Some existing anti-cancer drugs may act in part by targeting RNA

Bolstering the notion that RNA should be considered an important drug-discovery target, scientists at Scripps Research have found that several existing, FDA-approved anti-cancer drugs may work, in part, by binding tightly to RNA, the regulators of the basic activities of life within cells. The research offers another approach for tackling diseases that have been considered "undruggable," including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), muscular dystrophy, cystic fibrosis and certain cancers.
Source: World Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Featured Research Research and Development Source Type: news

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Abstract Cystoscopy and histology are the gold standards for detection of bladder cancer. However, these methods are highly subjective, expensive, and invasive. We have developed a non-invasive method for the diagnosis of bladder cancer by detecting telomerase activity in human urine. Telomerase substrate (TS) primer is elongated with repeating sequences of (TTAGGG)n in the presence of telomerase. The elongated primer can trigger hybridization chain reaction between two hairpins H1 and H2, result in the aggregation of AuNPs due to the hybridization between the tail sequence on H1 (or H2) and DNA-AuNPs probe, and a...
Source: Analytica Chimica Acta - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Anal Chim Acta Source Type: research
Bacteria that are difficult or impossible to treat are being spread around the world, fueled by everything from flippant doctors to lax regulation, sewage, anti-vaxxers and international travel, experts warn.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
AbstractThe term proteostasis reflects the fine-tuned balance of cellular protein levels, mediated through a vast network of biochemical pathways. This requires the regulated control of protein folding, post-translational modification, and protein degradation. Due to the complex interactions and intersection of proteostasis pathways, exposure to stress conditions may lead to a disruption of the entire network. Incorrect protein folding and/or modifications during protein synthesis results in inactive or toxic proteins, which may overload degradation mechanisms. Further, a disruption of autophagy and the endoplasmic reticul...
Source: Molecular Neurobiology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
The article “The search, coagulation, and clipping (SCC) method prevents delayed bleeding after gastric endoscopic submucosal dissection”, written by Motoi Azumi, Manabu Takeuchi, Youhei Koseki, Masaru Kumagai, Yoko Kobayashi, Masafumi Takatsuna, Aiko Yoshioka, Seiichi Yoshikawa, Tsutomu Miura, and Shuji Te rai, was originally published electronically on the publisher’s internet portal (currently SpringerLink) on 28 September 2018 without open access.
Source: Gastric Cancer - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
ConclusionsAll three H3K27me modifier genes are individually associated with gastric cancer susceptibility with synergistic triad interaction. Not only two enzymes with the same function (KDM6A and KDM6B), but also those with opposite functions (EZH2 versus KDM6A or KDM6B) synergistically affect H3K27me consequences such as gastric cancer susceptibility.
Source: Gastric Cancer - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundWe recently reported the clinical significance of intratumoral HER2 heterogeneity on trastuzumab efficacy using surgical specimens; patients with homogeneously HER2 positive gastric cancer benefitted more from trastuzumab. However, the majority of patients are diagnosed by endoscopic biopsy, and surgical specimens are not available in these patients. The aim of this study is to verify clinical significance of HER2 heterogeneity on trastuzumab efficacy using biopsy specimens.MethodsEighty-seven patients, who received trastuzumab-based chemotherapy and whose endoscopic biopsy specimens were available for HE...
Source: Gastric Cancer - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundSerum prealbumin (PALB) can predict the prognosis of patients with gastric cancer (GC). However, the prognostic value of combination of C-reactive protein and PALB (CRP/PALB) remains unclear.MethodsA total of 419 gastric cancer patients included in a clinical trial (NCT02327481) were analyzed. The present study is a substudy of the trial. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were generated, and by calculating the areas under the curve (AUC) and the C-index, the discriminative ability of each inflammatory index was compared, including CRP/PALB, C-reactive protein/albumin, Glasgow prognostic score...
Source: Gastric Cancer - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
This study aimed to assess the long-term outcomes of ESD for patients with severe and non-severe comorbidities.MethodsWe enrolled 1081 patients who underwent ESD for EGC between February 2004 and June 2013. Based on the American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status (ASA-PS) classification, we defined patients with severe and non-severe comorbidities as ASA-PS 3 and 1/2, respectively. We retrospectively compared the overall survival, risk factors for mortality, and adverse events between these two groups using propensity score matching and inverse probability of treatment weighting.ResultsA total of 488 patients met...
Source: Gastric Cancer - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Abstract AIM: This phase IB/II study evaluated the safety and efficacy of the addition of cetuximab to standard preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in locally advanced esophageal cancer (LAEC). METHODS: Patients (pts) with resectable LAEC (T2-3N0-1M0, T1-3N1M0 or T1-3N0-1M1A) received an induction cycle of cisplatin 100 mg/m2, day 1, and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) 1000 mg/m2/day, days 1-5, followed 4 weeks later by radiotherapy, 50.4 Gy, given with 2 cycles of cisplatin 75 mg/m2 and escalating doses of 5-FU, days 1-4 and 29-32. Pts received 10 weekly infusions of cetuximab, 250 mg/m2, with a loading d...
Source: Radiotherapy and Oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiother Oncol Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Despite existing evidence that human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) has a favorable prognosis compared to HPV-negative OPSCC, randomized studies have yet to report the effect of de-escalating radiation therapy (RT) dose for definitive treatment. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of dose de-escalated RT (DDRT) vs. standard dose RT (SDRT) in patients with HPV-positive OPSCC. METHODS: This was an observational study using the National Cancer Database (Year 2010-2014) to identify patients who had HPV-positive OPSCC and were trea...
Source: Radiotherapy and Oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiother Oncol Source Type: research
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