Epidemiology and socio-demographic risk factors of self-immolation: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Suicide, as a self-harming behavior, is an important cause of death around the world [1]. It was the 15th leading cause of death for all ages (1.4% of all deaths) worldwide in 2012, accounting for over 800,000 estimated deaths [2]. The age standardized rate of suicide was 11.4 per 100,000 and 80% of global suicide occurs in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) [3]. There are several methods of committing suicide, including poisoning, hanging, drug or alcohol overdose, gun shot, exsanguination, jumping, suffocation and carbon monoxide inhalation.
Source: Burns : Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: Diabetes &Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research &ReviewsAuthor(s): S. Gentile, F. Strollo, E. Satta, T. Della-Corte, C. Romano, G. Guarino, Nefrocenter Research Study Group: Nephrologists, Diabetologists, NursesSummaryDiabetes Mellitus (DM) is the most common cause of renal failure and ESRD all over the world, and often requires an individualized insulin treatment regimen. Malnutrition, depression-related eating behavior changes, high on-off-dialysis day-to-day glycemic variability and frequent hypoglycemic events occurring during or immediately after dialy...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: Diabetes &Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research &ReviewsAuthor(s): Mahdieh Sedighi Pashaki, Jamal Asad Mezel, Zahra Mokhtari, Reza Ghanei Gheshlagh, Parisa Shahbazi Hesabi, Taban Nematifard, Soore KhakiAbstractDepression is one of the most common psychiatric disorders in patients with diabetes, which can exacerbate and accelerate adverse diabetes complaints by reducing self-care behaviors and medication adherence. The purpose of this study is to estimate the prevalence of depression in Iranian patients with diabetes. The search was conducted in the database...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionHigh prevalences of underweight and overweight/obesity were identified in ASEAN countries and several correlates were identified which can help to tailor interventions.
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Shalaka S. Ramgir and V. G. Abilash*
Source: Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This study aimed to determine the feasibility of an occupational therapy intervention to address sedentary behavior and pain among older adults residing in assisted living facilities. A single group pretest and posttest design was implemented using the Sedentary Behavior Questionnaire, actigraphy technology, and daily activity logs to measure sedentary behavior. The Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire was used to assess pain. Occupational therapy intervention focused on individualized goals related to participation in meaningful physical activities, which were established in collaboration with the participant and were tra...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research
ConclusionThe Wallace rule of nines is a quick and acceptable method for estimating the total burn surface area percentage in men of all BMI ranges. However, for women, a more accurate method of burn area estimation is required as proposed by our BMI adjusted charts.
Source: Burns - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the risk behaviors of adolescents with T1D and the effect of orthorexic eating behaviors (OEB) on glycemic control (GC). Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 107 adolescents with T1D who were between 13-18 years of age and attended high school. The risk behavior scale (RBS) and orthorexic behavior scale (ORTO-11) were administered to the participants. A high RBS score indicates risky behavior; a low ORTO-11 score suggests a tendency to OEB. At the same time, participants were tested for GC and categorized as optimal GC (HbA1c ≤7%) or poor GC (HbA1c>7%). Result...
Source: JCRPE Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2019Source: Autoimmunity ReviewsAuthor(s): José María G. Ruiz de Morales, Lluís Puig, Esteban Daudén, Juan D. Cañete, José Luis Pablos, Antonio Olveira Martín, Carlos González Juanatey, Alfredo Adán, Xavier Montalbán, Natalia Borruel, Guillermo Ortí, Esther Holgado Martín, Carolina García-Vidal, Cynthia Vizcaya Morales, Víctor Martín Vázquez, Miguel Ángel González-GayAbstractInterleukin 17 (IL-17) is a proinflammatory cytokine that has been the focus of...
Source: Autoimmunity Reviews - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: R2PHF was safe and well-tolerated at doses ranging from 0.0625 to 0.50 mg. A single administration of 0.50 mg was determined to be the maximum tolerated dose of R2PHF. Further pharmacodynamics, safety, and efficacy testing is required to advance R2PHF to the next stage of clinical development and application.
. PMID: 31724530 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther Source Type: research
ConclusionOur results highlight rumination as a two-edged sword that reflects a disease-specific neuropathology but also points to a functionality of depressive symptoms with evolutionary meaning.
Source: Progress in Neuro Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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