Physical activity after ischemic stroke and its association with adverse outcomes: A nationwide population-based cohort study.
CONCLUSIONS: Achieving a sufficient PA level after ischemic stroke appears to significantly reduce major adverse events. Further effort is needed to promote the PA level after ischemic stroke. PMID: 32726190 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation)
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - July 29, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Kang SM, Kim SH, Han KD, Paik NJ, Kim WS Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

FeetMe ® Monitor-connected insoles are a valid and reliable alternative for the evaluation of gait speed after stroke.
CONCLUSION: FeetMe® Monitor is an accurate and reliable system for measurement of gait velocity, stride length, cadence, and stance duration in chronic hemiparesis. PMID: 32654627 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation)
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - July 13, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Farid L, Jacobs D, Do Santos J, Simon O, Gracies JM, Hutin E Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Inclusion of relatives in stroke rehabilitation: Perception of quality of services they received in the context of early supported discharged (ESD), in- and out-patient services.
CONCLUSION: Despite quantitative high scores, qualitative data allowed the identification of concrete avenues for improvement to truly and systematically include relatives in stroke rehabilitation. PMID: 32657250 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation)
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - July 11, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Rochette A, Dugas A, Morissette-Gravel AS Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Inpatient rehabilitation facilities' hospital readmission rates for medicare beneficiaries treated following a stroke.
CONCLUSION: Results suggest it is feasible to assess hospital readmission rates among a stroke-cohort treated in IRFs. Stroke-focused quality measures would be useful to patients in selecting a provider and for providers in evaluating their stroke rehabilitation program outcomes. Secondary results suggest that admission function (FIM) capture stroke severity, a limitation with other claims-based stroke measures. PMID: 32657256 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation)
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - July 11, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Daras LC, Deutsch A, Ingber MJ, Hefele JG, Perloff J Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Stroke survivors' priorities for research related to life after stroke.
tröm E Abstract BACKGROUND: Stroke has transitioned from an untreatable, unpreventable disease to a highly treatable and preventable disease over recent decades, and the number of stroke survivors is expected to increase. The number is also foreseen to grow larger as a result of an aging population. With an escalating number of stroke survivors, research on how to improve life after stroke is needed. AIMS: The primary aim was to determine which area of research related to life after stroke that stroke patients and their informal carers prioritized as being relevant and valuable. METHODS: A cross-sec...
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - July 5, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Rudberg AS, Berge E, Laska AC, Jutterström S, Näsman P, Sunnerhagen KS, Lundström E Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Validity of quantitative assessment of posterior pelvic tilt and contralateral vaulting in hemiplegia using 3D treadmill gait analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: The proposed indices for posterior pelvic tilt and contralateral vaulting are useful for clinical gait analysis, and thus encouraging a more detailed analysis of hemiplegic gait using a motion analysis system. PMID: 32588758 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation)
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - June 26, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Tanikawa H, Inagaki K, Ohtsuka K, Matsuda F, Mukaino M, Yamada J, Kanada Y, Kagaya H, Saitoh E Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Muscle changes after stroke and their impact on recovery: time for a paradigm shift? Review and commentary.
nen E Abstract In stroke rehabilitation there is a growing body of evidence that not all patients have the same potential to recover. Understanding the processes that give rise to the heterogeneous treatment responses in stroke survivors will lay foundations for any conceivable advance in future rehabilitation interventions. This review was set out to shine new light on the debate of biomarkers in stroke rehabilitation by linking fundamental insights from biogerontological sciences to neurorehabilitation sciences. In particular, skeletal muscle changes and inflammation are addressed as two potential constructs fro...
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - June 26, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Beckwée D, Lefeber N, Bautmans I, Cuypers L, De Keersmaecker E, De Raedt S, Kerckhofs E, Nagels G, Njemini R, Perkisas S, Scheys E, Swinnen E Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Knowledge and application of upper limb prediction models and attitude toward prognosis among physiotherapists and occupational therapists in the clinical stroke setting.
