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Morning Break: Cancer and Alcohol; Insulin Prices; Quick Cancer Diagnosis

(MedPage Today) -- Health news and commentary from around the Web gathered by the MedPage Today staff
Source: MedPage Today Pulmonary - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: news

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It can be awkward or difficult to welcome back a colleague who has been absent for reasons related to mental health. These issues, historically, have been taboo, and are loaded with stigma. It is hard to know how to act toward a colleague who has returned from treatment for a mental health issue. Do I ask about it? Do I pretend that nothing happened? Do I say that I hope they are feeling better? Usually, none of these options feels right. This difficulty is particularly true when colleagues return from being treated for problems with drugs or alcohol. The stigma in our society against people suffering from addiction is ram...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Addiction Behavioral Health Mental Health Workplace health Source Type: blogs
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: International Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Conclusions: Taken together with reported reductions in diabetes, vascular disease and dementia, it is clearly important that every effort is taken to promote healthy lifestyles throughout the population, and it is pointed out that cancer and other screening clinics afford 'teachable moments' for the promotion of a healthy lifestyle. PMID: 29434658 [PubMed]
Source: Ecancermedicalscience - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Ecancermedicalscience Source Type: research
AbstractThe aim of this study was to assess oral cancer awareness among undergraduate dental students in Marmara University Faculty of Dentistry. A validated questionnaire which tested oral cancer awareness was given to third- and fifth-year students of the dental faculty of Marmara University. A total of 198 students participated in this survey. Knowledge of oral cancer risk factors and diagnosis procedures, dentistry student ’s attitude towards oral cancers, management practice regarding oral cancer, and oral cancer information sources were assessed using 25 questions. The data were analyzed with IBM SPSS Statistic...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe purpose of this review is to summarize the management of serrated colorectal polyps (SPs), with a particular focus on the most common premalignant SP, sessile serrated adenoma or polyp (SSA/P). These lesions present a challenge for endoscopists with respect to detection and resection, and are also susceptible to pathologic misdiagnosis.Recent FindingsPatients with SSA/Ps are at an increased risk of future colorectal neoplasia, including advanced polyps and cancer. Reasonable benchmarks for SP detection rates are 5 –7% for SSA/Ps and 10–12% for proximal SPs. Certain endoscopic techni...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
In this study, we review the properties o f hepatic γδ T cells and summarize the roles of γδ T cells in liver diseases. We believe that determining the properties and functions of γδ T cells in liver diseases enhances our understanding of the pathogenesis of liver diseases and is useful for the design of novel γδ T cell-based therap eutic regimens for liver diseases.
Source: Frontiers of Medicine - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a spectrum of disorders ranging from reversible steatosis to life-threatening and irreversible cirrhosis, and in few percent cases hepatocellular cancer [1]. Alcohol exposure induces oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction, which leads to hepatocyte apoptosis, necrosis, and necroptosis, as well as hepatic inflammation. In addition, ethanol consumption disrupts lipid metabolism and subsequently accumulates excessive triglycerides in the liver, further aggravating liver injury [2].
Source: Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: International Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Cancer represents the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, with approximately 14 million new cases and 8.2 million cancer related deaths in 2012. This number is predicted to rise by approximately 70% over the next two decades according to the World Health Organization. Prognosis depends heavily on both early detection and frequent monitoring of the patient's response to treatment. Cancerous tumors shed nucleic acids into blood, which can be detected by ultra-deep sequencing of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). This method has the potential to provide early detection in asymptomatic individuals or those with vague, ...
Source: NIH OTT Licensing Opportunities - Category: Research Authors: Source Type: research
In this study, A. japonica extracts were evaluated for their in vitro antioxidant potentials and anticancer effects in AGS human gastric carcinoma cell line. The antioxidant properties of A. japonica extracts were evaluated using several biochemical assays, including FRAP (ferric reducing antioxidant power) assay, ABTS (2, 2′-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid)), DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl), alkyl and hydroxyl radical scavenging activity assay. Our study showed that ethanol extract of A. japonica (AJE) has a more potent antioxidant activity than its water extract. In addition, AJE extract inh...
Source: Journal of Applied Biomedicine - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
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