The ‘obesity paradox’ is nonsense, a new study reveals

A new study from New York University finds the fatal flaw in the development of the 'obesity paradox,' showing that being fatter does not improve survival rates for those with heart diseases.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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[Vanguard] As Nigeria is aiming to excel in the ongoing 2018 FIFA World Cup tournament in Russia, the country is already in the race to win the undesirable Obesity World Cup.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
The effect of obesity in shoulder arthroplasty has been recently reported in the literature with different and conflicting results. This review analyzes the role of obesity on outcomes and complications in shoulder arthroplasty. Morbid obesity (body mass index  >40  kg/m2), more than standard obesity, is associated with a longer operative time, higher complication rate, reoperation rate and superficial infection. Obesity does not have a detrimental effect on functional outcomes. The magnitude of functional improvement in obese patients, however, can be inferi or to that in nonobese patients. Obesity and morbid...
Source: Orthopedic Clinics of North America - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
Obese patients have increased rates of upper extremity injury, carpal tunnel syndrome, and upper extremity osteoarthritis. Preoperative considerations include cardiovascular disease, pulmonary disease, and diabetes mellitus. Intraoperative and anesthetic considerations include specialized equipment, patient positioning, and the physiology of obese patients. Postoperative considerations should include increased risk of cardiovascular complications as well as surgical site infections and malunion. Surgery of the hand and upper extremity may be less prone to the postoperative complications seen in other regions of the body. T...
Source: Orthopedic Clinics of North America - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
Obese children with high-energy injuries present with more severe injuries, more extremity injuries, and higher Injury Severity Scores. They are at increased risk for complications, prolonged ventilation, and ICU stay and have increased mortality. Obesity is associated with altered bone mass accrual and higher fracture rates. Obese patients have a higher risk of loss of reduction of forearm fractures, more severe supracondylar fractures, and a higher likelihood of lateral condyle fractures. Obese patients are more likely to have complications with femur fractures and have higher rates of foot and ankle fracture.
Source: Orthopedic Clinics of North America - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
This article explores the effects of obesity and bariatric surgery on osteoarthritis and total joint arthroplasty, and also discusses the financial and ethical implications of use of bariatric surgery for risk reduction before total joint arthroplasty.
Source: Orthopedic Clinics of North America - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
Maternal overweight and obesity increase the risk of fetal acidosis during labor, Published online: 19 June 2018; doi:10.1038/s41372-018-0144-5Maternal overweight and obesity increase the risk of fetal acidosis during labor
Source: Journal of Perinatology - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Source Type: research
DiscussionGender differences are common and have previously been attributed to societal norms. Desired physical activity consisted of longing to participate in more of their current activities involving contact sports for boys and general play for girls. Interviews conducted in neutral settings can allow for natural, unrestricted responses from children. New activities should be introduced to expand desired activity and subsequently increase physical activity within these populations.SignificanceWhat is already known about the subject?Social, economic, and geographic risk factors combined with a lack of access to physical ...
Source: Journal of Public Health - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
А cross-sectional study was performed on a continuous sample of patients (N=52) with the gastroesophageal reflux disease. Specific features of this disease in patients with overweight were revealed. Regurgitation predominated in the structure of complaints. Fibrogastroduodenoscopy revealed endoscopically negative form of the diseases in 38% of cases. According to 24-h pH monitoring results, alkaline reflux pH>7 took more than 25% time in supine position at high DeMeester score, which limits the usage of aggressive acid-lowering therapy.
Source: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine - Category: Biology Source Type: research
(Reuters Health) - Obese people with knee osteoarthritis, a painful joint disease, may find greater symptom relief when they lose larger amounts of weight than when they shed fewer pounds, a recent study suggests.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news
In this study, JMJD3 was identified unexpectedly as a gene-specific transcriptional partner of SIRT1 and epigenetically activated mitochondrial β-oxidation, but not gluconeogenic, genes during fasting. Mechanistically, JMJD3, together with SIRT1 and the nuclear receptor PPARα, formed a positive autoregulatory loop upon fasting-activated PKA signaling and epigenetically activated β-oxidation–promoting genes, including Fgf21, Cpt1a, and Mcad. Liver-specific downregulation of JMJD3 resulted in intrinsic defects in β-oxidation, which contributed to hepatosteatosis as well as glucose and insulin intol...
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
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