CONCLUSIONS: Results from this study indicate that prediction models for UL function after stroke are not yet a part of daily practice in Danish stroke rehabilitation. At the same time, knowledge of prognosis seems to be relevant for most therapists in their clinical work. PMID: 32583731 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation)
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - June 25, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Kiær C, Lundquist CB, Brunner I Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Sedentary time and activity behaviors after stroke rehabilitation: Changes in the first 3 months home.
CONCLUSIONS: Sedentary time reduced and walking activity increased between discharge home and 3 months later. Interventions targeting mood and physical function may warrant testing to reduce sedentary behavior 3 months following discharge. PMID: 32578523 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation)
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - June 24, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Simpson DB, Breslin M, Cumming T, de Zoete SA, Gall SL, Schmidt M, English C, Callisaya ML Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Boxing training in patients with stroke causes improvement of upper extremity, balance, and cognitive functions but should it be applied as virtual or real?
CONCLUSION:  The study showed that virtual and real boxing training methods, in addition to neurodevelopmental treatment, are effective in improving upper extremity, balance, and cognitive functions in patients with hemiparetic stroke. The training effects were higher on bilateral punching time and balance functions for both groups. There was no superiority of either approach. PMID: 32574096 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation)
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - June 23, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Ersoy C, Iyigun G Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Relationship between trunk control, core muscle strength and balance confidence in community-dwelling patients with chronic stroke.
The objective was to examine the relationship between trunk control, core muscle strength and self-confidence on balance efficacy in community-dwelling chronic stroke survivors and to identify trunk performance measures for determining balance confidence. METHODS: Patients with a median post-stroke duration of 12 (IQR 7-18) months and independent walking ability participated in this cross-sectional study. Trunk control, core muscle strength and balance confidence were measured using trunk impairment scale 2.0 (TIS 2.0), handheld dynamometer and activity-specific balance confidence scale, respectively. Correlation amon...
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - June 23, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Karthikbabu S, Verheyden G Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

An analysis of fall incidence rate and risk factors in an inpatient rehabilitation unit: Aretrospective study.
CONCLUSION: This study suggests Morse FS, TUG, and age in the routine initial assessment upon admission in a rehabilitation setting, as key variables for screening the risk of fall. Additionally, the cutoff scores of Morse FS and TUG were observed to be more rigid than other clinical settings. PMID: 32482159 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation)
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - June 1, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Lee KB, Lee JS, Jeon IP, Choo DY, Baik MJ, Kim EH, Kim WS, Park CS, Kim JY, Shin YI, Bae JE, Kim JS Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

The fourier M2 robotic machine combined with occupational therapy on post-stroke upper limb function and independence-related quality of life: A randomized clinical trial.
This study has been registered at the ISRCTN registry, https://doi.org/10.1186/ISRCTN84804731. PMID: 32434454 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation)
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - May 21, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Chinembiri B, Ming Z, Kai S, Xiu Fang Z, Wei C Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Cognition assessments to predict inpatient falls in a subacute stroke rehabilitation setting.
Conclusions: Cognition assessments, i.e., one FIM item, one RAVLT item, or a one-minute verbal fluency test are significant falls predictors. PMID: 32431244 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation)
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - May 20, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: García-Rudolph A, García-Molina A, Opisso E, Tormos JM, Bernabeu M Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Turning duration and steps predict future falls in poststroke hemiplegic individuals: A preliminary cohort study.
Conclusions: Turn duration and steps were unable to discriminate between retrospective fallers and non-fallers but could predict prospective falls in patients with stroke. More than 4 s or 7 steps to complete a 180° turn while walking can be a predictor for patients with stroke at an increased risk of falling. PMID: 32397952 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation)
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - May 12, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Zou TE, Liang PJ, Lee SC Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Genetic polymorphisms for BDNF, COMT, and APOE do not affect gait or ankle motor control in chronic stroke: A preliminary cross-sectional study.
