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Morning Break: Cancer and Alcohol; Insulin Prices; Quick Cancer Diagnosis

(MedPage Today) -- Health news and commentary from around the Web gathered by the MedPage Today staff
Source: MedPage Today Pulmonary - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: news

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The Nov 7 publication of Alcohol and Cancer: a Statement of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) emphasises the prominence of alcohol as a proven cause of many cancers. This view is not novel and comes exactly 30 years after a working group of the International Agency for Research on Cancer determined that alcoholic beverages were carcinogenic to humans. It has been echoed by other cancer societies since then but seemingly ignored by the wider medical community and by society. The influential endorsement by ASCO provides a powerful impetus to act on decades of evidence that alcohol harms health.
Source: LANCET - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
Authors: Arantes LMRB, de Carvalho AC, Melendez ME, Lopes Carvalho A Abstract INTRODUCTION: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) encompasses tumors arising from several locations (oral and nasal cavities, paranasal sinuses, salivary glands, pharynx, and larynx) and currently stands as the sixth most common cancer worldwide. The most important risk factors identified so far are tobacco and alcohol consumption, and, for a subgroup of HNSCCs, infection with high-risk types of human papillomavirus (HPV). Despite several improvements in the treatment of these tumors in the last decades, overall survival rates h...
Source: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics - Category: Laboratory Medicine Tags: Expert Rev Mol Diagn Source Type: research
UK Supreme Court rules minimum unit price is legal Related items fromOnMedica Alcohol and the nervous system Alcohol dependency and detoxification Tighter pub licensing linked to 2% cut in admissions Governments must do more to fight alcohol harm says OECD England faces 135,000 alcohol-related cancer deaths by 2035
Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
Abstract Most cases of acute pancreatitis are related to gallstones. More than 80% resolve within a few days. The diagnosis is based on upper abdominal pain, elevated lipase and/or amylase, and transabdominal ultrasound findings. Management requires early aggressive hydration, pain control, nutritional support, and monitoring for progression. Patients who develop hypovolemia, systemic inflammatory response, pancreatic necrosis, and organ failure have high mortality, risk of recurrence, and progression to chronic pancreatitis (CP). Genetic predisposition and repeated injury may be necessary for CP. Management requi...
Source: Primary Care - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Prim Care Source Type: research
Funding Opportunity PAR-18-018 from the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts. The purpose of this Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) is to provide support for the development of innovative interventions that improve cancer-related health behaviors across diverse racial/ethnic populations. Specifically, this FOA is intended to stimulate research aimed at 1) testing new theories and conceptual frameworks; 2) developing and evaluating novel strategies to improve cancer-related health behaviors; 3) investigating multi-level and multi-behavioral approaches; and 4) utilizing innovative research designs, methodologies, and tec...
Source: NIH Funding Opportunities (Notices, PA, RFA) - Category: Research Source Type: funding
CONCLUSION: Alcohol vapor inhalation is feasible and effective to alleviate AWS timely, which is reliable for patients to get through the fasting time after surgery. PMID: 29135112 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of B.U.ON. - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J BUON Source Type: research
Authors: Karamanakos PM, Trafalis DT, Papachristou DJ, Panteli ES, Papavasilopoulou M, Karatzas A, Kardamakis D, Nasioulas G, Marselos M Abstract Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common and aggressive malignancy of the central nervous system. Treatment usually involves a combination of surgical resection, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy, but ultimately this condition is incurable. Besides the dismal prognosis of GBM, financial factors have also presented challenges for advancing treatments. Taking into consideration the high cost of developing new anticancer drugs as well as the fact that GBM is a rare dise...
Source: Journal of B.U.ON. - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J BUON Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Alcohol intake showed J-shaped associations with the risk of total mortality and three leading causes of death. However, heavy drinking increases the risk of mortality, which highlights the necessity of drinking in moderation coupled with liver holidays. PMID: 29129895 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research
CRC is one of the major public health problems worldwide representing the third most common cancer in men and the second in women with more than 600,000 deaths every year [1,2]. The emergence of new cases of CRC may be related to various risk factors, including: diet, lifestyle, smoking, hereditary syndromes (familial adenomatous polyposis, Lynch syndrome, and MYH-associated polyposis, etc.), obesity, high alcohol intake, family history, inflammatory bowel disease and age> 50 (Supplemental Figure S1) [3].
Source: Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractDNA repair mechanisms allow maintain genomic stability and proper functioning within the cells. Any aberrations may cause an increased risk of many diseases such as cancer. The most crucial risk factors for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma are behavioral factors, predominantly chronic exposure to tobacco, alcohol addiction, and infection with human papillomavirus or Epstein –Barr virus. These agents can induce DNA damage; therefore, cells must activate appropriate mechanisms in order to function correctly. Cancer cells are marked with genomic instability, which is associated with a greater tendency for t...
Source: Medical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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