Pudendal nerve injury impairs anorectal function and health related quality of life measures ≥2 years after 3D conformal radiotherapy for prostate cancer.

CONCLUSIONS: 3D-CRT ± HDR brachytherapy for prostate carcinoma, impairs late functional measures including HRQoL, anorectal and pudendal nerve function. Rectal, anal and pudendal nerve radiation dose constraints are proposed for reducing the prevalence of pudendal nerve dysfunction. PMID: 29139310 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Oncologica - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Acta Oncol Source Type: research

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Authors: Montazeri K, Bellmunt J Abstract Introduction: Since the approval of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), there has been continuing and significant progress in urothelial cancer (UC) treatment. However, only about one fifth of UC patients respond to ICI. Recently, erdafitinib was developed for treating locally advanced or metastatic UC (mUC) with FGFR3 or FGFR2 alterations, accounting for 15-20% of patients. Erdafitinib is the first targeted therapy ever approved for mUC.Areas covered: This review summarizes the preclinical and clinical data on erdafitinib for UC. PubMed search and relevant articles presen...
Source: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol Source Type: research
Authors: Jakubowska K, Koda M, Kisielewski W, Kańczuga-Koda L, Famulski W Abstract The presence of tumor cells in the large intestine stimulates hypoxia and local inflammatory mediators that activate numerous inflammatory cells, including a diverse lymphoid tumor cell population. The aim of the present study was to evaluate tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) located in the invasive primary tumor, surrounding deposits of tumor cells and those present in distal metastatic cells in the liver of patients with colorectal cancer. Furthermore, the correlation of TILs with anatomical parameters was assessed. The study ...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the beneficial effect of endorectal power Doppler/grayscale ultrasound-guided biopsy over that of mpMRI/TRUS-guided biopsy for decision-making regarding prostatectomy in males with a high risk of prostate cancer. Data regarding endorectal power Doppler/grayscale ultrasound-guided biopsies and mpMRI/TRUS-guided biopsies of 1,094 males with elevated specific prostate antigen, were included. Radical prostatectomy was performed in males aged
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Authors: Guo L, Chen B, Zhang L, Deng Y, Li H, Shi QD Abstract A 49-year-old female patient developed chest tightness and shortness of breath without apparent cause and presented to a local hospital. Chest radiography indicated increased thickening of the lung texture, increased multiple patchy densities in the lower lobes of the bilateral lungs and a slightly enlarged thyroid. The patient was treated for pulmonary infection with antibiotics but the symptoms persisted. A repeated CT scan revealed ground-glass attenuation of the bilateral lungs with multiple flaky exudates and visible bronchogenic signs. The symptom...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Authors: Toma M, Beluşică L, Stavarachi M, Apostol P, Spandole S, Radu I, Cimponeriu D Abstract Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a disease preventable in up to 50% of the patients by lifestyle modifications. The preventive strategy for the decrease in the incidence and mortality of CRC is based on understanding the relations between the environmental and genetic factors. The most important identified risk factors for CRC are aging, personal and familial history of CRC or adenomas, hereditary colon cancer syndromes, dietary patterns, and inflammatory bowel disease. The purpose of this review is to update data referring ...
Source: Journal of Medicine and Life - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Life Source Type: research
Conclusions: CD200 has a great impact in diagnosing B- chronic lymphoproliferative disorders, especially when we want to determine the origin of a CD19, CD5 positive population and distinguish between CLL and MCL. CD 23 is a reliable marker in those cases, but, as we showed, CD23 might have a lower specificity than CD200 for CLL. We added CD200 in our panels in order to diagnose chronic lymphoproliferative disorders, not to replace CD 23, but to improve and save time in our diagnostic process. The high expression of CD200 in CLL and HCL could open the option for new- targeted therapy (anti-CD200). PMID: 31803290 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Medicine and Life - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Life Source Type: research
Conclusions: Choosing the type of approach is related to surgeon experience, although 79-94% of the surgeons prefer the transabdominal lateral approach. We believe that with an experienced surgical team, there is no difficulty in performing adrenalectomy by transabdominal approach, with no significantly prolonged operating time, even though the patient has previously had abdominal surgery. PMID: 31803289 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Medicine and Life - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Life Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 January 2020Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, Volume 185Author(s): L. Vallan, J. Hernández-Ferrer, L. Grasa, J.M. González-Domínguez, M.T. Martínez, B. Ballesteros, E.P. Urriolabeitia, A. Ansón-Casaos, A.M. Benito, W.K. MaserAbstractGiven the potential applications of fluorescent carbon nanoparticles in biomedicine, the relationship between their chemical structure, optical properties and biocompatibility has to be investigated in detail. In this work, different types of fluorescent carbon nanoparticles are synthesized by acid treatment, sonochemical trea...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
In this study, we constructed a PEG-MnO2-OPN siRNA nanocomplex via a modular streptavidin bridge for the theranostic treatment of renal carcinoma in vitro and in vivo. This strategy of utilizing PEG-MnO2 nanosheets for OPN siRNA delivery showed effective tumor growth inhibition of 786-O tumor-bearing mice, and such a process could be monitored by the activated T1-weight MRI, illustrating the promising potential of PEG-MnO2 nanosheets for the fabrication of an MRI-based theranostic system.
Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Authors: Lee J Abstract Several controversial studies linking handgrip strength and health have suggested that low handgrip strength in older adults may be related to health problems and have investigated whether there is a minimum handgrip strength level associated with reduced mortality. Thus, by meta-analysis, the authors identified an association between handgrip strength in older adults and disease-specific mortality and all-cause mortality. Thirty studies with a total of 194,767 older adult participants were included in this meta-analysis. Higher handgrip strength was associated with an 18% decrease in all-ca...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research
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