Conclusions: In these preliminary findings, genetic polymorphisms for BDNF, COMT, and APOE do not appear to affect walking speed, walking symmetry, or ankle motor performance in chronic stroke. PMID: 32378476 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation)
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - May 7, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Aljuhni R, Cleland BT, Roth S, Madhavan S Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Dry eye in chronic stroke patients with hemiplegia: A cross-sectional study.
Kaydok E, Zor KR, Biçer GY Abstract Objective: Dry eye is reported to be associated with several neurological diseases. The aim of this study is to evaluate the patients with hemiplegia after stroke for dry eye and compare their results with a control group.Materials and methods: Forty-five patients with hemiplegia and 45 individuals as the control group were included in the study. Tear function tests (Schirmer and tear breakup time) and a dry eye questionnaire for dry eye symptoms (ocular surface disease index) were performed and the results of the two groups were compared.Results: Schirmer test results we...
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - April 28, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Küçük EB, Küçük E, Kaydok E, Zor KR, Biçer GY Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

The effect of aquatic physical therapy in patients with stroke: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Abstract Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the literature reports of qualitative and quantitative results of physical therapy treatments in the alternative aquatic setting for individuals affected by strokes.Method: PRISMA guidelines were used to carry out the systematic review and meta-analysis. Three bibliographic databases were searched: MEDLINE, PEDro, and the Cochrane Library. Papers included in the study were required to: (a) have a randomized controlled trial (RCT) design of research; and (b) be published in English; (c) be published during the last 10 years (2008-2018). Only randomized c...
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - April 27, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Giuriati S, Servadio A, Temperoni G, Curcio A, Valente D, Galeoto G Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Perceived social support and social constraints in Hausa women stroke survivors: A cross-sectional study.
Conclusion: Findings of this study suggest that adequate social support potentially limits the level of social constraint encountered by women who suffered stroke. The Hausa culture seems to be impressive in characteristically demonstrating high level of social support as found in this study. It is recommended that physiotherapist should assist by providing educative programs that would increase caregiver's knowledge of social support and how to develop it and cultural values that emphasize positive social interaction should be encouraged. PMID: 32338588 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation)
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - April 27, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Lawal IU, Ali MY, Badaru UM Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Pro-inflammatory cytokines are associated with the development of post-stroke depression in the acute stage of stroke: A meta-analysis.
Abstract Background: Pro-inflammatory cytokines may be associated with post-stroke depression (PSD); however, results from different studies are inconsistent.Objectives: To investigate whether pro-inflammatory cytokines are associated with the development of PSD in acute stroke.Methods: PubMed, Embase, and Web of science were searched for relevant literature. Meta-analyzes were performed to determine whether the baseline blood concentrations of pro-inflammatory cytokines differed between acute stroke patients with and without depression. Sensitivity analyzes and regression analyzes were conducted to explore source...
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - April 21, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Chen Y, Pu J, Liu Y, Tian L, Chen X, Gui S, Xu S, Song X, Xie P Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Impairments in spatial navigation during walking in patients 70 years or younger with mild stroke.
Abstract Background: Spatial navigation, the ability to determine and maintain a route from one place to another, is needed for independence in everyday life. Knowledge about impairments in spatial navigation in people with mild stroke is scarce.Objectives: To explore impairments in spatial navigation in patients ≤70 years after first-ever mild ischemic stroke (NIHSS≤3) and to explore which variables are associated with these impairments 12 months later.Methods: Patients were examined in the acute phase, and after 3 and 12 months. To assess impairments in spatial navigation, we used the Flo...
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - April 21, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Hamre C, Fure B, Helbostad JL, Wyller TB, Ihle-Hansen H, Vlachos G, Ursin MH, Tangen GG Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Effects of trunk rehabilitation with kinesio and placebo taping on static and dynamic sitting postural control in individuals with chronic stroke: A randomized controlled trial.
