Association of complementary medicine, cancer treatment, survival

(JAMA Network) The use of complementary medicine by patients with four common cancers (breast, prostate, lung or colorectal) was associated with refusal of conventional cancer treatment and with a greater risk of death, although the difference in survival may be alleviated by adherence to all recommended conventional cancer therapies.
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

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CONCLUSION: A considerable proportion of cancer cases are attributable to excess weight, physical inactivity, and unhealthy dietary habits. Major prevention efforts are needed to reduce the cancer incidence attributable to these avoidable factors. PMID: 30236216 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Evidence remains mixed on the benefits of oral cryotherapy in the prevention of oral mucositis and pain associated with fluorouracil-based chemotherapy. OBJECTIVES: The intent of this article is to evaluate the effect of oral cryotherapy on the prevention of oral mucositis and pain among patients with colorectal cancer undergoing fluorouracil-based chemotherapy. METHODS: Using an experimental study design, the authors randomly assigned 80 patients to either the intervention (n = 40) or usual care group (n = 40). Intervention group participants received oral cryotherapy in the form of...
Source: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Clin J Oncol Nurs Source Type: research
ConclusionScreening for breast cancer may help diagnose breast cancer at an early stage. Women with previous cancer who are not undergoing current treatment or in palliative care have the same propensity to participate as other women invited to breast cancer screening. Women with previous gynaecological cancer were less likely to participate in breast cancer screening than women with other cancer types. These results may only be generalised to similar health care systems.
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionsNGS allows for broad, rapid, highly specific analyses of genomic regions. These results support use of the Extended RAS Panel as a companion diagnostic for selecting patients for panitumumab, and utilization is consistent with recent clinical guidelines regarding mCRCRAS testing. Overall, approximately 13% more patients were detected with the Extended RAS Panel versusKRAS exon 2 alone.Clinical trial registry identifierNCT00364013 (ClinicalTrials.gov).
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Authors: Li J, Zhang L, Xie Q, Wang W, Hua Y, Sun Z Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the efficacies of 125I seed implantation and stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) in treatment of recurrent lung metastases from colorectal cancer, to compare the tolerance of lung tissue to both forms of radiotherapy, and to analyze the factors that affect the prognosis. Material and methods: According to treatment received, thirty colorectal cancer patients with post-operative lung metastases were separated into two groups: 125I seed implantation group (group A; n = 16) and SBRT group (group B; n = 14). Patients were follo...
Source: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Contemp Brachytherapy Source Type: research
Conclusions: Physical and nutritional prehabilitation in older patients with CRC has not shown a significant reduction in postoperative complications or length of stay. One study that examined the effect of a perioperative nutritional supplement reported a reduction in postoperative complications. Future research should explore targeted combined interventions, taking into account physical and nutritional patient requirements.
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Systematic Review Source Type: research
Abstract Systemic inflammatory-, immunological- and nutritional-based indices, such as the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), the prognostic nutritional index (PNI) and the Glasgow prognostic score (GPS), are drawing considerable research attention to predict the long-term prognosis of many types of cancer. Recently, these parameters have also been reported to be useful in predicting postoperative morbidity in several fields, including colorectal and otolaryngological cancer. However, while distal cholangiocarcinoma exhibits a high morbidity rate, its risk factors of morbidity have not yet been established. Thi...
Source: Clinical Colorectal Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Mol Clin Oncol Source Type: research
Conclusions:Online information related to CRC is difficult to read and highlights the need for developing cancer-related online material that is understandable to a wider audience.Keywords:Colorectal cancer, online information, readability
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe risk of colon cancer recurrence appears to be similar in patients with and without diabetes at diagnosis.ImpactFuture studies should evaluate the association between diabetes and colorectal cancer outcomes, especially second primary colon cancers, in larger populations.
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
BACKGROUND: Patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) have been found to have a higher risk of suicide in limited-number studies. However, data on the actual incidence rate of suicide remain scarce. METHODS: Using Taiwan's National Health Insurance Res...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news
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