Premorbid and illness-related social difficulties in eating disorders: an overview of the literature and treatment developments.

Conclusion More work is needed to establish whether these approaches can improve on the rather disappointing outcomes that are attained by currently used treatments for eating disorders. PMID: 29345581 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Neuropharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Neuropharmacol Source Type: research

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We present the most frequently used measures of alliance ruptures and clinical examples to illustrate their repair. To examine the relation of rupture repairs to outcome, and the impact of rupture resolution training on outcome, we conducted two meta-analyses. In the first meta-analysis, we examined 11 studies (1,314 patients) that examined the relation between rupture repair episodes and patient treatment outcomes. Results yielded an effect size of r = .29, d = .62, 95% confidence interval [.10, .47], p = .003, indicating a moderate relation between rupture resolution and positive patient outcome. Our second meta-analysis...
Source: Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Conclusions: The present study represents the first examination of variability in symptoms as a predictor of sudden gains. Findings indicated that sudden gains are significantly predicted by intraindividual variability in symptoms, in diverse settings, contexts, and populations. Advantages of this predictor, as well as clinical and research implications are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
This study examines attachment styles and interpersonal motives of therapist trainees by comparing them with matched reference samples from representative surveys. A total sample of 285 trainees, who were enrolled in either cognitive–behavioral or psychodynamic therapy training programs, was recruited via their training institutes. Participants answered questionnaires on attachment (Experiences in Close Relationships–Revised, 36-item version, and Experiences in Close Relationships–Revised, 8-item version) and interpersonal motives (Circumplex Scales of Interpersonal Values). Compared with 2 matched noncli...
Source: Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of two brief psychotherapy models for major depressive disorder (MDD). This is a randomized clinical trial with 247 individuals diagnosed with MDD. Supportive-expressive dynamic psychotherapy (SEDP) (18 sessions) and cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) (16 sessions) were the two models used in this study. Participants were evaluated at baseline, during treatment, and postintervention (last session). Clinically significant changes were found in both psychotherapy models, and CBT showed higher response rates. Regarding the Beck Depression Inventory-II [F(1,120) = 4.07, p = 0.04...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
It is well-established that several types of psychotherapies are effective in the treatment of adult depression, including cognitive behavior therapy (Cuijpers  et al., 2016), behavioral activation therapy (Ekers et al., 2014), interpersonal psychotherapy (Cuijpers et al., 2016), problem-solving therapy (Malouff et al., 2007), and possibly brief psychodynamic therapy (Driessen et al., 2015) and non-directive counseling (Cuijpers et al., 2012). There is also considerable evidence that the effects of these therapies do not or only marginally differ from each other (...
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Review article Source Type: research
Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities, Ahead of Print. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the outcome of psychodynamic psychotherapy for people with intellectual disabilities (ID), which has a limited but supportive evidence base. Design/methodology/approach The study is a systematic open trial of flexible-length psychodynamic therapy offered in an urban community to 30 people with mild and moderate ID, presenting with significant emotional distress on the Psychological Therapies Outcome Scale for people with intellectual disabilities (PTOS-ID). Allocation to therapy was made according to an ...
Source: Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
Conclusions: These results are comparable to the large SOPHO-NET trial in adults (n = 495). Early treatments for social anxiety are needed in order to prevent chronic manifestation of SAD.Psychother Psychosom
Source: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
This article examines the stigma against both psychiatrists and PDT, identifies some of the challenges to advocacy that psychiatrists face, and offers an approach to developing the necessary skills that psychiatrists need to advocate effectively for PDT.
Source: Psychiatric Clinics of North America - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
h T Abstract According to the Federal Healthcare Survey (Bundesgesundheitssurvey), approximately 15% of the German population fulfil the diagnostic criteria for at least one anxiety disorder within (any) 1 year. Women are affected approximately twice as often as men. The study by the Robert Koch Institute included the systematic assessment of panic disorder, agoraphobia, generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder and specific phobias; therefore, the question for both those affected and the treating therapist is "anxiety disorders: which psychotherapy for whom?" is of great clinical and healthc...
Source: Der Nervenarzt - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Nervenarzt Source Type: research
This column reviews 2 recent high-quality psychotherapy research studies. One study by Steinert and colleagues suggests that psychodynamic therapy is equivalent to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) (or medication when this was the comparator) for a range of disorders. A second study by Barlow and colleagues finds Unified Protocol CBT targeting underlying emotional dysregulation to be equivalent to single disorder-specific CBT for a range of anxiety disorders. Taken together, these studies help bridge the gap between CBT and psychodynamic therapy and refocus us on the realities of clinical settings, where most patients pre...
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Practice - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Columns Source Type: research
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