Conclusions: Trunk rehabilitation is effective for improving dynamic and static sitting stability after stroke. The addition of kinesio taping to the back muscles further increases forward mobility. PMID: 32252619 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation)
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - April 6, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Cho YH, Cho KH, Park SJ Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

A psychosocial intervention for stroke survivors and carers: 12-month outcomes of a randomized controlled trial.
Conclusion: A personalized psychosocial intervention resulted in a significant improvement in carer satisfaction at 6 months but in no other outcomes. A lack of available services and barriers to social engagement may have impeded the effectiveness of this intervention. PMID: 32191569 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation)
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - March 19, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Minshall C, Castle DJ, Thompson DR, Pascoe M, Cameron J, McCabe M, Apputhurai P, Knowles SR, Jenkins Z, Ski CF Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Levels and patterns of physical activity in stroke survivors with different ambulation status living in low-income areas of Cape Town, South Africa.
Abstract Background: Little is known about physical activity (PA) in people with stroke living in low-income areas. The aim of this study was to characterize and contrast the levels and patterns of PA between stroke survivors with different ambulation status living in low-income areas in Cape Town, South Africa.Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 45 community-dwelling stroke survivors living in low-income areas in Cape Town participated. Accelerometers (Actigraph wGT3X-BT) were used to assess PA levels (vector magnitude counts and number of steps) and time spent sedentary, in light and moderate-to-vigorous PA ...
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - March 18, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Joseph C, Rhoda A, Conradsson DM Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Is functional disability a risk equivalent to the comorbidity of multi-vascular risk factors for cardiovascular events and all-cause death? A 5-year follow-up study.
Conclusion: FD 3-6 months after ischemic stroke is a risk equivalent to comorbidity of conventional vascular risk factors for the incidence of cardiovascular events and mortality of all-cause death. PMID: 32172677 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation)
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - March 15, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Guan S, Zhang X, Liu H, Zhang Y, Hou C, Ji X, Fang X Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Examining the feasibility and effectiveness of a culturally adapted participation-focused stroke self-management program in a day-rehabilitation setting: A randomized pilot study.
Conclusions: The results support the feasibility of the adapted IPASS, and show a trend for positive effects in improving participation and self-efficacy in managing participation in home and community activities, for an Israeli post-stroke population. PMID: 32174261 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation)
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - March 14, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Harel-Katz H, Adar T, Milman U, Carmeli E Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Factors associated with depressive symptoms of carepartners of stroke survivors after discharge from rehabilitation therapy.
Conclusions: Negative impacts of caregiving were found in this group of relatively high physically functioning SS which may hinder CP from providing optimal support for SS. Addressing CP needs including education regarding depression, fatigue, SS memory, and behavior problems, and family functioning while SS is receiving rehabilitation therapy may be important considerations to help facilitate the CP to support the SS in carrying over therapeutic activities in the home environment. PMID: 32160824 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation)
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - March 12, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Blanton S, Clark PC, Cotsonis G, Dunbar SB Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Impact of initial flexor synergy pattern scores on improving upper extremity function in stroke patients treated with adjunct robotic rehabilitation: A randomized clinical trial.
Conclusions: Post-strokerobot-assisted rehabilitation, as an adjunct to standard rehabilitation therapy, improved UE function in patients with moderate or severe pre-therapy UE flexor synergy impairment. Adjunct robotic therapy produced greater improvement in UE flexor synergy motor function than adjunct self-guided rehabilitation in patients with moderate pre-therapy impairment. PMID: 32151236 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation)
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - March 10, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Takebayashi T, Takahashi K, Domen K, Hachisuka K Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Does upper limb strength play a prominent role in health-related quality of life in stroke patients discharged from inpatient rehabilitation?
