Research Summaries: Positive Psychology in Clinical Practice

Review articles are themselves supposed to be a summary of a field of inquiry, so it appeared queer summarizing a review article; but here I go. This post summarizes a 2005 review article appearing in Annual Review of Clinical Psychology. As it is more than a decade since the publication of this article by Martin Seligman, Angela Duckworth and Tracy Steen, I think it is appropriate to see how far the field has come since then and what still remains to be done. Embed from Getty Images Positive psychology (PP), in this article, is seen through the triple lens of focusing on subjective well-being or pleasure; flow, engagement, and strengths; and meaning in life. This is as contrasted with the traditional deficit focus of clinical psychology whereby one looks at diathesis (genetic vulnerability for disorders) and stress (environment acute events like death of a loved one and chronic conditions like poverty) to figure out causes of diseases and suffering. While not denying the importance of ‘fix-what’s-wrong’ , positive psychology takes a ‘build-what’s-strong’ approach. Antecedents of positive psychology can be seen in most earlier movements within psychology. For e.g., if one were to focus on Psychoanalysis, Freud’s pleasure principle, Adler’s ‘healthy’ strivings motivated by social interest and Fromm’s productive orientation, all relate to some aspects of the new positive psychology paradigm. However, Human...
Source: The Mouse Trap - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: happiness positive psychology Research Summaries Angela Duckworth Martin Seligman Source Type: podcasts

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So now, according to the Washington Post, the Trump Administration is “…considering a controversial proposal to study whether mass shootings could be prevented by monitoring mentally ill people for small changes that might foretell violence.”1 As a psychiatrist, I keep wondering how many times the White House will scapegoat those with psychiatric illnesses rather than looking at the scientific data on mass shooters. To understand the problem, consider the case of “Tyler” (a composite of many mass shooter profiles). Tyler is a 19-year-old, single, unemployed high school dropout. He was wo...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Criminal Justice Mental Health and Wellness Stigma Violence and Aggression extreme risk protection order mass shooting Mental Illness red flag law Source Type: blogs
 Chrisa Hickey’s journey into mental health advocacy started when her son, Tim, was diagnosed with very early onset schizophrenia after being admitted to a psychiatric hospital for the first time at the age of 11.  He had been showing symptoms for years and had received a half dozen different diagnoses. His family was desperately looking for answers. Tim’s illness took a toll on the entire family, which was only exacerbated by the lack of information and resources available to them.  In America, fewer than 100 children per year are diagnosed with very early onset schizophrenia. Chrisa had to find ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Bipolar Children and Teens Depression Family General Mental Health and Wellness Parenting Podcast Psychiatry Psychology Schizophrenia The Psych Central Show Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSION: This review provides valuable insight into the treatment of PTSD, as it supports the heterogeneous trajectories of psychotherapeutic responses and provides avenues for the development of interventions that consider individual-level factors in treatment response. PMID: 31535576 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Aloisi G, Zucchelli A, Aloisi B, Romanelli G, Marengoni A Abstract In patients with heart failure (HF), depression is common and associated with adverse outcomes such as reduced adherence to treatment, poor quality of life, increased hospitalizations and elevated mortality. Despite these adverse impacts, depression remain underdiagnosed in HF patients. We performed a target review of the literature to identify the association between HF and depression, to examine the mechanisms that link these two conditions and to identify instruments for an accurate diagnosis and treatment of depression in HF patients. D...
Source: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Monaldi Arch Chest Dis Source Type: research
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common, often debilitating mental health condition that occurs in some people who have experienced trauma. It can have a negative impact on mood, mimicking depression, and is characterized by petrifying episodes in which affected people re-experience trauma. New research suggests psychotherapy may provide a long-lasting reduction of distressing symptoms. Over the course of a lifetime, many people directly experience or witness trauma, such as sexual assault, violence, or natural disasters. Experts estimate that 10% to 20% of these people will experience acute (short-term) PTSD. So...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Anxiety and Depression Mental Health Source Type: blogs
 It seems like every day there is another mass shooting in the news: Newtown, Parkland, Odessa, Dayton. And most of these news reports allude to the shooter having mental illness. But is this true? Common wisdom holds that someone must be mentally ill to do such a thing. But is it really that simple? Join us for a nuanced discussion with Dr. John Grohol, the founder of PsychCentral.com, as he explains how media bias and slanted reporting have contributed to the myths and misunderstandings of who is violent in America. SUBSCRIBE &REVIEW Guest information for ‘Mass Shootings and Mental Illness’ Podca...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Interview Mental Health and Wellness Podcast Psychiatry Psychology The Psych Central Show Violence and Aggression Source Type: blogs
Could more rigorous efforts on the part of physicians and health systems to encourage people to exercise lower the population-wide burden of mental illness?In aneditorial inJAMA Psychiatry, the author of a study published last year showing that even relatively modest regular exercise has significant beneficial effects on an individual ’s mental health said that including exercise in the treatment of mental illness could improve rates of recovery and reduce illness burden.“[C]linical psychiatry has an ever-increasing need for strategies to reduce the population burden of mental illness,” wrote Adam Chekrou...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Adam Chekroud barriers to exercise exercise and public mental health JAMA Psychiatry Ph.D. population mental health Source Type: research
Therapy tends to be mysterious and confusing, because it’s one of those things that until you experience it for yourself, you’re not really sure what to expect. Which makes it that much harder to know how to make the most of it. It also means that we rely on sources like movies and shows to fill in the information gaps. It also means that we rely on our preconceived notions, cultural beliefs, or other experiences—such as going to see the doctor. And that can sometimes lead us astray. This is why we asked two seasoned therapists to share actionable strategies readers can use in their sessions to build on a...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: General Mental Health and Wellness Psychotherapy Self-Help Success & Achievement Treatment Source Type: blogs
Authors: Neurohr S, Willner H Abstract Chances of Psychotherapeutic Interventions and Stabilization with Unaccompanied Minor Refugees During Clearing Procedure and During the Transition Phase to Youth Welfare In the present clinical report, the experiences with psychotherapeutic crisis intervention for unaccompanied refugee minors in an initial reception and clearing office in Berlin, which have been financed since December 2016 by the association Spatz e. V. from the St Joseph hospital in Berlin-Tempelhof, is reflected. The financing offer results due to the developments in 2015 - a year with an above-average incr...
Source: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie - Category: Child Development Tags: Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr Source Type: research
 Today’s guest has a simple plan for radical life changes: Step outside of your comfort zone.  Lucia Giovannini is a former supermodel-turned-psychologist whose new book advises that the path to a meaningful life lies in stretching our intellectual and emotional abilities.  Lucia believes that making a concentrated effort to learn and grow on a daily basis can make you a happier person, and help you realize your true potential. And isn’t that the goal of a well-lived life? Listen in as Lucia gives easy, practical tips for expanding your horizons, reaching the best of your abilities, using your tale...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: General Interview LifeHelper Podcast Psychology Self-Help The Psych Central Show Source Type: blogs
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