Sources of relative clause processing difficulty: Evidence from Russian
This study investigates the sources of processing difficulty in complex sentences involving relative clauses (RCs). Self-paced reading and eye tracking were used to test the comprehension of Russian subject- and object-extracted RCs (SRCs and ORCs) that had the same word-order configuration, but different noun phrase (NP) types (full NPs vs. pronouns) in the embedded clause. In both SRCs and ORCs, this NP intervened between the modified noun and the RC verb. A corpus analysis and acceptability rating experiment indicated different frequency/preference profiles for this word order depending on RC type and embedded NP type. In line with these profiles, processing difficulty was revealed early in the embedded clause for less frequent/dispreferred constructions. Later in the embedded clause, the processing of the RC verb was comparable for both SRCs and ORCs when the same number of NP arguments was available for integration. While there were no indications of an ORC penalty at or after this verb, late-stage comprehension difficulty was found for full-NP ORCs, but not for their pronominal counterparts, suggesting that similarity-based interference in combination with ORC structure influences the overall comprehension of these sentences. Taken together, these findings support a hybrid model under which independent sources of processing difficulty affect different stages of RC comprehension.
PPAR-γ Agonists and Their Role in Primary Cicatricial Alopecia. PPAR Res. 2017;2017:2501248 Authors: Harnchoowong S, Suchonwanit P Abstract Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPAR-γ) is a ligand-activated nuclear receptor that regulates the transcription of various genes. PPAR-γ plays roles in lipid homeostasis, sebocyte maturation, and peroxisome biogenesis and has shown anti-inflammatory effects. PPAR-γ is highly expressed in human sebaceous glands. Disruption of PPAR-γ is believed to be one of the mechanisms of primary cicatricial alopecia (PCA) pathoge...
The president scored a 30 out of 30 on a cognitive assessment during his physical last week, his doctor told reporters
Conclusions: The hierarchical structure of the CART model provides a diagnostic algorithm linked with the risk of malignancy at every step of the procedure. It also provides guidance on the use of ancillary examinations as it goes by simple, human understandable rules.Acta Cytologica
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The risk for type 2 diabetes was reduced by almost half throughout their childbearing years for women who breastfed for 6 months or longer, a study found.Medscape Medical News
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - U.S. President Donald Trump passed a cognitive test and is in overall excellent health, but needs to lose 10 to 15 pounds (4.5 to 6.8 kg) by eating better and starting to exercise, the White House physician said on Tuesday.
CONCLUSION: Our findings do not support epicardial fat's beneficial effects on bone health, whereas general adiposity has an osteotropic effect. The association between EFT and BMC is through common genetic component factors. PMID: 29332861 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: Affected infants and toddlers in Fukushima suggested some growth disturbances and early adiposity rebound, which can cause obesity. The future growth of children affected by disasters should be followed carefully. PMID: 29332860 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Los Angeles-based model Lauren Wasser, 29, lost her right leg in 2012 and had the other one amputated last week. 'Life is about to be so different, again!' she said in a post before the surgery.
In this study, eleven volunteers (aged 37-52) took six early-afternoon naps (30 minutes) in their occupational workplace, under two different conditions: control 'Naps' or 'Naps + RT' with a within-subjects design. Our results demonstrate that adding RT to naps changes sleep architecture, with a significant increase in the TST, mostly due to N2 sleep stage (and N3, to a lesser extent). Therefore, the deepening of short naps with RT involving hypnosis might be a successful non-pharmacological way to extend sleep duration and to deepen sleep in occupational settings. PMID: 29332862 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]