What are the Short-Term Outcomes in Multiple Sclerosis Patients after Total Knee Arthroplasty?
J Knee Surg DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1636836Due to the paucity of evidence, this study was conducted to evaluate: (1) unique characteristics of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and (2) short-term clinical outcomes, of primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in patients with MS (MS-TKA) compared with matched non-MS patients. MS patients who underwent TKA were identified using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database. The study sample consisted of 10,884 patients with MS and 56,45,227 control cohort. Various patient factors were compared. To control for potential confounders, with the use of propensity scores, MS-TKA patients were matched (1:3) to non-MS-TKA patients and regression analyses were performed to compare perioperative complications, length of stay (LOS), and discharge dispositions. Patients with MS were younger, more likely to be females, on corticosteroids, and more likely to have muscle spasms and gait abnormalities. Annual frequency of TKAs in MS patients increased from 1.16/1,000 TKAs in 2002 to 2.48/1,000 TKAs in 2013 (p