Acute ischemic stroke in a 19 month old following minor head trauma: case report and review of the literature - Garla V, Pino E, Coulon R, Wolfer R.

We describe a nineteen month old patient who developed left hemiparesis and subsequently left facial palsy after a fall. MRI of the brain showed hypodensities in the bas...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

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One ‐third of patients with ischaemic stroke before 70 years of age showed increased muscle tone at 7‐year follow‐up. Half of them also had classical spasticity, and almost every tenth had one or more contractures. Increased muscle tone was predicted by age, arm paresis, aphasia, and facial palsy at index stroke. AbstractBackgroundSystematic studies on increased muscle tone and spasticity late after ischemic stroke, without any selection, are limited. Therefore, we aimed to determine the prevalence of increased muscle tone, classical spasticity and contracture and predictors of increased muscle tone seven years after...
Source: Brain and Behavior - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
AbstractPatients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) due to large vessel occlusion (LVO) should be triaged to an endovascular-capable hospital by the emergency medical service (EMS). We designed a prehospital LVO prediction scale based on EMS assessments. In the derivation cohort, 1157 patients transferred to our hospital by the EMS because of suspected stroke within 24 h of onset were retrospectively examined. Factors associated with AIS due to LVO were identified based on the EMS assessment, and a prehospital scale identifying LVO was developed. The accuracy of this scale was validated in 502 consecutive patients who were t...
Source: Translational Stroke Research - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Objectives: To study the applicability of National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) in early predicting the prognosis of poststroke dysphagia in an acute ward. Methods: This is an observational retrospective cohort study including adult patients with ischemic stroke. Patients with various factors affecting swallowing were excluded to obtain a representative sample of 165 patients. The main outcome measure was the improvements of oral intake function. Results: The scores of facial palsy (NIHSS item 4) (odds ratio [OR]: 0.484, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.279-0.838, P = .0096] and language/aphasia (NIHSS item 9) ...
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: CG-FAST scale could be an effective and simple scale for accurate identification of LVOS among AIS patients. Introduction Large vessel occlusion stroke (LVOS) often leads to severe disability and mortality. Although endovascular therapy (EVT) has been proved to be effective for LVOS patients (1–9), especially in anterior circulation, its benefit is highly time-dependent (10, 11). As hospitals with around-the-clock endovascular capability are scarce in many parts of the world and patients admitted directly to a CSC would have better outcomes than those receiving drip and ship treatment (12, 13), thi...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 30697794 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol Source Type: research
Treatment options for anticoagulated patients presenting with ischemic stroke are limited. Off-label use of idarucizumab to rapidly reverse the anticoagulant effect of dabigatran may ensure eligibility for thrombolytic therapy with alteplase. This case describes a 77-year-old white male who presented to the hospital 89 minutes after sudden onset of right-sided hemiparesis, dysarthria, and facial palsy. Significant history included atrial fibrillation and previous right-sided cortical stroke. Medication reconciliation revealed he was taking dabigatran 150 mg twice a day, with the last dose being 179 minutes before presentat...
Source: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing - Category: Neuroscience Tags: Case Study Source Type: research
The clinical distinction between habitual facial asymmetry, early stage peripheral facial palsy, and isolated central facial palsy is sometimes difficult. The diagnosis of acute central facial palsy is of importance to identify patients for stroke work-up and appropriate treatment. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence and localization of acute ischemic lesions associated with isolated central facial palsy.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
This study included consecutive patients with acute M1 occlusion who underwent revascularization treatment for acute MCA infarction. We evaluated clinical factors and the NIHSS score according to the collateral status assessed by multiphase perfusion computed tomography. Results Eighty-six patients were included (48 good collateral status, 38 poor collateral status). The patients with poor collateral status were more likely to have a higher total NIHSS score (18 versus 11, p 
Source: Interventional Neuroradiology - Category: Radiology Tags: Interv Neuroradiol Source Type: research
This study aimed to describe risk factors for stroke and clinical presentation of patients presenting to the emergency centre with stroke.MethodsWe conducted a cross sectional study conducted from August 2015 to January 2016 in an urban tertiary care centre in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Descriptive statistics and multivariable logistic regression models were used to evaluate associations between stroke types and stroke risk factors, and delayed presentation and clinical indicators. P-values less than .05 were considered statistically significant.ResultsA total of 104 patients were included. The mean age was 53 years, and 56%...
Source: African Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
Cervical artery dissection is one of the most important causes of ischemic stroke in young age patients. However, multiple cervical artery dissection simultaneously involving the anterior and posterior circula...
Source: BMC Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Case report Source Type: research
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