Premorbid and illness-related social difficulties in eating disorders: an overview of the literature and treatment developments.

Conclusion More work is needed to establish whether these approaches can improve on the rather disappointing outcomes that are attained by currently used treatments for eating disorders. PMID: 29345581 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Neuropharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Neuropharmacol Source Type: research

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It is well-established that several types of psychotherapies are effective in the treatment of adult depression, including cognitive behavior therapy (Cuijpers  et al., 2016), behavioral activation therapy (Ekers et al., 2014), interpersonal psychotherapy (Cuijpers et al., 2016), problem-solving therapy (Malouff et al., 2007), and possibly brief psychodynamic therapy (Driessen et al., 2015) and non-directive counseling (Cuijpers et al., 2012). There is also considerable evidence that the effects of these therapies do not or only marginally differ from each other (...
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Review article Source Type: research
Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities, Ahead of Print. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the outcome of psychodynamic psychotherapy for people with intellectual disabilities (ID), which has a limited but supportive evidence base. Design/methodology/approach The study is a systematic open trial of flexible-length psychodynamic therapy offered in an urban community to 30 people with mild and moderate ID, presenting with significant emotional distress on the Psychological Therapies Outcome Scale for people with intellectual disabilities (PTOS-ID). Allocation to therapy was made according to an ...
Source: Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
Conclusions: These results are comparable to the large SOPHO-NET trial in adults (n = 495). Early treatments for social anxiety are needed in order to prevent chronic manifestation of SAD.Psychother Psychosom
Source: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
This article examines the stigma against both psychiatrists and PDT, identifies some of the challenges to advocacy that psychiatrists face, and offers an approach to developing the necessary skills that psychiatrists need to advocate effectively for PDT.
Source: Psychiatric Clinics of North America - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
h T Abstract According to the Federal Healthcare Survey (Bundesgesundheitssurvey), approximately 15% of the German population fulfil the diagnostic criteria for at least one anxiety disorder within (any) 1 year. Women are affected approximately twice as often as men. The study by the Robert Koch Institute included the systematic assessment of panic disorder, agoraphobia, generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder and specific phobias; therefore, the question for both those affected and the treating therapist is "anxiety disorders: which psychotherapy for whom?" is of great clinical and healthc...
Source: Der Nervenarzt - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Nervenarzt Source Type: research
This column reviews 2 recent high-quality psychotherapy research studies. One study by Steinert and colleagues suggests that psychodynamic therapy is equivalent to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) (or medication when this was the comparator) for a range of disorders. A second study by Barlow and colleagues finds Unified Protocol CBT targeting underlying emotional dysregulation to be equivalent to single disorder-specific CBT for a range of anxiety disorders. Taken together, these studies help bridge the gap between CBT and psychodynamic therapy and refocus us on the realities of clinical settings, where most patients pre...
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Practice - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Columns Source Type: research
This study investigated whether partner-related attachment characteristics differentially predict premature treatment termination as well as posttreatment and 1-year follow-up outcome in patients with social anxiety disorder treated with a manualized cognitive–behavioral therapy (CBT) or short-term psychodynamic therapy (PDT) in the SOPHO-NET (Social Phobia Psychotherapy Network) trial. Participants were 412 patients with social anxiety disorder (57% female) with a mean age of 35.4 years (SD = 12.1) who were randomized to either CBT or PDT. Partner-related attachment characteristics were measured using the revised Ex...
Source: Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is associated with considerable individual suffering and societal costs. Although there is ample evidence for the efficacy of cognitive behavior therapy, recent studies suggest psychodynamic therapy may also be effective in treating SAD. Furthermore, Internet-based psychodynamic therapy (IPDT) has shown promising results for addressing mixed depression and anxiety disorders. However, no study has yet investigated the effects of IPDT specifically for SAD. This paper describes a randomized controlled trial testing the efficacy of a 10-week, affect-focused IPDT protocol for SAD, compared with a w...
Source: Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Sensorimotor psychotherapy (SP) is used for the treatment of trauma and attachment challenges. It is informed by interpersonal neurobiology, trauma, and attachment research blending theory and techniques from cognitive, affective, and psychodynamic therapy with somatic interventions. In SP, the body is the target of therapeutic interventions. By bringing sensorimotor processes into awareness using both cognitive (top‐down) and sensorimotor (bottom‐up) processes this approach aims to interrupt autonomic somatic narratives embedded in procedural memory. These adaptive patterns can impact abilities in affect regulation an...
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Family Therapy (ANZJFT) - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
In psychotherapy research unified, transdiagnostic and modular treatments have emerged. This is true for both cognitive-behavioral therapy and psychodynamic therapy. Recently, two unified psychodynamic protocols were presented, one for anxiety disorders, another for depressive disorders. Integrating the treatment principles for these two highly prevalent disorder groups into one protocol for "emotional disorders" may be useful for both clinical practice and training in psychotherapy.
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Review article Source Type: research
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