Premorbid and illness-related social difficulties in eating disorders: an overview of the literature and treatment developments.

Conclusion More work is needed to establish whether these approaches can improve on the rather disappointing outcomes that are attained by currently used treatments for eating disorders. PMID: 29345581 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Neuropharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Neuropharmacol Source Type: research

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This column, which is the second in a 2-part series on the challenge of treating patients struggling with suicide, reviews one psychodynamic approach to working with suicidal patients that is consistent with the elements shared across evidence-based approaches to treating suicidal patients that were the focus of the first column in this series. Alliance Based Intervention for Suicide is an approach to treating suicidal patients developed at the Austen Riggs Center that is not manualized or a stand-alone treatment, but rather it is a way of establishing and maintaining an alliance with suicidal patients that engages the iss...
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Practice - Category: Psychiatry Tags: COLUMNS Source Type: research
Volume 17, Issue 4, October-December 2018, Page 279-294 .
Source: Journal of Infant, Child, and Adolescent Psychotherapy - Category: Child Development Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Direct costs were mainly caused by psychiatric hospital stays and outpatient physician treatments. CBT is likely to be cost-effective compared to WL, whereas PDT is unlikely to be cost-effective. PMID: 30380584 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Psychiatrische Praxis - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Prax Source Type: research
Authors: De Giorgi R, Cassar C, Loreto D'alò G, Ciabattini M, Minozzi S, Economou A, Tambelli R, Lucchese F, Saulle R, Amato L, Janiri L, De Crescenzo F Abstract Stimulant use disorders are highly prevalent with a large burden of disease. Most clinical guidelines recommend psychosocial interventions, but there are no clear hierarchies or indications. Moreover, these interventions have been reported unevenly in the literature. Identifying the most suitable treatment for each patient therefore represents a major challenge. In this review, we describe all psychosocial interventions for stimulant use disorders i...
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research
We present the most frequently used measures of alliance ruptures and clinical examples to illustrate their repair. To examine the relation of rupture repairs to outcome, and the impact of rupture resolution training on outcome, we conducted two meta-analyses. In the first meta-analysis, we examined 11 studies (1,314 patients) that examined the relation between rupture repair episodes and patient treatment outcomes. Results yielded an effect size of r = .29, d = .62, 95% confidence interval [.10, .47], p = .003, indicating a moderate relation between rupture resolution and positive patient outcome. Our second meta-analysis...
Source: Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Conclusions: The present study represents the first examination of variability in symptoms as a predictor of sudden gains. Findings indicated that sudden gains are significantly predicted by intraindividual variability in symptoms, in diverse settings, contexts, and populations. Advantages of this predictor, as well as clinical and research implications are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
This study examines attachment styles and interpersonal motives of therapist trainees by comparing them with matched reference samples from representative surveys. A total sample of 285 trainees, who were enrolled in either cognitive–behavioral or psychodynamic therapy training programs, was recruited via their training institutes. Participants answered questionnaires on attachment (Experiences in Close Relationships–Revised, 36-item version, and Experiences in Close Relationships–Revised, 8-item version) and interpersonal motives (Circumplex Scales of Interpersonal Values). Compared with 2 matched noncli...
Source: Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of two brief psychotherapy models for major depressive disorder (MDD). This is a randomized clinical trial with 247 individuals diagnosed with MDD. Supportive-expressive dynamic psychotherapy (SEDP) (18 sessions) and cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) (16 sessions) were the two models used in this study. Participants were evaluated at baseline, during treatment, and postintervention (last session). Clinically significant changes were found in both psychotherapy models, and CBT showed higher response rates. Regarding the Beck Depression Inventory-II [F(1,120) = 4.07, p = 0.04...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
This study examined the relationship between adherence flexibility early in treatment and outcome within psychodynamic psychotherapy of depression. For this purpose, we used multilevel modeling (MLM) to examine the relationship between adherence to global psychodynamic-interpersonal (PI) technique early in treatment with outcome, the impact of flexibly incorporating some limited cognitive-behavioral (CB) interventions, as well the role of therapist effects. Our sample included 46 outpatients who were consecutively enrolled in individual psychodynamic psychotherapy, received a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Dis...
Source: Journal of Counseling Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
It is well-established that several types of psychotherapies are effective in the treatment of adult depression, including cognitive behavior therapy (Cuijpers  et al., 2016), behavioral activation therapy (Ekers et al., 2014), interpersonal psychotherapy (Cuijpers et al., 2016), problem-solving therapy (Malouff et al., 2007), and possibly brief psychodynamic therapy (Driessen et al., 2015) and non-directive counseling (Cuijpers et al., 2012). There is also considerable evidence that the effects of these therapies do not or only marginally differ from each other (...
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Review article Source Type: research
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