Proton-Beam Therapy in Limited-Stage SCLC Shows Promising Efficacy

Proton-beam therapy was found to be safe for patients with limited-stage small-cell lung cancer in the first prospective registry study of the therapy, with only a small number of high-grade toxicities.
Source: CancerNetwork - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Lung Cancer News Radiation Oncology Source Type: news

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This article summarizes the current evidence for ICIs in early and advanced NSCLC as well as in SCLC. Furthermore, current data and ongoing clinical trials on combination therapies are discussed as well as challenges of immunotherapy in lung cancer patients.
Source: Memo - Magazine of European Medical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study aimed to elucidate the characteristics of TTF-1-negative SCLC. We studied the associations between the expression of TTF-1 and the clinicopathological factors associated with SCLC, including survival and expression of neuroendocrine markers (synaptophysin, chromogranin A, and CD56), neuroendocrine cell-specific transcription factors (achaete-scute homolog like 1 (ASCL1), BRN2), a proliferation marker (Ki-67 labeling index), and an oncogene (Nuclear Factor 1B (NF1B)).
Source: Human Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Original contribution Source Type: research
ConclusionTo reduce the incidence of brain metastases, early PCI is more effective than late PCI for ED-SCLC patients.
Source: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study analyzed the clinical feature, laboratory examination, treatment and prognosis of SCLC patients with bone marrow metastasis. Methods The clinical data of 26 SCLC patients with bone marrow metastasis were analyzed retrospectively. Prognostic factors were evaluated. Results The median age of 26 patients was 57 years and the median time from diagnosis of SCLC to confirmed bone marrow metastases was 8 d. Most patients (96.2%) were accompanied by other organ metastases. The most common laboratory abnormalities were elevated lactate dehydrogenase in 19 cases (73.1%), thrombocytopenia and elevated alkaline phosphatase ...
Source: Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Condition:   Small-cell Lung Cancer Interventions:   Drug: neoadjuvant chemotherapy;   Procedure: radical surgery for stage II and IIIA small cell lung cancer (SCLC);   Procedure: prophylactic cranial irradiation;   Drug: Chemotherapy Sponsor:   Peng Zhang Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conclusions Our results suggest that polymorphic CCND1 may increase the risk of lung cancer in smokers from North India, and it may be associated with the overall survival of SCLC patients. PMID: 29739297 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Tumori - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Tumori Source Type: research
Authors: Pang H, Ma N, Shen W, Zhao Q, Wang J, Duan L, Chen W, Zhang N, Zhao Z, Liu L, Zhang H Abstract Among all malignancies, lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in China. Bone metastasis is one of the most common complications and one of the most important factors affecting the prognosis of lung cancer patients, which resulting in very poor therapeutic effects. Previously, we have demonstrated that the expression levels of Dickkopf1 (DKK1), a protein involved in cell regulation and proliferation, was dramatically higher in cells that have a tendency to metastasize and invade the bone tissue...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
In this study, a shotgun sequencing approach was used to study the microRNA (miRNA) cargo of serum-derived exosomes of small cell lung cancer (SCLC) (n=9) and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) (n=11) patients, and healthy controls (n=10). The study has identified 17 miRNA species that are differentially expressed in cancer patients and control subjects. Furthermore, within the patient groups, a set of miRNAs were differentially expressed in exosomal samples obtained before and after chemotherapy treatment. This manuscript demonstrates the potential of exosomal miRNAs for developing noninvasive tests for disease differenti...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
Throughout the entire world, prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) is the standard care for patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC) in whom a favorable therapeutic effect is achieved after front-line treatment, regardless of whether the disease is in the limited stage or extensive stage. In the EORTC study, PCI was shown to confer a survival benefit for patients with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC) who experienced any positive response after initial chemotherapy. However, the Japan study failed to confirm a survival benefit.
Source: Radiotherapy and Oncology - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
Prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) has been considered standard of care for patients with limited-stage small-cell lung cancer who achieve complete response to definitive treatment after a meta-analysis revealed its favorable effects on survival. In a European trial, PCI was also shown to confer a survival advantage for patients with extensive-stage (ES) SCLC who experienced any positive response after initial chemotherapy, leading to PCI also being considered a standard treatment for these patients as well.
Source: Radiotherapy and Oncology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
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