UK research investment analysis shows HIV and TB are relatively well funded, but pneumonia is neglected

UK research investment analysis shows HIV and TB are relatively well funded, but pneumonia is neglectedFri, 01/12/2018 - 15:05News blog
Source: The Aspergillus Website - updates - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Source Type: news

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LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog - Emergency medicine and critical care medical education blog aka Tropical Travel Trouble 009 The diagnosis of HIV is no longer fatal and the term AIDS is becoming less frequent. In many countries, people with HIV are living longer than those with diabetes. This post will hopefully teach the basics of a complex disease and demystify some of the potential diseases you need to consider in those who are severely immunosuppressed. While trying to be comprehensive this post can not be exhaustive (as you can imagine any patient with ...
Source: Life in the Fast Lane - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Cases Tropical Medicine AIDS art cryptococcoma cryptococcus HIV HIV1 HIV2 PEP PrEP TB toxoplasma tuberculoma Source Type: blogs
We describe a fatal case of influenza complicated by simultaneous methicillin-resistant S. aureus pneumonia and invasive pulmonary aspergillosis.
Source: Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research
Authors: Ono R, Sato S, Okada S, Kanbe E, Tanaka E, Tamai Y Abstract Vertebral aspergillosis is a rare infectious disease with a high mortality rate. We herein report a 70-year-old woman with acute myelogenous leukemia with myelodysplasia-related changes, nontuberculous mycobacteriosis, and bronchiectasis who presented with a fever and cough. Her clinical symptoms and laboratory test results suggested febrile neutropenia and pneumonia. However, her clinical course was further complicated by lower extremity weakness. Magnetic resonance imaging of the spine showed consolidation contiguously spreading toward the epidu...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Authors: Hasegawa J, Wakai S, Kono M, Imaizumi Y, Masuda S, Ishizu A, Honda K Abstract Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) -associated vasculitis (AAV) and cryoglobulinemic vasculitis (CV) rarely coexist. An 83-year-old woman was admitted with rapidly progressive renal failure, gastrointestinal hemorrhage and purpura with myeloperoxidase (MPO) -ANCA positivity and cryoglobulinemia. Despite intensive immunosuppressive treatment, she died of aspergillus pneumonia. Autopsy revealed necrotizing crescentic glomerulitis in the majority of the glomeruli, accompanied by partially membranoproliferative-like glomerul...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare primary immunodeficiency caused by a germline defect in one of the genes (CYBB, NCF1, CYBA, NCF2) encoding the NADPH oxidase 2 (NOX2) components responsible for the phagocyte oxidative burst and the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). An early diagnosis and a prompt treatment are crucial for improving outcomes in affected patients. CGD is usually diagnosed in early childhood, and more than 95% of cases are diagnosed by the age of 5 years [1, 2]. However, CGD can be diagnosed late in adulthood [1–3]. Aside from residual NOX2 activity, factors underlying late ...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Original Articles: Research letters Source Type: research
Hyperimmunoglobulin E syndromes (HIES) are rare primary immunodeficiency diseases characterized by markedly elevated serum immunoglobulin (Ig) E, recurrent pneumonia, and chronic eczema. To date, information about pediatric HIES is limited. We aimed to evaluate the spectrum of clinical and immunological features in pediatric patients with HIES in China. We retrospectively reviewed the cases of 4 pediatric patients with HIES followed at the Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center from May 2013 to September 2017. We analyzed clinical presentation, laboratory data, immunological evaluations, imagenological characterist...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
No abstract available
Source: JCR: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research
This study retrospectively evaluated fungal dissemination due to hospital reconstruction and explored effective methods of predicting an outbreak. Methods Patients suspected of having invasive aspergillosis were tested for Aspergillus galactomannan antigen before and after reconstruction, and the mean values of three months of testing for positive patients were determined. The characteristics of patients with aspergillosis during this period were also assessed. Results Forty-five patients were positive for Aspergillus antigen (>0.5 cut-off index) from January 2013 to December 2014. Mean Aspergillus antigen values signif...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Authors: Kaneko Y, Oinuma KI, Terachi T, Arimura Y, Niki M, Yamada K, Kakeya H, Mizutani T Abstract A 53-year-old woman was hospitalized due to septic shock after developing pneumococcal pneumonia after undergoing esophageal cancer surgery. Her transverse colon became perforated after receiving antimicrobial chemotherapy; therefore, emergency subtotal colectomy was performed. Fungi detected in both her colon tissue and a drainage sample indicated intestinal mucormycosis. Early intensive treatment with high-dose liposomal amphotericin B was successful, and she was subsequently discharged from the hospital. The funga...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Hemoptysis is an important respiratory symptom in renal transplant patients. Although community- or hospital-acquired pneumonia may result in hemoptysis, drug-induced diffuse alveolar hemorrhage and Aspergillus infection should be considered for causes in renal transplant patients. PMID: 29527996 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation : official journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Exp Clin Transplant Source Type: research
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