This study aimed to determine to what extent changes in HRQoL are related to changes in upper limb strength after discharge from inpatient rehabilitation.Methods: 250 patients from an RCT were assessed at discharge from inpatient rehabilitation (baseline) and at 12 weeks post-discharge (follow-up). The Stroke Impact Scale was used to measure HRQoL, and the Motricity Index Arm was used to measure upper limb strength. Hierarchical regression analysis was performed to determine the predictive value of upper limb strength on HRQoL, relative to demographic and clinical characteristics. Regression analys...
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - March 9, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Lieshout ECCV, van de Port IG, Dijkhuizen RM, Visser-Meily JMA Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Neurologic music therapy in multidisciplinary acute stroke rehabilitation: Could it be feasible and helpful?
Conclusions: Data suggest the service was feasible and helpful, particularly for patient mood, possibly improving engagement in rehabilitation. Research to determine generalizability in different stroke environments and treatment effects within them is warranted. PMID: 32131716 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation)
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - March 4, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Street A, Zhang J, Pethers S, Wiffen L, Bond K, Palmer H Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Immediate kinematic and muscle activity changes after a single robotic exoskeleton walking session post-stroke.
Conclusions: EKSO training appears capable of altering gait in people with chronic stroke and a viable intervention to reduce gait dysfunction post-stroke. PMID: 32077382 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation)
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - February 20, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Swank C, Almutairi S, Wang-Price S, Gao F Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Locomotor training intensity after stroke: Effects of interval type and mode.
Conclusions: Both short and long-interval HIIT elicit high intensities but emphasize different dosing parameters. From these preliminary findings and previous studies, we hypothesize that overground and treadmill short-interval HIIT could be optimal for improving gait speed and overground long-interval HIIT could be optimal for improving gait endurance. PMID: 32063178 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation)
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - February 16, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Boyne P, Scholl V, Doren S, Carl D, Billinger SA, Reisman DS, Gerson M, Kissela B, Vannest J, Dunning K Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) after stroke: Positive relationship between lower extremity and balance recovery.
Conclusions: Our result shows that LE motor recovery impacts the QoL more than motor recovery of UE after 60 days of neurorehabilitation. This finding is strengthened by a positive regression between balance skills and QoL. PMID: 32041495 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation)
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - February 10, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Martino Cinnera A, Bonnì S, Pellicciari MC, Giorgi F, Caltagirone C, Koch G Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Cognitive training in an everyday-like virtual reality enhances visual-spatial memory capacities in stroke survivors with visual field defects.
Conclusions: The results of the current study suggest that VR training can improve particularly visual-spatial skills in patients with hemianopia or quadrantanopia. Our study thus introduces an interesting novel treatment approach to improve cognitive functions relevant to daily life in stroke patients with visual field defects. PMID: 31960760 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation)
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - January 21, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Dehn LB, Piefke M, Toepper M, Kohsik A, Rogalewski A, Dyck E, Botsch M, Schäbitz WR Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

A multifaceted continuing professional development intervention to move stroke rehabilitation guidelines into professional practice: A feasibility study.
Conclusion: This study demonstrated the feasibility of assessing the impact of a CPD intervention in stroke rehabilitation uptake and informed the design of a research program aimed at increasing the use of stroke evidence-based rehabilitation interventions. PMID: 31960782 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation)
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - January 21, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Luconi F, Rochette A, Grad R, Hallé MC, Chin D, Habib B, Thomas A Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Translation and validation of the stroke self-efficacy questionnaire to a Portuguese version in stroke survivors.
Abstract Background: Stroke Self-efficacy Questionnaire (SSEQ) is not available to Portuguese-Brazil.Objective: To translate, perform cross-cultural adaptation, and validate the Stroke Self-efficacy Questionnaire (SSEQ) to Portuguese-Brazil (SSEQ-B).Methods: It is a cross sectional study: 1) translation and cross-cultural adaptation of SSEQ - a five stage process, 2) validation and reliability study with 40 chronic stroke survivors. The outcomes were: Content Validity Index (CVI), Face validity index, Reliability, Internal consistency, Stability, Ceiling and f...
