Mother to Child Transmission of Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamase Producing Enterobacteriaceae

Conclusions ESBL-E carriage rates in mothers and NICUs infants with a non-negligible maternal-neonatal ESBL-E transmission, in our region indicates that maternal colonization surveillance, and/or further infection control interventions should be considered.
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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What can we expect from the flu season this year? Unfortunately, many experts are predicting an active, and possibly severe, flu season. This projection is based on data from Australia, where the flu season is just wrapping up. Australia was hit early and hard by flu this year: over 300,000 patients had laboratory-confirmed influenza, a record number of cases. Flu outbreaks in the Southern Hemisphere happen during our summers, and they often give us a clue as to what we should expect when the flu lands on our shores in the fall. Who should get the flu vaccine? Basically, everybody over the age of 6 months, except for those...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Cold and Flu Health Prevention Vaccines Source Type: blogs
Authors: Wilder-Smith A, Preet R, Brickley EB, Ximenes RAA, Miranda-Filho DB, Turchi Martelli CM, Araújo TVB, Montarroyos UR, Moreira ME, Turchi MD, Solomon T, Jacobs BC, Villamizar CP, Osorio L, de Filipps AMB, Neyts J, Kaptein S, Huits R, Ariën KK, Willison HJ, Edgar JM, Barnett SC, Peeling R, Boeras D, Guzman MG, de Silva AM, Falconar AK, Romero-Vivas C, Gaunt MW, Sette A, Weiskopf D, Lambrechts L, Dolk H, Morris JK, Orioli IM, O'Reilly KM, Yakob L, Rocklöv J, Soares C, Ferreira MLB, Franca RFO, Precioso AR, Logan J, Lang T, Jamieson N, Massad E Abstract Zika Preparedness Latin American Network ...
Source: Global Health Action - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research
Authors: Abdulkadir A, Gebrehiwot TT Abstract Background: Rubella is a vaccine-preventable disease associated with a significant morbidity and adverse pregnancy outcomes, mainly if acquired in the first trimester of pregnancy with serious consequences to the fetus. Despite increased episodes of rubella epidemics (127 outbreaks in 2009-2015), rubella national vaccination is not yet introduced in Ethiopia. In January 2018, an increase of fever and rash cases was reported in Kuyu District of Oromia. We investigated the outbreak to confirm rubella, determine risk factors, and guide interventions. Methods: We identi...
Source: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Interdiscip Perspect Infect Dis Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that universal adult vaccination with Tdap would not be a cost-effective intervention for preventing pertussis cases and deaths in infants in Brazil. PMID: 31648911 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
This report summarizes national surveillance data describing clinical features of more recently reported cases and interim recommendations based on these data for U.S. health care providers caring for patients with suspected or known EVALI. It provides interim guidance for 1) initial clinical evaluation; 2) suggested criteria for hospital admission and treatment; 3) patient follow-up; 4) special considerations for groups at high risk; and 5) clinical and public health recommendations. Health care providers evaluating patients suspected to have EVALI should ask about the use of e-cigarette, or vaping, products in a nonjudgm...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewIn some countries, pregnant women experience disproportionately high morbidity and mortality during infectious disease outbreaks due to a variety of gender-based factors and pregnancy-related immunological changes. Despite this, the interests of pregnant women have largely been absent from policies that guide the design of clinical trials and the deployment of vaccines in epidemic contexts. This review examines historic precedent for both excluding and including pregnant women in vaccine trials and considers the rights of pregnant women in epidemic crises.Recent FindingsThe latest research reveals ...
Source: Current Tropical Medicine Reports - Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research
We examined the serum antibody response to ZIKV and other flaviviruses in Brazilian women giving birth during the 2015–2016 outbreak. Infected pregnancies with intermediate or higher ZIKV antibody enhancement titers were at increased risk to give birth to microcephalic infants compared with those with lower titers (P
Source: The Journal of Experimental Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Infectious Disease and Host Defense Articles Source Type: research
30 million to be offered free NHS flu jab this winter Related items fromOnMedica Swine flu jab in pregnancy safe for children as well as mothers Routine child vaccination coverage rates fall World ’s first malaria vaccine piloted in Malawi babies Parental confidence in immunisation programme ‘very high’ Easter travellers warned over Europe measles outbreak
Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
(CNN) — There are now more than 1,000 cases of vaping-related lung injuries across the United States, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. As of Tuesday, 1,080 cases of lung injury associated with the use of e-cigarettes or vaping have been reported to the CDC, Schuchat said. Cases have been reported in 48 states and the US Virgin Islands. There have been 19 deaths confirmed from 16 states: two in California, two in Kansas, two in Oregon, and one each from Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Jersey and Virginia...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health News Syndicated CBSN Boston CNN Vaping Source Type: news
Zika virus (ZIKV) was a re-emerging arbovirus associated with Guillain–Barré Syndrome in adult and congenital Zika syndrome in fetus and infant. Although ZIKV was mainly transmitted by mosquito bites, many sexual transmission cases have been reported since the outbreak in 2015. ZIKV can persist in testis and semen for a long time, causing testicular tissue damage and reducing sperm quality. However, no drug has been approved for prevention or treatment of ZIKV infection, especially infection in male testicular tissue. Previously reported peptide Z2 could inactivate ZIKV, inhibiting ZIKV infection in vitro and ...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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