Transesophageal echocardiographic thromboembolic risk is associated with smoking status in patients with atrial fibrillation

Conclusions TEE findings indicated that smoking status could be associated with thromboembolic risk in patients with AF.
Source: Journal of Arrhythmia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

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AbstractAtrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia in clinical practice and its prevalence increases with age. Few data are available about the clinical performance of direct oral anticoagulant (DOACs) in patients aged  ≥ 80 years with AF. The aim of our propensity score matched cohort study was to compare the safety and efficacy of DOACs versus well-controlled VKA therapy among octogenarians with AF in real life setting. Data for this study were sourced from the multicenter prospectively maintained Atrial Fibrillation Research Database (NCT03760874), which includes all AF patients followe...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
ConclusionA combined procedure is feasible and effective in treating arrhythmia and stroke risk associated with PLAF. The risk of TE despite OAC after LAAEI supports simultaneous LAAO.
Source: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
ConclusionTTS has a good short- and medium-term prognosis. However, the rate of in-hospital complications is high and should not be overlooked. Dyspnea at presentation, CKD, CAD and lower LVEF on admission were independent predictors of in-hospital complications. Prolonged QTc on admission was associated with complications in follow-up.ResumoIntroduçãoA síndrome de Takotsubo (TTS) caracteriza-se por disfunção sistólica ventricular esquerda transitória.ObjetivoCaracterizar uma população portuguesa com TTS e determinar o seu prognóstico a curto e mé...
Source: Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Authors: Häusler KG, Landmesser U Abstract Atrial fibrillation is the most frequent cardiac arrhythmia worldwide, causing approximately 20% of all ischemic strokes. Therefore, oral anticoagulation is recommended in patients with atrial fibrillation with at least a moderate risk of stroke; however, there is a significant proportion of patients who cannot undergo long-term oral anticoagulation. As the left atrial appendage is of major relevance for atrial fibrillation-induced thrombus formation, catheter-based or surgical closure of the left atrial appendage appears to be a promising therapeutic option...
Source: Herz - Category: Cardiology Tags: Herz Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 3 May 2019Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): Rémi Peyronnet, Ursula RavensAbstractAtria-selective antiarrhythmic drugs in need of alliance partnersGuideline-based treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) comprises prevention of thromboembolism and stroke, as well as antiarrhythmic therapy by drugs, electrical rhythm conversion, ablation and surgical procedures. Conventional antiarrhythmic drugs are burdened with unwanted side effects including a propensity of triggering life-threatening ventricular fibrillation. In order to solve this therapeutic dilemma, ‘atria-selectiv...
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Embolism associated with asymptomatic carotid stenosis shows circadian variation with highest rates 4–6 h before midday. This corresponds with peak circadian incidence of stroke and other vascular complications. These and ASED Study results show that monitoring frequency, duration, and time of day are important in ES detection. Introduction Transcranial Doppler (TCD) detected microembolism in the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery (MCA) may help stratify the risk of stroke and other arterial disease complications in persons with advanced (≥60%) asymptomatic carotid stenosis. If so, this techniqu...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion An occult preexisting atrial fibrillation may lead to unnecessary percutaneous foramen ovale closure in a significant proportion of patients. A 6-month loop-recorder monitoring may improve the patient oriented decision-making.
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Tags: Research articles: Arrhythmias Source Type: research
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, with heart failure (HF) and thromboembolism including stroke being the major consequences.1 Thus, stroke prevention with oral anticoagulants is crucial, but highly challenging, for AF management in many patients.2,3 Although our understanding of the underlying molecular mechanisms promoting AF increased substantially over the years, contemporary approaches using drugs are only moderately effective and have substantial side effects, including proarrhythmia.
Source: Heart Rhythm - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Editorial Commentary Source Type: research
Conclusion In real-life conditions, NVAF patients treated with apixaban show rates of treatment discontinuation and major bleedings, which are comparable to those found in the ARISTOTLE pivotal study, thus supporting its external validity.
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Tags: Research articles: Arrhythmias Source Type: research
Atrial fibrillation (AF), the most common sustained arrhythmia, is responsible for>20% of all strokes.1 AF-associated strokes are more severe, causing significantly greater long-term disability, accounting for greater resource utilization, and resulting in significantly higher mortality compared to non-AF strokes.2 –4 Oral anticoagulants (OACs) are the standard of care for the prevention of AF-associated stroke and systemic thromboembolism. To date, OACs are the only therapeutic intervention that has been consistently and definitively shown to improve survival in the AF population.
Source: Heart Rhythm - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Editorial Commentary Source Type: research
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