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - January 17, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Makhoul MP, Pinto EB, Mazzini NA, Winstein C, Torriani-Pasin C Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Development and validation of a prediction model for home discharge in patients with moderate stroke: The Korean stroke cohort for functioning and rehabilitation study.
Conclusions: This novel assessment tool can be useful in predicting home discharge after subacute rehabilitation of moderate stroke patients. PMID: 31941411 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation)
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - January 15, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Kim MS, Joo MC, Sohn MK, Lee J, Kim DY, Lee SG, Shin YI, Kim SY, Oh GJ, Lee YS, Han EY, Han J, Ahn J, Chang WH, Kim YH, Choi JY, Hyun Kang S, Kim YT Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Home program practices for supporting and measuring adherence in post-stroke rehabilitation: a scoping review.
Conclusions: Future investigations that directly compare and identify the most effective strategies to support adherence to home programs for this population are warranted. The implementation of guidelines for reporting adherence to home programs is recommended. PMID: 31891554 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation)
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - December 31, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Donoso Brown EV, Nolfi D, Wallace SE, Eskander J, Hoffman JM Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Feasibility of integrative games and novel therapeutic game controller for telerehabilitation of individuals chronic post-stroke living in the community.
Abstract Background: Intensive, adaptable and engaging telerehabilitation is needed to enhance recovery and maximize outcomes. Such services may be provided under early supported discharge, or later for chronic populations. A novel virtual reality game-based telerehabilitation system was designed for individuals post-stroke to enhance their bimanual upper extremity motor function, cognition, and wellbeing.Objectives: To evaluate the feasibility of novel therapeutic game controller and telerehabilitation system for home use.Methods: Individuals chronic post-stroke and their caregivers were recruited (n = 8 + 8) for...
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - December 25, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Burdea GC, Grampurohit N, Kim N, Polistico K, Kadaru A, Pollack S, Oh-Park M, Barrett AM, Kaplan E, Masmela J, Nori P Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Effects of dynamic lycra orthosis as an adjunct to rehabilitation after botulinum toxin-A injection of the upper-limb in adults following stroke: A single-blinded randomized controlled pilot study.
Conclusions: Using lycra splints as an adjunct to an upper-limb rehabilitation program after stroke did not provide additional benefit in spasticity, upper-limb motor function, light touch threshold of fingers or stroke-specific quality-of-life. PMID: 31868130 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation)
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - December 23, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Giray E, Gencer Atalay K, Eren N, Gündüz OH, Karadag-Saygi E Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

How to identify fatigue in stroke patients: an investigation of the post-stroke fatigue case definition validity.
en RS Abstract Background: Fatigue is a common and often debilitating stroke sequela, and it is important to accurately define and detect post-stroke fatigue. Often questionnaires are used but a case definition has been developed and proposed as a better tool.Objectives: The aim of the study was to determine validity and inter-rater agreement of the case definition of post-stroke fatigue, and to determine optimal cutoff scores for marked fatigue on the Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory-20 and the Fatigue Severity Scale-7 questionnaires.Methods: Stroke patients were interviewed with the structured interview schedu...
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - December 21, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Poulsen MB, Skovbølling SL, Kruuse C, Overgaard K, Rasmussen RS Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Reference value of 6-minute walk distance in patients with sub-acute stroke.
Abstract Background: The 6-minute walk test (6MWT) has strong-to-moderate evidence to assess changes in walking distance for adults with neurologic conditions undergoing rehabilitation. However, the reference value of 6MWT distance according to walking ability and the cutoff value of walking independence in stroke patients in the rehabilitation unit has not been presented.Objectives: To present the reference value of 6MWT distance depending on walking ability and determine the cutoff value of walking independence in stroke patients.Methods: This cross-sectional observational study included 110 stroke patients admi...
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - December 18, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Kubo H, Nozoe M, Kanai M, Furuichi A, Onishi A, Kajimoto K, Mase K, Shimada S Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Factors affecting fear of falls in patients with chronic stroke.
