Management of the hemiplegic shoulder complex.

Management of the hemiplegic shoulder complex. Top Stroke Rehabil. 2014 Jul-Aug;21(4):316-8 Authors: Griffin C Abstract Hemiplegia in the upper limb and shoulder complex is a common secondary impairment resulting from a cerebrovascular event; evidence-based intervention is required for effective treatment. Prior to addressing shoulder movement, biomechanical alignment of the pelvis and trunk must first be assessed. Extreme care must be taken when completing passive range of motion with the hemiplegic shoulder; motion should not exceed beyond 90° of shoulder flexion and abduction without scapular upward rotation and humeral head external rotation. It is recommended that the use of slings with upper limb hemiplegia be limited. A subluxation of the shoulder can be treated with surface neuromuscular electrical stimulation if the recommended protocol of 6 hours daily, 5 days a week, for 6 weeks is utilized. Taping/strapping for a subluxation has conflicting evidence for reducing the development of hemiplegic shoulder pain, and it does not improve upper limb function or range of motion. PMID: 25150663 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Although the results support the role of surgery in the management of nhSPCs, they have to be interpreted with a great deal of caution as the current evidence is limited, consisting only of case reports and retrospective surgical series. Inherent to such studies are inhomogeneity and incompleteness of data, selection bias and bias related to assessment of outcome carried out by the treating surgeon in the majority of cases. Prospective studies with patient-reported and objective outcome assessment are needed to provide higher level of evidence.PMID:34854993 | DOI:10.1007/s00701-021-05054-0
Source: Pain Physician - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsAlthough the results support the role of surgery in the management of nhSPCs, they have to be interpreted with a great deal of caution as the current evidence is limited, consisting only of case reports and retrospective surgical series. Inherent to such studies are inhomogeneity and incompleteness of data, selection bias and bias related to assessment of outcome carried out by the treating surgeon in the majority of cases. Prospective studies with patient-reported and objective outcome assessment are needed to provide higher level of evidence.
Source: Acta Neurochirurgica - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
This study aimed to use multidimensional musculoskeletal ultrasound imaging technique to investigate the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on shoulder subluxation in poststroke patients with hemiplegic shoulder pain.METHODS: In this prospective single-blind, randomized, sham-controlled study, thirty-four patients with shoulder subluxation and hemiplegic shoulder pain were recruited and randomly assigned into the EA group or the sham EA (SEA) group. In the EA group, EA was applied to the Jian yu (LI15), Bi nao (LI14), Jian zhen (SI9), and Jian liao (TE14) acupoints. In the SEA group, the EA was applied 15 mm away from the L...
Source: Pain Research and Management - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Source Type: research
RARITAN, N.J., November 4, 2021 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson announced today that more than 45 company-sponsored abstracts, including 11 oral presentations, plus more than 35 investigator-initiated studies will be featured at the American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting and Exposition. ASH is taking place at the Georgia World Congress Center in Atlanta and virtually from December 11-14, 2021.“We are committed to advancing the science and treatment of hematologic malignancies and look forward to presenting the latest research from our robust portfolio and pipeline dur...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news
Afr J Emerg Med. 2021 Dec;11(4):404-409. doi: 10.1016/j.afjem.2021.07.002. Epub 2021 Oct 14.ABSTRACTINTRODUCTION: Data describing atrial fibrillation (AF) care in emergency centres (ECs) in sub-Saharan Africa is lacking. We sought to describe the prevalence and outcomes of AF in a Tanzanian EC.METHODS: In a prospective, observational study, adults presenting with chest pain or shortness of breath to a Tanzanian EC were enrolled from January through October 2019. Participants underwent electrocardiogram testing which were reviewed by two independent physician judges to determine presence of AF. Participants were asked about...
Source: Pain Physician - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Source Type: research
J Integr Neurosci. 2021 Sep 30;20(3):687-693. doi: 10.31083/j.jin2003073.ABSTRACTMany patients complain of hemiplegic shoulder pain following stroke. Here, the effectiveness of pulsed radiofrequency stimulation of the suprascapular nerve is compared with intra-articular corticosteroid injection for chronic hemiplegic shoulder pain following stroke. This single-center, prospective, randomized controlled study included 20 patients with hemiplegic shoulder pain after stroke, randomly assigned to the pulsed radiofrequency and intra-articular corticosteroid injection treatment groups (n = 10 in each). Hemiplegic shoulder pain s...
Source: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Source Type: research
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