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Alcohol and drug toxicology screens at time of hospitalization do not predict PTSD or depression after traumatic injury - McLaughlin C, Kearns NT, Bennett M, Roden-Foreman JW, Roden-Foreman K, Rainey EE, Funk G, Powers MB, Warren AM.

BACKGROUND: Identifying risk factors for the development of PTSD and depression is critical for intervention and recovery after injury. Given research linking toxicology screens and substance use and the evidenced relationship between substance misuse and ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

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Firefighters constitute an understudied occupational group that are exposed to a great deal of occupational stress including potentially traumatic stress. As such, higher prevalence rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders have been observed within this population; however, very little is known about the trajectories of health-risk behaviors among firefighters in response to occupational stress over time. The present study enrolled 322 fire service recruits from 7 urban U.S. professional fire departments and followed them through the first 3 years of service. All enrollees were free of Axis...
Source: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
For years, the field of mental health has been largely barren of meaningful treatment advances. But now, scientists have new hope in the least likely of places: psychedelic drugs. Recent research suggests that certain psychedelic substances can help relieve anxiety, depression, PTSD, addiction and the fear surrounding a terminal diagnosis. “The biggest misconception people have about psychedelics is that these are drugs that make you crazy,” says Michael Pollan, author of the new book How to Change Your Mind: What the New Science of Psychedelics Teaches Us About Consciousness, Dying, Addiction, Depression, and ...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized healthytime Mental Health/Psychology Source Type: news
This study used a cross-sectional design to examine rates and MH correlates of disordered eating among women veterans treated in a primary care setting. Participants (N = 176) completed self-report measures of disordered eating attitudes and behaviors, depression, anxiety, PTSD, alcohol misuse, and military sexual trauma. Results indicated that women veterans were likely to report objective (35.8%) and subjective binge episodes (29.5%), as well as shape and weight concerns (36.4% and 23.3%, respectively). While, anxiety and PTSD were strongly associated with disordered eating, restraint, eating concerns, weight concern...
Source: Eating Behaviors - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research
This study investigates the association...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
This study examines the psychosocial difficulties in a group of exposed adolescents aged between 11 to 17, nine months after the tragedy. The analyses were conducted on a sample of 515 adolescents, attending high school, and living near the impact area. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), mental health problems (depression, anxiety), and problem use of alcohol or drugs prevalence were estimated. Multiple logistic regression was used to identify risk factors for PTSD clinical threshold. Almost half (43.4%) of adolescents reported being severely exposed to the railway accident and one third (31.3%) have reported a PTSD. S...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusion: The relationship between reductions in PTSD and depression during PE is transactional. Regardless of whether PTSD or depression decreases first, reduction in the other symptom cluster is likely to follow. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Abstract A growing body of evidence supports a bidirectional relationship between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and sleep disturbances. Fragmented sleep induced by sleep-related breathing disorders, insomnia, and nightmares impacts recovery and treatment outcomes and worsens PTSD symptoms. Despite recent attention, management of these disorders has been unrewarding in the setting of PTSD. This review summarizes the evidence for empirically supported treatments of these sleep ailments as it relates to PTSD including psychotherapeutic and pharmacologic interventions. Recent advances in positive airway pressu...
Source: Chest - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Chest Source Type: research
“With integrity, you have nothing to fear, since you have nothing to hide. With integrity, you will do the right thing, so you will have no guilt.” – Zig Ziglar When faced with deciding on how to act, sometimes the toughest part is figuring out how to do the right thing. Of course, how you view the right thing, what you think of as the right thing, makes all the difference. And this is often not clear. You may experience conflicting emotions, feel ambivalent about potential choices, or strongly for or against certain action — whether you are convinced that it either is or isn’t the right ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Brain and Behavior Ethics & Morality Inspiration & Hope LifeHelper Motivation and Inspiration Self-Help Compassion Core Values Decision Making Pay It Forward Source Type: blogs
We examined the association between lifetime patterns of GBV and HIV risk factors in 283 FSWs in Mombasa, Kenya. Patterns of GBV were identified with latent class analysis based on physical, sexual, or emotional violence from multiple perpetrators. Cross-sectional outcomes included depressive symptoms, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, disordered alcohol and other drug use, number of sex partners, self-reported unprotected sex, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in vaginal secretions, and a combined unprotected sex indicator based on self-report or PSA detection. We also measured HIV/STI incidence over 12  ...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Alcohol use disorder (AUD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are among the most prevalent disorders in U.S. military veterans and often co-occur. To date, most studies have focused on treatment-seeking samples, although many veterans with AUD/PTSD do not seek treatment. We evaluated the prevalence of psychiatric comorbidities, functioning, and quality of life in a nationally representative sample of U.S. veterans (using data from the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study) with AUD alone, PTSD alone, and comorbid AUD/PTSD to understand the incremental burden of having both disorders relative to either one....
Source: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
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