Conclusion: The lower extremity Fugl-Meyer score is associated with fear of falls in patients having chronic stroke. PMID: 31847729 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation)
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - December 17, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Yadav T, Bhalerao G, Shyam AK Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Functionally navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation to evoke lingual pressure in stroke survivors with dysphagia and healthy adults: a proof of concept trial.
Conclusions: Single pulse TMS directly evokes higher lingual pressure and can define motor thresholds in intact and disordered corticolingual pathways. Stimulation sites using neuronavigation in healthy adults and stroke survivors largely differed from external coordinates in the literature that were predominantly established in young adults. Procedures to investigate motor thresholds for lingual pressure generation are proposed. The therapeutic role of TMS to address post-stroke deficits in lingual pressure and corticolingual excitability warrants continued investigation. PMID: 31838961 [PubMed - as supplied by publi...
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - December 14, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Pitts LL, Rogers L, Wang X, Bahia MM, Cherney LR Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Novel insights into stroke pain beliefs and perceptions.
Abstract Background: Chronic pain is common following stroke, yet its characteristics are poorly understood.Objectives: To characterize the beliefs and perceptions of people with stroke who experience chronic pain and compare these to a non-stroke population with chronic pain.Method: An online survey of the Pain Beliefs and Perceptions Inventory for stroke and non-stroke individuals with chronic pain. Pain beliefs and perceptions, including perceived causes of pain, were compared across the two groups.Results: A total of 223 participants completed all questions. The stroke group (N = 106) reported significantly hi...
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - December 10, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Haslam BS, Butler DS, Carey LM Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Clinimetric properties of the shortened Fugl-Meyer Assessment for the assessment of arm motor function in hemiparetic patients after stroke.
This study aimed to investigate the psychometric properties of the shortened FMA for the affected upper extremity in patients following stroke.Methods: A retrospective single-center study involving 30 patients was conducted. This study was registered in 2018 as a pre-initiation condition. The data used in this study were obtained from a study conducted between 2016 and 2017. The FMA (33- and 6-item versions) and the Action Research Arm Test, the Box-and-Block Test, and the Motor Activity Log were employed, and inter-rater reliability/agreement, validity, and internal consistency were assessed.Results: Regarding inter-rater...
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - December 10, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Amano S, Umeji A, Takebayashi T, Takahashi K, Uchiyama Y, Domen K Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Impact of mHealth technology on adherence to healthy PA after stroke: a randomized study.
Conclusions: The results suggest that mHealth technology provides a novel way to promote adherence to home exercise programs post stroke. However, frequent support and guidance of caregiver is required to ensure the use of mobile devices. PMID: 31790639 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation)
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - December 2, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Grau-Pellicer M, Lalanza JF, Jovell-Fernández E, Capdevila L Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Development and validation of a quality of relationship intervention for stroke survivor-family caregiver dyads.
Conclusions: This study extends the limited body of research about dyadic interventions after stroke. The next steps in this line of research include feasibility testing the intervention and evaluating its efficacy in a larger trial. PMID: 31782683 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation)
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - November 29, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: McCarthy MJ, Garcia YE, Dunn DJ, Lyons KS, Bakas T Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Making stroke centers truly comprehensive: a neurorehabilitation perspective.
PMID: 31782689 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation)
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - November 29, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Page SJ, Reimer A, Belagaje S Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Spasticity-induced Pectoralis minor syndrome: a case-report.
Conclusion: It should be kept in mind that spasticity in the upper extremity may develop in the pectoralis minor muscle, and may cause pressure on the neurovascular structures. Ultrasound-guided botulinum toxin injections can be a safe and effective treatment for PMS in a patent with post stroke spastic hemiparesis. PMID: 31774031 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation)
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - November 27, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Aktas I, Kaya E, Akpinar P, Atici A, Unlu Ozkan F, Palamar D, Akgun K Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research