify a novel SMPX variants associated with X-linked hearing loss in a Chinese family
Hereditary nonsyndromic hearing loss is extremely heterogeneous and an X-linked form accounts for 1 ∼5% of all cases. The aim of this study was to identify the pathogenic variants in a nonsyndromic X-linked dominant hearing loss family, and explain the reason of different hearing phenotype in hearing between the two sisters with the same variant. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - July 17, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Song Gao, Yi Jiang, Guojian Wang, Yongyi Yuan, Shasha Huang, Xue Gao, Xiaohong Li, Dejun Zhang, Jian Wu, Xiaowen Ji, Tao Deng, Ligang Wang, Dongyang Kang, Pu Dai Source Type: research

Submandibular duct transposition for drooling in children: a casuistic review and evaluation of grade of satisfaction
Drooling of saliva is the unintentional loss of saliva from the mouth resulting in excess pooling of saliva in the anterior portion of the oral cavity. It is considered normal in infants and usually resolves itself by 15 to 18 months of age. It is a common problem in pediatric patients with cerebral palsy or other neurological disorders. Drooling interferes with speech, impairs oral hygiene and contributes to oral dermatitis, aspiration pneumonias and fluid electrolyte imbalances. It has a profoundly negative impact on quality of life and contributes to social exclusion, self-esteem problems and significant discomfort, esp...
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - July 17, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Sofia Sousa, Magda Rocha, Francisco Patr ão, Gabriel Pereira, Sofia Reis, Patrícia Horta, Conceição Salgado, Marques dos Santos Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Palliation in Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Palliation in pediatric otorhinolaryngology is a rarely discussed but important aspect of care. This review encapsulates current thinking on pediatric palliative care (PC) and demonstrates, through one case, the impact of integrating PC into clinical care. We encourage early consideration of pediatric palliative care approaches for children with complex otorhinolaryngologic disorders. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - July 12, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Udayan K. Shah, Elissa G. Miller, Carly Levy Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Multiple surgeries in pediatric otolaryngology patients and associated anesthesia risk
To determine the risk of healthy children undergoing tympanostomy tubes of an additional surgery prior to age three and associated risk factors. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - July 12, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Melissa A. Scholes, Emily L. Jensen, David M. Polaner, Dexiang Gao Source Type: research

Subglottic Hemangioma: understanding the association with facial segmental hemangioma in a beard distribution
A subglottic hemangioma (SGH) is a benign tumor of infancy that can cause severe obstruction of the airway. Infantile hemangiomas, in general, are the most common head and neck tumor in children, affecting 4 –5% of the pediatric population. This retrospective cohort study characterizes subglottic infantile hemangiomas at a single vascular anomaly center over a 5-year period (2013 – 2017) during the era of propranolol treatment. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - July 12, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Andrew A. McCormick, Tony Tarchichi, Christopher Azbell, Lorelei Grunwaldt, Noel Jabbour Source Type: research