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Paleoart: the strange history of dinosaurs in art – in pictures

Since the early 19th century, artists have depicted colourful – if sometimes fictional – dinosaurs and prehistoric environments, mingling science with unbridled fantasy. This art is the subject of a new book: PaleoartContinue reading...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Science and nature Dinosaurs Books Culture Art Art and design Illustration Zoology Fossils Evolution Source Type: news

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Abstract Recently, the Occupational Therapy Department requested a custom-designed medical physiology course for the students in the new occupational therapy doctoral program. The first author, a physiologist with extensive experience in teaching both undergraduate preprofessional and medical students in human physiology, was recruited to design and implement the course. The course was designed to be consistent with the constructivist philosophy that guides the occupational therapy curriculum. The course was offered for the first time during fall/spring 2015/2016 and included both first- and second-year occupation...
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research
Abstract Research underscores the importance of retrieval-based practice and application of knowledge for meaningful learning. However, the didactic lecture format continues to persist in traditional university physiology courses. A strategy called whiteboarding, where students use handheld dry erase boards and work in small groups to actively retrieve, discuss, and apply concepts presented in the lecture, has the potential to address challenges associated with actively engaging students in science courses for greater learning. The purpose of this study was to empirically examine the potential benefits of whiteboa...
Source: Adv Physiol Educ - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Adv Physiol Educ Source Type: research
ConclusionsEMDR is a feasible treatment for recurrent and/or long‐term depression. Research on treatment efficacy and effectiveness is now required. Practitioner points EMDR may be an effective treatment for depression. EMDR could be considered if first‐line approaches (CBT and counselling) have been tried and failed. EMDR may be particularly helpful for service users with a history of trauma.
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Conclusion: Despite high rates of premature births and neonates small for gestational age in the transplant group, there was a good recovery of growth during the first year..What is Known:•Children born to renal transplanted mothers are exposed to immunosuppressive drugs during gestation [4].•They have high risk of premature birth and fetal growth restriction, immune alterations at birth, and risk of hospitalization for infection in the first months of life [5].What is New:•Despite high rates of premature birth and neonates small for gestational age, these infants had good growth recovery by 1  year of age.
Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
Conclusions: Research in pediatric rheumatology has resulted in dramatic advances in diseases management. Biologic treatments have improved physical and functional outcomes and quality of life of patients with rheumatic disease.What is Known:•NSAID, intra-articular injection of corticoids, and methotrexate are the mainstay in treatment of JIA.•In aggressive JIA, these treatments may be not sufficient to reach disease remission and to prevent long term disability.What is New:•In recent years, management of JIA has significantly improved with the development of biologic therapies that allowed children with art...
Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
Conclusion: This is a severe acute gastroenteritis case most probably attributed to the secondary infection of Rotarix-related virus without underlying diseases. The importance of molecular surveillance of rotavirus infections is discussed.What is Known:•The live-attenuated rotavirus vaccines, Rotarix and RotaTeq, have been successful in controlling severe diarrhea and have decreased deaths of young children globally.•Attenuated vaccine virus can grow in a recipient ’s gut and spread to naïve individuals and may revert to cause secondary symptomatic infections.What is New:•This is the first report...
Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
Conclusion: In that there is reasonable consensus that motor delays during the first year of life may represent aprodrome of ASD, pediatricians should not rule out the possibility of ASD in infants with concerning motor behaviors.What is Known:• Early identification of autism facilitates referral for early intervention services.• Traditional hallmarks for diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) include deficits in social communication and social interaction as well as repetitive patterns of behavior.What is New:• Recent research suggests that developmental motor delays during early childhood may also be ...
Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
Conclusion: Childhood cancer survivors have high seronegative rates for HBV and the majority of the patients achieved HBsAb titer>  10mIU/ml with a single booster dose of HBV vaccine, which is worth further investigation and research. This study suggests revaccination against HBV post-chemotherapy treatment, as the recommended advice, especially in countries with a high prevalence of HBV infection.What is Known:•There is a variable prevalence of low HBsAb titers measured after the end of chemotherapy in childhood cancer survivors.•There are no universal guidelines for revaccination of these patients.What ...
Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
Conclusions: Although our findings need to be validated by further prospective research, the developed imaging algorithm represents a risk-stratified approach towards less imaging studies in children with unilateral UPJO, and a follow-up beyond 3  years of age should be considered only in selected cases at the discretion of the clinician.What is Known:• ultrasound and functional imaging represent an integral part of therapeutic decision-making in children with unilateral ureteropelvic junction obstruction• imaging studies cannot accurately assess which patients are in need of surgical intervention, therefore...
Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
AbstractThe essential role of ultrasound examinations in diagnosis and treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is widely accepted while the weighting and correlation of protective factors and perinatal risk for DDH still give rise to debate. Our aim was to investigate the impact of single and twofold combined risk and protective factors on the newborns' hip maturity, assessed with the Graf ultrasound method. Therefore, data sets of 11,820 universally screened newborns were analyzed. Univariate and logistic regression analyses were performed to correlate risk and protective factors with mature or immature but ...
Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
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