Traumatic brain injury: comparison between autopsy and ante-mortem CT - Panzer S, Covaliov L, Augat P, Peschel O.

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare pathological findings after traumatic brain injury between autopsy and ante-mortem computed tomography (CT). A second aim was to identify changes in these findings between the primary posttraumatic CT and the l...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

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BACKGROUND: Road traffic accidents (RTA) are one of the foremost causes of head injuries and its prevalence is more in developing countries owing to its unorganised road utilisation system. Maxillofacial injuries occur in 5-33% of all trauma cases universa...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Authors: Ghijselings S, Simon JP, Corten K Abstract Revision of the unstable stem of a total hip replacement following a peri-prosthetic fracture of the femur is a complex procedure with a high complication rate. With this study we aim to describe the radiologic findings of a specific fracture around polished tapered cemented stems and we present the results of a two- stage treatment plan for non-displaced Vancouver type B2 fractures. Eight male patients with a cemented polished, tapered stem presented after a fall. Standard radiographs did not show any direct signs of a fracture. CT scans showed a complex burst fr...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Acta Orthop Belg Source Type: research
This study reports a case of portopulmonary hypertension that was secondarily caused by post-traumatic mesenteric arteriovenous fistula. A 38-year-old man with a history of knife stabbing wounds in the abdomen in 2003 was admitted to the hospital with exertional shortness of breath and a mechanic murmur over the umbilical region. Computed Tomography indicated signs of portopulmonary hypertension and mesenteric arteriovenous fistula.
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
We report results in a series of 28 thoracolumbar flexion-distraction fractures without neurologic deficit, treated using a minimally invasive approach.MethodA single-center retrospective study was conducted for the period 2008–2015. Patients over 16 years of age with a flexion-distraction fracture without neurologic deficit were included. Analysis was based on preoperative CT-scan and measurement of post-traumatic kyphotic deformity. Surgery comprised posterior percutaneous fixation, alone or associated to an anterior step in case of discal lesion on preoperative MRI or of severe vertebral comminution. Operative tim...
Source: Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Certain patients who experience mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) may be at especially increased risk for developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or major depressive disorder (MDD) following injury, according to astudy published this week inJAMA Psychiatry.“We observed that having an antecedent mental health problem prior to TBI [traumatic brain injury] was an exceptionally strong risk factor for having PTSD or MDD postinjury,” wrote author Murray B. Stein, M.D., M.P.H., of the University of California, San Diego and colleagues. “[T]his finding underscores the importance of clinicians being aware...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: assault brain emergency department injury intervention JAMA Psychiatry mental health status mTBI Murray Stein surveillance violence Source Type: research
OBJECTIVE: To study the predictive relationship among persons with traumatic brain injury (TBI) between an objective indicator of injury severity (the adapted Marshall computed tomography [CT] classification scheme) and clinical indicators of injury severi...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Authors: Ghermandi R, Pipola V, Colangeli S, Parchi P, Andreani L, Capanna R, Gasbarrini A Abstract The use of pedicle screws in low bone quality patients implicates risks of secondary implant loosening for grip lack. In fact, the result is a reduced mechanical stability at bone-screw interface and consequently an increased chance of pullout and hardware failure. Augmentation techniques have been described for many years and fenestrated screws that allow cement injection is one of them. This is a retrospective observational study of patients treated at our department with polymethylmethacrylate- (PMMA) augmented fe...
Source: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Biol Regul Homeost Agents Source Type: research
DISCUSSION: The main indications for p.o. diagnostic imaging, difficulties such as metal artefact formation, and potential pitfalls are analyzed. Entity-specific radiological image patterns, imaging algorithms and differential diagnostic peculiarities are presented and discussed based on current literature and selected case studies. PMID: 30656385 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Der Orthopade - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Orthopade Source Type: research
Abstract The term SCIWORA (Spinal Cord Injury Without Radiographic Abnormality) indicates a clinically appreciable post-traumatic myelopathy in the absence of spinal column findings on radiographs and/or computed tomography (CT), but with pathologic findings at magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in approximately two-thirds of cases. Affecting mainly children younger than 8 years, SCIWORA has been, however, also described in adult patients, but, due to the uncertainty of classification and frequent co-morbidity, the term "adult SCIWORA" has generated controversy, and some debate is still active. In this art...
Source: Acta Bio-Medica : Atenei Parmensis - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Acta Biomed Source Type: research
Intracranial hemorrhage after traumatic brain injury (TBI) can be life threatening and requires prompt diagnosis. CT scans are a rapid and accurate way to evaluate for hemorrhage. However, in patients with mild and moderate TBI, in whom the incidence of in...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
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