Salivary α‐amylase as a marker of stress reduction in individuals with intellectual disability and autism in response to occupational and music therapy

ConclusionsNot only do these results confirm the stress‐reducing nature of two types of multisensory therapy, but they support the use of sAA as a potential tool for evaluating stress levels in individuals with intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorder, providing an important physiological lens that may guide strategies in clinical and non‐clinical care for individuals with disabilities.
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - Category: Disability Authors: Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research

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Conclusions and implicationsLiteracy instruction using ABRA is associated with improvement in reading accuracy for children with ASD when administered in small groups within a school setting. Children with ASD may require additional supports to make gains in reading comprehension when literacy instruction using ABRA is delivered in groups.
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
DISCUSSION: Studies from human-machine interaction support the idea of a behavioral signature in children with ASD. However, several issues need to be addressed. Is this behavioral signature motoric in essence? Is it possible to ascertain that these peculiarities occur during all motor tasks (e.g. posture, voluntary movement)? Could this motor signature be considered as specific to autism, notably in comparison to DCD that also display poor motor coordination skills? We suggest that more work comparing the two conditions should be implemented, including analysis of kinematics and movement smoothness with sufficient measure...
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The proposed TRBD and MTRBD criteria may provide an important signpost to help clinicians, researchers and stakeholders in judging how and when to consider new non-standard treatments. However, some challenging diagnostic and therapeutic issues were identified in the consensus process that need further evaluation and research.Declaration of interestIn the past 3 years, M.B. has received grant/research support from the NIH, Cooperative Research Centre, Simons Autism Foundation, Cancer Council of Victoria, Stanley Medical Research Foundation, MBF, NHMRC, Beyond Blue, Rotary Health, Geelong Medical Research Found...
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 December 2018Source: NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Teresa H. Wen, Jonathan W. Lovelace, Iryna M. Ethell, Devin K. Binder, Khaleel A. RazakAbstractFragile X Syndrome (FXS) is a leading genetic cause of autism and intellectual disabilities. Sensory processing deficits are common in humans with FXS and an animal model, the Fmr1 knockout (KO) mouse, manifesting in the auditory system as debilitating hypersensitivity and abnormal electroencephalographic (EEG) and event-related potential (ERP) phenotypes. FXS is a neurodevelopmental disorder, but how EEG/ERP phenotypes change during development is u...
Source: Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
aul Galvin The goal of real-time feedback on physiological changes, stress monitoring and even emotion detection is becoming a technological reality. People in their daily life experience varying emotional states, some of which are negative and which can lead to decreased attention, decreased productivity and ultimately, reduced quality of life. Therefore, having a solution that continuously monitors the physiological signals of the person and assesses his or her emotional well-being could be a very valuable tool. This paper aims to review existing physiological and motional monitoring devices, highlight their features...
Source: Sensors - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
AbstractThe present study aims to develop an assessment instrument for children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) in Turkey based on the Autism Behavior Checklist (ABC). Validity and reliability studies of Adapted ABC (AABC) were conducted on 969 children with ASD and 164 children with intellectual disability from 21 cities in Turkey. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses revealed a two-factor structure. The correlation of the AABC with the Gilliam Autism Rating Scale-2-Turkish Version supported criterion-referenced validity. Reliability analyses demonstrated that test –retest, internal consistency, and ite...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
The health secretary has asked CQC to review the use of restrictive interventions in settings that provide inpatient and residential care for people with mental health problems, a learning disability or autism.
Source: NHS Networks - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
In conclusion, our data, added to those reported in the literature, are particularly significant for understanding the pathogenic effect of single gene dosage alterations. As for other recurrent syndromes with variable phenotype, these findings are challenging in genetic counselling because of an evident variable penetrance.Cytogenet Genome Res
Source: Cytogenetic and Genome Research - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
In conclusion, our data, added to those reported in the literature, are particularly significant for understanding the pathogenic effect of single gene dosage alterations. As for other recurrent syndromes with variable phenotype, these findings are challenging in genetic counselling because of an evident variable penetrance.Cytogenet Genome Res
Source: Cytogenetic and Genome Research - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Children and youths with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have behavioural characteristics and severe social disabilities that make them vulnerable to victimisation. The current study explores the prevalence of ...
Source: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
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