Overall survival and brain death frequency following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.

Overall survival and brain death frequency following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent). 2018 Jan;31(1):6-8 Authors: Howard CE, Garrett JS, Stoler RC, Schussler JM Abstract Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is a major cause of mortality that is responsible for over 300,000 deaths in the United States each year. Underlying cardiac etiologies remain the most common culprit. Despite medical advances in the treatment of coronary artery disease, the mortality following OHCA remains dismal. Additionally, of those who survive the initial event, many are left with debilitating and irreversible anoxic brain injuries. Therefore, improving survival as well as neurologic outcome is of primary importance in this group. Our goal was to evaluate the underlying etiologies, neurologic outcomes, and cardiac interventions being performed in patients with OHCA presenting to our large tertiary care center. We retrospectively reviewed 181 charts of patients presenting to our emergency department over a 1-year time period with a diagnosis of OHCA. Following exclusion criteria, 130 patients remained, with 17 of those surviving to hospital admission. Of the 17 initial survivors, only 9 survived to hospital discharge and only 6 of those obtained good neurologic outcomes. Additionally, there was no mortality benefit in the 4 patients who had coronary angiography or percutaneous intervention. PMID: 29686543 [PubMed]
Source: Baylor University Medical Center Proceedings - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) Source Type: research

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